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Appleby
Appleby-in-Westmorland
civil parish:-   Appleby-in-Westmorland (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   locality
locality type:-   buildings
locality type:-   market town
locality type:-   selected place
coordinates:-   NY68342038 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY6820
10Km square:-   NY62
latitude; longitude:-   2d 29.4 W; 54d 34.6m N


photograph
BJY59.jpg (taken 28.10.2005)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 15 3) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
OS County Series (Wmd 9 15) 

evidence:-   old map:- Gough 1350s-60s
placename:-  Appelbee
source data:-   Map, colour photozincograph copy, reduced size facsimile, Gough Map of Britain, scale about 28.5 miles to 1 inch, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875.
image  click to enlarge
Ggh1Cm.jpg
item:-  JandMN : 33
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Gough 1350s-60s
placename:-  Appelbee
source data:-   Map, lithograph facsimile, Gough Map of Britain, 20 miles to 1 inch? published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1935.
image  click to enlarge
Ggh2Cm.jpg
item:-  JandMN : 34
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Lloyd 1573
placename:-  Apelbya
source data:-   Map, hand coloured copper plate engraving, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
image  click to enlarge
Lld1Cm.jpg
"Apelbya"
item:-  Hampshire Museums : FA1998.69
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Saxton 1579
placename:-  Applebye
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorlandiae et Cumberlandiae Comitatus ie Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 5 miles to 1 inch, by Christopher Saxton, London, engraved by Augustinus Ryther, 1576, published 1579-1645.
image
Sax9NY62.jpg
Buildings and towers, symbol for a town.  "APPLEBYE"
item:-  private collection : 2
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Mercator 1595 (edn?) 
placename:-  Applebye
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorlandia, Lancastria, Cestria etc, ie Westmorland, Lancashire, Cheshire etc, scale about 10.5 miles to 1 inch, by Gerard Mercator, Duisberg, Germany, 1595, edition 1613-16.
image
MER5WmdA.jpg
"Applebye"
circle, building/s, tower, tinted red 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.3
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Keer 1605
placename:-  Applebye
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605 edition perhaps 1676.
image  click to enlarge
KER8.jpg
"Applebye"
dot, two circle, tower, tinted red; town 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.110
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Keer 1605 (edn 1620) 
placename:-  Aballaba
placename:-  Apleby
source data:-   Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605, published about 1605 to 1676.
image KER9Wmd2, button  goto source
second page  "(8) Places of memorable note for Antiquitie are ... and Aballaba, which we contractly call Apleby. ... In [which] the Aureli-"
image KER9Wmd3, button  goto source
third page  "[Aureli]an Maures kept a station in the time of the Romanes, and their high streete is yet apparently to be seene by the ridges thereof which lead by Apelby to a place called Brovonacum, mentioned in the Booke of Provinciall notices. The antique pieces of Romane Coyne otherwhiles digd up hereabouts, and some Inscriptions not long since found, shew of what continuance they have beene: although Time, which devoureth all things, hath so fed upon their carkasses many ages together, as it hath almost consumed both houses and Inhabitants. For Apelby now is bare both of people and buildings; and were it not for the antiquitie that makes it the more esteemable, in whose Castle the Assises are commonly kept, in would be little better in account then a village. ... These two places [Brough and Appleby] William of Newborough called Princely Holds, and writeth that William King of Scots a little before he himselfe was taken prisoner at Alnewicke, surprized them on a sodaine, but King John recovered them after, and liberally bestowed them upon Robert Vipont, for his many worthy services."

evidence:-   old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Kingdome of Great Britaine and Ireland, scale about 36 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, about 1610-11, published by Thomas Bassett, Fleet Street and Richard Chiswell, St Paul's Churchyard, London, 1676?
image  click to enlarge
SPD6Cm.jpg
"Appleby"
dot, circle, and tower 
item:-  private collection : 85
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
placename:-  Abballaba
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, 1610, published by George Humble, Popes Head Alley, London, 1611-12.
image
SP14NY62.jpg
"Appleby / ABBALLABA"
circle, buildings and towers 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Drayton 1612/1622
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton, probably engraved by William Hole, scale about 4 or 5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Mariott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
image
DRY512.jpg
"Appleby"
Lady with a 'town' headress. 
item:-  JandMN : 168
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   table of distances:- Simons 1635
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Table of distances, uncoloured engraving, Westmerland ie Westmorland, with a thumbnail map, scale about 42 miles to 1 inch, by Mathew Simons, published in A Direction for the English Traviller, 1635.
image  click to enlarge
SIM3.jpg
"Appleby N"
upright text, a larger place; and tabulated distances; A on thumbnail map 
item:-  private collection : 50.39
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Brathwaite 1638
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Poem, Drunken Barbaby's Four Journeys to the North of England, by Richard Brathwaite, 1638, published 1716-1818 at least.
image BBY1p119, button  goto source
Page 119:-  "..."
"Horse Fairs."
"..."
"Tra-montane Fairs."
"..."
"Thence to Native Appleby mount I,"
"Th'ancient Seat of all that County."
"..."
image BBY1p004, button  goto source
Page 4:-  "... I conclude his Name was Barnaby Harrington. ... He further says, ... he at last arrived at Appleby in Westmorland, where he was born, and where, if I mistake not, there are some Remains of the Family still living, That he was a Graduate in Queen's College, Oxon, is plain, but I have not had an Opportunity of knowing what Degrees he took. ..."
Unreliable deductions by the publisher, William Williamson, 1762. 

evidence:-   old map:- Jenner 1643
placename:-  Applebye
source data:-   Table of distances, with map, hand coloured engraving, Westmerland ie Westmorland, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Jacob van Langeren, published by Thomas Jenner, Cornhill, London, 1643.
image
JEN3Sq.jpg
"Applebye"
dot, double circle, buildings, red tint 
item:-  private collection : 52.Wmd
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Jansson 1646
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Cumbria and Westmoria, ie Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646.
image
JAN3NY62.jpg
"Appleby"
Buildings and towers, suggestion of a wall, notice ?fence palings; upright lowercase text; market town. 
item:-  JandMN : 88
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1670
placename:-  Appulbye Towne
source data:-   Records, hearth tax returns, exchequer duplicates, Westmorland, 1670.
"Appulbye Towne"

evidence:-   old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38) 
placename:-  Applebey
source data:-   Road strip map, hand coloured engraving, continuation of the Road from London to Carlisle, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675.
image
OG38m282.jpg
In mile 282, Cumberland. 
Turning right:-  "to Applebey"
item:-  JandMN : 21
Image © see bottom of page
source data:-   Road strip map, hand coloured engraving, continuation of the Road from London to Carlisle, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675.
image
OG38m267.jpg
In mile 267, Westmorland. 
Turning right:-  "to Applebey"
In mile 271, Westmorland. 
Turning right:-  "to Applebey"
item:-  JandMN : 21
Image © see bottom of page
source data:-   Road strip map, hand coloured engraving, continuation of the Road from London to Carlisle, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675.
image
OG38m257.jpg
In mile 257, Westmoreland. 
Turning right:-  "to Applebey &Newcastle"
Houses drawn at the junction. 
item:-  JandMN : 21
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Sanson 1679
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about 9.5 miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
image  click to enlarge
SAN2Cm.jpg
"Appleby"
circle, buildings and towers; town 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.15
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Seller 1694 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694.
image  click to enlarge
SEL7.jpg
"Appleby"
circle, upright lowercase text; town, large 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.87
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (EW) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, England, including Wales, scale about 27 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published by Abel Swale Awnsham and John Churchil, London, about 1695.
image  click to enlarge
MRD3Cm.jpg
"Appleby"
circle, buildings and tower; county town 
item:-  JandMN : 339
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Cumberland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695, published by Abel Swale, the Unicorn, St Paul's Churchyard, Awnsham, and John Churchill, the Black Swan, Paternoster Row, London, 1695-1715.
image
MD12NY62.jpg
"Appleby"
Circle, buildings, towers. 
item:-  JandMN : 90
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Apalby
placename:-  Aballaba
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published by Abel Swale, the Unicorn, St Paul's Churchyard, Awnsham, and John Churchill, the Black Swan, Paternoster Row, London, 1695.
image
MD10NY62.jpg
"Apalby / ABALLABA"
Circle, buildings, towers on the road north of the river, and circle, building and tower south of the river. 
item:-  JandMN : 24
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
"Kendall is the biggest town and much in the heart of Westmoreland but Appleby 10 mile off is the shire town where the session and assizes are held ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
"The upper, or northern part of the county [Westmorland], has two manufacturing towns, called Kirkby Stephen, and Appleby; the last is the capital of the county, yet neither of them offer any thing considerable to our observation, ..."
"..."
"In this vale [Eden], and on the bank of this river, stands Appleby, once a flourishing city, now a scattering, decayed, and half-demolished town, the fatal effects of the antient inroads of the Scots, when this being a frontier county, those invasions were frequent, and who several times were masters of this town, and at length burnt it to the ground, which blow it has not yet recovered."

evidence:-   old map:- Badeslade 1742
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Maps, Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland North from London, scale about 11 miles to 1 inch, with descriptive text, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742; published 1742-49.
"Appleby the County Town, sends 2 Members [to Parliament], Market Saturday, Fair May 30."

evidence:-   old map:- Badeslade 1742
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, with descriptive text, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
image  click to enlarge
BD12.jpg
"Appleby"
circle, tower/s, upright lowercase text; town, and two stars 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.62
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image
SMP2NYQ.jpg
"Appleby"
Building and towers; labelled as a town.. 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.59
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Simpson 1746
placename:-  Appleby
placename:-  Aballaba
item:-  charter
source data:-   Atlas, three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P3, button  goto source
Page 1021:-  "..."
"... It [Westmoreland] sends only four Members to Parliament, viz. two for the County and two for"
"Appleby, which claims the first Place both on account of its Antiquity, and because 'tis a County Town, where the yearly Assizes are held, tho' 'tis neither very rich nor beautiful; but the Situation of it in the midst of pleasant Fields, and on the Banks of the River Eden, which almost encompasses it, is very agreeable. The Name is a Corruption of the Aballaba mentioned in the Notitia. In the [Romans]"
image SMP3P4, button  goto source
Page 1022:-  "Romans Time it was the Station of the Mauri Aureliani, a Band of Soldiers, so called because they were sent hither by the Emperor Aurelian. King Henry I. gave it Privileges equal to York that city's Charter being granted, as 'tis said, in the Forenoon, and this in the Afternoon of the same Day. It has the same Privileges still, its Charter having been confirmed by King Henry II. and also by King Henry III. (in whose Time there was an Exchequer here) and by the succeeding Kings of England. In the Reign of King Edward I. it had a Mayor and two Provosts, who sign'd the publick Acts of the Town together with the Mayor, tho' at present they only attend the Mayor with two Halberds. Brompton makes mention of Applebyshire, and 'tis supposed that it had once Sheriffs of its own, as most Cities had; or else that Westmoreland was called the County of Appleby or Applebyshire. In the 22d of Henry II. it was set on Fire by the Scots, as it was again in the 12th of Richard II. In 1598 it was also a great Sufferer by a Pestilence, and so depopulated, as appears from an Inscription placed in the Garden belonging to the School-house, describing those Calamities, which it has never yet recovered, that the Market was removed to Gilshaughlin, four or five Miles from the Town. William King of Scots took this Town, and the Burgh under Stanemore by Suprize, a little before himself was taken at Alnwick; but they were afterward recovered by King John, who gave the Castle and Barony of this Town and the Burgh to John de Vipont, whose Family and that of the Cliffords have been Lords of this County, and flourished at this Place for above 500 Years. Its Market is on Saturdays, and Fairs on Whit monday, May 30, and June 10."
"The Assizes are held here in the Town-hall, but the Goal for Malefactors, which was formerly in the Castle, is now at the End of the Bridge. Here is the best Corn-market in all these northern Parts; but the chief Beauty of the Town consists in one broad Street, which runs with an easy Ascent from North and South; at the Head whereof is the Castle, almost surrounded with the River, and with Trenches, where the River comes not. At the Lower-end of the Town are the Church, and a School built by Robert Langton and Miles Spencer, Doctors of [Law,]"
image SMP3P5, button  goto source
Page 1023:-  "Law, and much improved and augmented by Dr. Smith, late Bishop of Carlisle, and other Benefactors: But the greatest Benefactress to this Town was the Lady Anne, Daughter and Heiress of George Lord Clifford, who in 1651 founded, and afterwards endowed an Hospital here, for a Governess, and twelve other Widows, commonly called, the Mother and twelve Sisters, settled Lands on the Top to the Value of 8 l. a Year to keep up the Repairs of the Church, School-house, Town-hall, and Bridge; rebuilt a good Part of the Church in which she lies interr'd, and wholly rebuilt the Church at Bongate, which is a Part of this Town."
"The Town is governed by a Mayor, Recorder, twelve Aldermen, a Common-council, and Serjeants at Mace. It stands on the Roman military Way, which crosses this County from Rear-Cross on Stainmore in the East, to the River Eden, a little below Penrith in the West."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Bickham 1753-54
source data:-   Maps, A Map of Westmorland, 1753, and A Map of Cumberland, 1754, by George Bickham, James Street, Bunhill Fields, London; published 1750s-96.
Print, engraving, imaginary scene and a coat of arms:-  "The Arms of the Town of Appleby."
Three lions passant guardant.  "..."
"[Appleby] is esteemed the County Town, but is now of little Note except for its Antiquity."

evidence:-   old map:- Bickham 1753-54 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, perspective view, A Map of Westmorland, North from London, by George Bickham, James Street, Bunhill Fields, London, 1753.
image  click to enlarge
BCK3.jpg
"Appleby"
view (sort of) 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.71
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Hill 1754
placename:-  Correction House
placename:-  Jail
source data:-   Town plan, A Plan of Appleby in Westmorland, scale about 32 ins to 1 mile, engraved by Nathaniel Hill, 1754.
image  click to enlarge
M010P2.jpg
item:-  Carlisle Library : Map 211
Image © Carlisle Library

evidence:-   old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland Divided into their Respective Wards, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin et al, published by T Bowles, Robert Sayer, and John Bowles, London, 1760.
image
BO18NY61.jpg
"APPLEBY Mar. Sat. / V"
blocks, on roads, street plan, vicarage, county town, market, two stars for members of Parliament 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.10
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
placename:-  Aballaba
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
image
J5NY62SE.jpg
"APPLEBY"
blocks on a street plan, labelled in block caps; settlement, market town? 
image
J5NY61NE.jpg
"Aballaba"
antiquity; roman fort 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Images © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770
placename:-  Appleby
placename:-  Aballaba
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
image
JEF5Appl.jpg
"APPLEBY / Aballaba"
blocks on a street plan, church, bridge, castle, named suburbs, Scattergate, Bondgate, Clappersgate 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Image © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old text:- Pennant 1773
item:-  fire, Applebylocal authority, Appleby
source data:-   Book, A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
image PEN6p139, button  goto source
Pennant's Tour 1773, page 139  "I entered the small town of Appleby, consisting of a single street irregularly built on the steep slope of a hill: on the summit is the castle. ..."
image PEN6p140, button  goto source
Pennant's Tour 1773, page 140  "... The town, and probably the castle, had suffered many misfortunes from the inroads of the Scots. ... In 1388 the town underwent a stroke which it never recovered, having been totally burnt and wasted by those cruel invaders; so that, on requisition made in the reigns of Henry VIII. and of Philip and Mary, it was"
image PEN6p141, button  goto source
Pennant's Tour 1773, page 141  "found wholly unable to pay the usual rent of twenty marks to the Crown, which was reduced in future to 26s. 8d. ..."
"Appleby had been a place of great extent and importance. At one period it seemed to have been put on a level with the city of York, for Henry I. bestowed on it equal privileges: York had its charter bestowed on it in the morning, and Appleby in the afternoon of the same day. Henry III. gave another charter, in which all things were like York. In the reign of Edward I. it had a Mayor, and two provosts,"
image PEN6p142, button  goto source
Pennant's Tour 1773, page 142  "who signed the public acts with the mayor, but at present are degraded into two attendants, who follow that magistrate with halberds. The borough sends two Members to Parliament, a privilege first obtained in the time of Edward I."
"The town had formerly been of vast extent; for Burrals, i.e. borough-walls, shew its limits on that side, now a mile from the inhabited remains. Bondgate, Dungate, and Scattergate, mark its former entrances at places at present very distant. That a Roman station had been at or near this town, is very certain; and most probably at the Burrals, which might preserve that name through the pre-eminence of antiquity. The Learned differ whether Abbalaba or Galacum was the proper appellation: some contest, from similarity of sound, that it must have been the first. Mr. Horsley, by the more certain rule of observing the distances in Antonine's Itinerary, proves it to have been the latter. It stands on the Roman road, and some antiquities have been found in its neighbourhood. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Pennant 1777
placename:-  Calacum
placename:-  Appelby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A Map of Scotland, Hebrides and Part of England, drawn for Thomas Pennant, engraved by J Bayly, published by Benjamin White, London, 1777.
image  click to enlarge
PEN1Cm.jpg
"CALACUM / APPELBY"
circle with side bars and spike; town 
item:-  private collection : 66
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
placename:-  Apulby
placename:-  Galacum
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P200, button  goto source
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769 
Page 200:-  "... On the ascent of the hill above Appleby, the thick hanging woods, and the long reaches of the Eden, clear, rapid and full as ever, winding below, with views of the castle and town, gave much employment to the mirror [1];"
"[1] Mr. Gray carried usually with him on these tours a plano-convex mirror, of about four inches diameter, on a black foil, and bound up like a pocket-book. A glass of this sort is perhaps the best and most convenient substitute for a camera obscura, of anything that has hitherto been invented, and may be had of any optician."
image WS21P243, button  goto source
Tour to the Caves in the West Riding of Yorkshire, late 18th century 
Page 243:-  "..."
"... Bremetonacae [Overborough] is placed ... twenty-seven Roman (or twenty-four English) miles south of Galacum, which some antiquaries conceive to be Apulby, though others with more probability think it was Brough: the distances correspond, besides the additional argument of their being nearly in the same direction, whether we conceive Galacum to be Apulby or Brough. The Roman road is easily traced from Ribchester ... to Overborough; afterwards the Roman road goes through Casterton and Middleton, and, as some think, by Borrow-bridge and Orton, to Apulby. Others, and perhaps from better reasons, are of opinion, the road went by Sedbergh, or Sedburgh, over Blewcaster, along Ravenstonedale-street, and through Kirkby-Stephen, to Brough or Burgh."

evidence:-   old text:- Camden 1789
placename:-  Apelby
placename:-  Aballaba
source data:-   Book, Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
image CAM2P148, button  goto source
Page 148:-  "... ABALLABA, mentioned in the Notitia, which still retains its name with so little variation as to discover itself most clearly, and remove every doubt. For we call it by shortness from Aballaba Apelby. This place is considered only for antiquity and situation, as in the Roman times it was a station of Aurelian Moors, situate in a very pleasant country, and almost surrounded by the river Eden, but so thin of inhabitants, and meanly built, that were it not that for its antiquity it deserves to be accounted the principal town in the county, and to have the assizes held in its castle, which is the county gaol, it would be little better than a village. For all its beauty consists in one broad street running up a gentle hill from south to north. On the top of the hill is the castle, almost entirely surrounded by the river. At the bottom the church, and a school founded by Robert Langton and Milo Spencer, Doctors of Law, the head master whereof is the very learned Reginald Bainbrigge, who kindly copied for me several antient inscriptions in these parts, and removed several into his garden here. William of Newburgh, not without reason, calls this place and Burgh royal fortresses, when he relates the surprize of them by William king of Scots, a little before he was taken prisoner at Alnwick. King John generously gave them to John de Vipont for his services in re-taking them."

evidence:-   old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions) 
placename:-  Appleby
placename:-  Galacum
source data:-   Book, Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
image CAM2P157, button  goto source
Page 157:-  "..."
""Appleby is the shire town, but it is now but a poor village having a ruinous castle wherein the prisoners are kept.""
"Mr. Horsley removes Aballaba to Water-cross on the Wall; the station being placed per lineam valli. It occurs also on lord Hertford's Roman cup, under the name of Avallava, as it is also spelt in Ravennas. Appleby being thus out of the wall, yet from the antiquities found there, and the Roman road a station, he determines it to be GALACUM of the Itinerary, which ever since Mr. Camden's time has been placed at Kirby Thor or Whellop castle."
"It is now the best corn market in the county. and has three fairs, makes a neat compact appearance at a distance; the principal street broad, with a good inn fronting the market-cross, which stands aukwardly in the middle of the street. ..."
"..."
"... The assizes are now held in the town-hall, and the gaol is at the end of the bridge."
image CAM2P158, button  goto source
Page 158:-  "..."
"Appleby has several evidences of its antient splendour. Henry I. gave it privileges equal to York, that city's charter being granted as is pretended in the forenoon and this in the afternoon of the same day. Henry II. granted them another charter of like immunities, as did Henry III. in whose time here was an Exchequer. These privileges were in all points like those of York, and confirmed by succeeding kings. When it was first governed by a mayor does not appear; but here was one in the reign of Edward I. with two provosts, who seem to have been formerly equal to sheriffs or bailiffs, and signed the public acts of the town with the mayor, though now they only attend him with halberds. Bromton mentions Aplebyschire, which seems to imply that it had then sheriffs of its own as most cities had, though now we call them bailiffs. For 2 Edward I. in a confirmation charter to Shap abbey we find this subscription: Teste Thoma filio Johannis tunc vicecomite de Apelby. The Scotch wars by degrees reduced this town. It was burnt 22 Henry II. and again 11 Richard II. when of 2200 burgages by due computation of the fee-farm rents, these remained not above 1/10th as appears by inquisitions in the town chest. Since that time it never recovered itself, but lay dismembered like so many separate villages which could not be known except by records to have belonged to the same body. For though Burgh gate is spoken of as the principal street, yet Bon gate, Battle burgh, Dongate, Scattergate, are all members of it, and that it was antiently of greater extent appears from the Burrals near a mile from it, which word being a corruption of Burrow walls may prove its having been walled about, because the town walls of Bath are called Burrals, and ruins of buildings have been dug up two or three miles from the present town. The condition and misfortunes of this place are recited in the inscription before-mentioned in the school-house garden."
"The Viponts and Cliffords (ancestors on the mother's side to the earls of Thanet) have been lords of the country, and flourished at this place for above 400 years. Here was a house of White Friars founded 1281, and near it an hospital of St. Nicholas."

evidence:-   old map:- Cary 1789 (edn 1805) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, London, 1789; edition 1805.
image
CY24NY62.jpg
"APPLEBY"
group of blocks, labelled in block caps, town plan, two stars for members of parliament; borough town. 
item:-  JandMN : 129
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Aikin 1790 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 8.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Aikin, London, 1790.
image  click to enlarge
AIK2.jpg
"Appleby"
circle with side bars and spike; county town 
item:-  JandMN : 51
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
placename:-  Applebie
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G7920224, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1792 p.224 
image  click to enlarge
G792E02.jpg

evidence:-   old map:- Bailey 1797
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, soil etc, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland, scale about 12 miles to 1 inch, by J Bailey, engraved by Neele, Strand, published by Messrs Robinson, Paternoster Row and G Nicol, Pall Mall, London, 1797.
image  click to enlarge
BY05.jpg
"Appleby"
group of blocks; town 
item:-  Armitt Library : A680.3
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Road book, itineraries, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, 181 Strand, London, 2nd edn 1802.
image CY38p281, button  goto source
image  click to enlarge
C38281.jpg
page 281-282  "Appleby - King's Head / At Appleby on r. a T.R. to Kendal."
market town, post office 
image CY38p285, button  goto source
image  click to enlarge
C38285.jpg
page 285-286  "INNS. ... Appleby, Crown. ..."
image CY38p315, button  goto source
image  click to enlarge
C38315.jpg
page 315-316  "Appleby / INN. Appleby, Crown."
market town, post office 
item:-  JandMN : 228.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Cooke 1802
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 12 miles to 1 inch, by George Cooke, 1802, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Road, London, 1824.
image  click to enlarge
GRA1Wd.jpg
"APPLEBY / 267"
blocks, upright lowercase text; town, and two stars, distance from London 
item:-  Hampshire Museums : FA2000.62.4
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Luffman 1803
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 37 miles to 1 inch, by John Luffman, 28 Little Bell Alley, Coleman Street, London, 1803-06.
image  click to enlarge
LUF4.jpg
"Appleby"
double circle; county town 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.46
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Laurie and Whittle 1806
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Road map, Continuation of the Roads to Glasgow and Edinburgh, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, by Nathaniel Coltman? 1806, published by Robert H Laurie, 53 Fleet Street, London, 1834.
image  click to enlarge
Lw21.jpg
"Appleby 269¾"
market town; distance from London; travellers supplied with post horses or carriages 
item:-  private collection : 18.21
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Capper 1808
placename:-  Appleby
placename:-  Aballaba
item:-  populationmarketfairfireassizesplague
source data:-   Gazetteer, A Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom, compiled by Benjamin Pitts Capper, published by Richard Phillips, Bridge Street, Blackfriars, London, 1808; published 1808-29.
image CAP104, button  goto source
"..."
"APPLEBY, a borough and market town in East Ward, Westmoreland, 10 miles from Penrith, 20 from Carlisle, and 266 from London; contains 120 houses and 711 inhabitants, exclusive of Bongate, a separate parish, but part of the town. It is almost encompassed by the river Eden. It was a Roman station, called Aballaba, and had a military way crossing the country here. The assizes are held in the town-hall, and the judges lodge in the castle, an ancient building at the end of the principal street. It is governed by a mayor, aldermen, and common council; besides its church, an old building which stands at the end of the town, there is another in Bongate. It has a gaol, town-hall, free-school, charity-school, and an hospital for a governess and twelve widows, commonly called the mother and twelve sisters; but here is no manufactory. The market, on Saturday, is the best supplied with corn in this part of the kingdom. This town was taken by suprise by William, king of Scotland, but recovered by king John; and Henry II. granted it privileges equal to the city of York; in the reigns of Henry II. and Richard II. it was set on fire by the Scots, and in 1598 it suffered greatly by pestilence; since which time, it has never recovered its original extent. It is a vicarage, value 9l. 5s. 2d. Patron, the dean and chapter of Carlisle."
"..."

evidence:-   old map:- Cooper 1808
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by R Phillips, Bridge Street, Blackfriars, London, 1808.
image  click to enlarge
COP4.jpg
"Appleby"
double circle, and two dots on spikes for MPs; county town 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.53
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Wallis 1810 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Road map, Westmoreland, scale about 19 miles to 1 inch, by James Wallis, 77 Berwick Street, Soho, 1810, published by W Lewis, Finch Lane, London, 1835?
image  click to enlarge
WAL5.jpg
"Appleby / 267"
town; distance from London; two asterisks for members of parliament 
item:-  JandMN : 63
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Wallis 1810
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, Westmoreland, scale about 19 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, by James Wallis, 77 Berwick Street, Soho, London, 1810; published 1810-36.
"PRINCIPAL INNS, RECOMMENDED TO TRAVELLERS AND FAMILIES."
"Appleby: Crown, King's Head, Crown and Mitre."
"..."
"PRINCIPAL FAIRS."
"Appleby: Whitsun-eve, horned cattle; Whit-Monday, linen cloth and merchandise; June 10, cattle and sheep; August 10, horses, sheep, and linen cloth."

evidence:-   old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
image  click to enlarge
HA18.jpg
"APPLEBY / 270"
circle, block caps; county town; distance from London; two stars for MPs 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.58
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Perrot 1823
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Cumberland and Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 38 miles to 1 inch, by Aristide Michel Perrot, engraved by Migneret, 1823, published by Etienne Ledoux, 9 Rue Guenegaud, Paris, France, 1824-48.
image  click to enlarge
PER2.jpg
"Appleby"
double circle; county town 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.45
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Greenwood 1824 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Map of the County of Westmorland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by C and J Greenwood, published by George Pringle jnr, 70 Queen Street, Cheapside, London, 1824.
image
grw5appl.jpg
"APPLEBY"
street map; labelled in block caps for a market town; 2 stars for 2 members sent to Parliament. 
item:-  Armitt Library : A1827
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Greenwood 1834 ((Wmd)) 
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Map of the County of Westmorland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by C and J Greenwood, 1822-23, engraved by J and C Walker, 1830, published by Greenwood and Co, 13 Regent Street, Pall Mall, London, 1830-34.
image  click to enlarge
Grw4Vgn1.jpg
Vignette scene from Greenwood's map, 1830-34. 
item:-  private collection : 12
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Greenwood 1824
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Map of the County of Westmorland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by C and J Greenwood, published by George Pringle jnr, 70 Queen Street, Cheapside, London, 1824.
image  click to enlarge
GRW5V1.jpg
"VIEW OF APPLEBY"
Vignette on a Map of the County of Westmorland 
item:-  Armitt Library : A1827
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
item:-  fire, Appleby
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G825A414, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1825 part 1 p.414 
From the Compendium of County History:-  "1176. King William of Scotland surprised Appleby castle, and utterly destroyed the town. In this inroad he sacked Brough Castle."
"1388. The Scots by a second conflagration destroyed the town of Appleby."

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
placename:-  Appleby
item:-  plague
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G825A514, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1825 part 1 p.514 
From the Compendium of County History:-  "Viteripont, Thomas de, Bishop of Carlisle, 1255, Appleby."
"..."
"At APPLEBY, in 1598, the plague raged. - The castle was the residence of the Clifford family, ... The School has produced a number of eminent characters in Church and State. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Cobbett 1832
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 7 miles to 1 inch, by William Cobbett, 11 Bolt Court, Fleet Street, London, 1832.
image  click to enlarge
COB4.jpg
"Appleby"
dot and circle; town 
item:-  JandMN : 116
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Ford 1839 map
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Map of the Lake District of Cumberland, Westmoreland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, and by R Groombridge, 5 Paternoster Row, London, 3rd edn 1843.
image
FD02NY61.jpg
"APPLEBY"
item:-  JandMN : 100.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
image
GAR2NY62.jpg
"APPLEBY"
blocks, settlement 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
item:-  token
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G853A493, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1853 part 1 p.493  "..."
"The remaining Westmerland tokens described by Mr. Brockett are -"
"Two for Appleby, 1. the halfpenny"
image G853A494, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1853 part 1 p.494  "of Christopher Birkbecke (the King's head); and 2. the farthing of Edward Guy, rev. "I SERVE FOR CHANGE." Both these are dated 1666."

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
item:-  Kendal MercurytokenAllhallows Lane, Kendal
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G863A571, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1863 part 1 p.571  "APPLEBY TOKEN."
"WE copy the following from the "Kendal Mercury" of March 28, 1863, conceiving it of interest, as tending to settle a question of numismatics upon which different opinions have been entertained."
""In taking down the old dwellings on the south side of Allhallows'-lane, Kendal, consequent on the widening of that street, the workmen turned up a small brass token of the seventeenth century, issued at Appleby, in Westmoreland, in the year 1669."
""Mr. Brockett, in his 'Tradesmen's Tokens (of the seventeenth century) issued in the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland,' 1853, and republished in the GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE for May of that year, has omitted any notice of this specimen; it is however engraved and described in the latter publication for March, 1792, p.209, without, we believe, being assigned to any county. In Mr. Boyne's elaborate work, 'Tokens issued in the Seventeenth Century in England, Wales, and Ireland,' 1858, and also in Mr. North's 'Leicestershire Tokens.' 1857, it is given, but in both dubiously appropriated to Appleby in Leicestershire."
""We think, however, there can be no question that we are right in claiming this token for our Appleby, from the fact of its occasional - though it must be admitted rare - occurence in this part of the country, and also that William Smith (doubtless the issuer of the token now under consideration) was Mayor of Appleby, in this county, in the years 1667 and 1673."
""If any of our Appleby correspondents could identify the pigeon chosen for his obverse by the William Smith of the token as having any reference or allusion to the trade or occupation of their Mayor of that name, it might further tend to confirm our assumption, and finally decide the question of this token's parentage."
""The token just discovered is of brass, of the farthing size, and is in excellent preservation. It contains on the"
""Obverse - WILLIAM SMITH* = A pigeon pecking."
""Reverse - IN-APPLEBYE-1669* = .*. / W S. / .*."
"And is now in the possession of John Hudson, Esq., of Larch How."
""We believe this to be the first time the above token has been accurately delineated, as in all the descriptions we have met with the name of the town is spelled APPLEBIE, instead of APPLEBYE."
"Kendal, March 25, 1863."
""K.K.""

evidence:-   old itinerary:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Itinerary, route 3, London to Edinburgh and Glasgow via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Bowes, Durham; through Brough, Appleby, Westmorland; then Penrith, Carlisle, Longtown, Cumberland; and into Scotland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
image  click to enlarge
TLY137.jpg
pp.36-49 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes; pp.37-39. 
printed at p.36:-  "... / ROUTE III. - LONDON to EDINBURGH and GLASGOW via / BOROUGHBRIDGE and CARLISLE (See Maps 31 to 42.) / Boroughbridge 206 (as per Route I.), Leeming 221½, Catterick 228, Greta Bridge 242½, Bowes 248½, Brough 261½, Appleby 269¾, / Penrith 283½, Carlisle 301½, Longtown 310¼, Langholm 321¾, / Hawick 349½, Selkirk 356, Middleton 379½, Edinburgh 392½. / ..."
image  click to enlarge
TLY138.jpg
item:-  private collection : 270.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old strip map:- Tinsley 1877 (Roads/Cum) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Strip map, road map, part of London to Edinburgh via Boroughbridge and Carlisle, including from Appleby, Westmorland through Penrith to Carlisle, Cumberland, published by Tinsley Bros, 8 Catherine Street, Strand, London, 1877.
image  click to enlarge
TLY1M2.jpg
Map pp.35-36 in British High Roads, North and North Eastern Routes. 
printed at top:-  "BRITISH HIGH ROADS. / 35 LONDON TO EDINBURGH, VIA BOROUGHBRIDGE &CARLISLE. 36"
item:-  private collection : 270.4
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old itinerary:- Johnson 1908 (Roads/Cum) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Itinerary, Route 41. reverse in Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, Glasgow to Doncaster, through Appleby, by Claude Johnson, edited by Lord Montagu, published by The Car Illustrated, 168 Piccadilly, London, 1908.
image  click to enlarge
JS5083.jpg
pp.83-84 in the road book, Roads Made Easy by Picture and Pen, vol.3. 
printed at beginning, p.83:-  "ROUTE 41. Reverse. / GLASGOW via Carlisle (95), Penrith (113), Appleby (125½), Bowes (146¾), Scotch Corner (162¾), Boroughbridge (191¾), to DONCASTER (235¼)."
image  click to enlarge
JS5084.jpg
item:-  private collection : 268.11
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Postlethwaite 1877 (3rd edn 1913) 
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Map of the Lake District Mining Field, Westmorland, Cumberland, Lancashire, scale about 5 miles to 1 inch, by John Postlethwaite, published by W H Moss and Sons, 13 Lowther Street, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1877 edn 1913.
image
PST2NY62.jpg
"APPL[EB ]"
dots, railways 
item:-  JandMN : 162.2
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   town plan:- Historical Monuments 1936
placename:-  Appleby
item:-  
source data:-   Town plan, uncoloured lithograph, Appleby Map Showing Castle Earthworks and Town, Westmorland, scale about 1 to 5000, published by Royal Commission on Historical Monuments England, London, 1936.
image  click to enlarge
HMW009.jpg
On p.13 of the Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Westmorland. 
printed, lower left  "APPLEBY / MAP SHOWING / CASTLE EARTHWORKS &TOWN"
item:-  Armitt Library : A745.9
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- County Associations 1950
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Town plan, uncoloured lithograph, Appleby, Westmorland, scale about 4 inches to 1 mile, published by The County Associations, Bourdon Street, Berkeley Square, London, 1950.
image  click to enlarge
WMD1M6.jpg
Town plan, uncoloured lithograph, Appleby, Westmorland, scale about 4 inches to 1 mile, published in The Westmorland Official County Guide by The County Associations, Bourdon Street, Berkeley Square, London, 1950. 
item:-  JandMN : 1000.6
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   market notes:- 
placename:-  Appleby
item:-  market
source data:-   www.history.ac.uk/cmh/gaz/gazweb2.htmPalmer's Index No.93:: Public Record OfficeOwen: 1792: New Book of FairsBowen, Emanuel &Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland

evidence:-   old map:- Horsley 1732
placename:-  Galacum
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Britannia Antiqua, roman Britain, scale about 50 miles to 1 inch, by John Horsley, perhaps 1732, edition published about 1869?
image  click to enlarge
HOR1Cm.jpg
"Galacum / Appleby"
item:-  JandMN : 429
Image © see bottom of page


photograph
CCS52.jpg  Postmark:-
"APPLEBY / 10PM / JU 15 / 06" Stamp - Edward VII, halfpenny, green
 
photograph
CCS59.jpg  Postmark:-
"APPL[EB]Y / 9 [ ]M / [ ] 22 / 07" Stamp - Edward VII, halfpenny, green
 

 Post Office maps 1770-1909

evidence:-   old print:- Sayer 1847
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Frontispiece to vol.2 of Sayer's History of Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Gilks.
image  click to enlarge
SY01E2.jpg
"APPLEBY, FROM THE CASTLE GATE."
item:-  Armitt Library : A1390.3
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.57) 
placename:-  Appleby
source data:-   Print, uncoloured engraving, Appleby, Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by M J Starling, published by Peter Jackson, London and Paris, 1830s.
image  click to enlarge
PR0021.jpg
vol.1 pl.57 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated, originally. In the foreground water is being fetched from the River Eden. 
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-  "T. Allom. / M. J. Starling. / APPLEBY, WESTMORLAND. / PETER JACKSON, LONDON &PARIS."
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2008.107.21
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Rose 1832-35
source data:-   Print, engraving, Highcup-Gill, Appleby in the Distance, by Thomas Allom, engraved by S Lacey, 1833.
image  click to enlarge
R219.jpg
"Highcup-Gill, Appleby in the Distance"
item:-  JandMN : 96.10
Image © see bottom of page


photograph
BJY52.jpg  The pillar at the top of Boroughgate.
(taken 28.10.2005)  
photograph
BUS66.jpg  Memorial panel by the Eden.
(taken 23.2.2007)  
photograph
BUS67.jpg  Memorial panel by the Eden.
(taken 23.2.2007)  
photograph
CCB46.jpg  Roadsigns by Eden Bridge ... no horses.
(taken 7.11.2014)  


photograph
BPB33.jpg   Brass dial of a longcase clock by:-
"Jos. BAKER APPLEBY" Joseph Baker, clockmaker, Appleby
(taken 18.4.2008)  courtesy of Market Place Antiques, Kirkby Stephen


photograph
BPB34.jpg   Brass dial of a longcase clock by:-
"Joseph BAKER APPLEBY" Joseph Baker, clockmaker, Appleby
(taken 18.4.2008)  courtesy of Market Place Antiques, Kirkby Stephen


photograph
BQQ29.jpg  Painted dial of a longcase clock by:-
"George Wilson / APPPLEBY" George Wilson, clockmaker, Bridge Street, Appleby
(taken 29.5.2009)  courtesy of Mary Southwood

hearsay:-  
There is said to be a sycamore tree here, under which John Wesley preached.

hearsay:-  
The main street, Boroughgate, was planted with lime trees in the 1870s.

hearsay:-  
The famous horse fair is held on the second Tuesday and Wednesday in June. It had a charter granted by James II.

hearsay:-  
John Robinson was an alderman here, and later MP for Appleby. He was called Jack, as:-
"Afore you can say Jack Robinson"

date:-   1179
period:-   12th century?
item:-   chartermarket charter
Market charter granted 1179?

places:-  
NY68392029 Aboard Inn (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68812074 Appleby East Station (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68302052 Appleby Eden Cricket Club (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68192024 Appleby Fire Station (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68102103 Appleby Grammar School, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY69021991 Appleby Grange (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY685218 Appleby Junction (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68512042 Appleby Police Station (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68652068 Appleby Station (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY683203 Appleby Bakery (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68352036 Appleby Flower Basket (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68932011 Back Lane (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68232018 Banks Lane (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68382034 Barclay's Bank (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY683207 Battlebarrow (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68392062 Appleby: Battlebarrow, 1 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68402063 Appleby: Battlebarrow, 2 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68412063 Slapestone House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68402064 Appleby: Battlebarrow, 4 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68392064 Appleby: Battlebarrow, 5 and 7 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68392069 Appleby: Battlebarrow, 11 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68852012 Bongate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68812020 Appleby: Bongate, 3 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68822019 Brunswick House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68802017 Red Lion (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68832016 Carlton House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68842015 Appleby: Bongate, 13 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68921997 Cottage, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68921996 Appleby: Bongate, 37 and 39 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68352038 Appleby: Boroughgate, 3 and 5 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68352037 Appleby: Boroughgate, 7 and 9 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68352036 Appleby: Boroughgate, 11 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68362034 Appleby: Boroughgate, 14 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68372035 Appleby: Boroughgate, 15 and 17 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68362034 Appleby: Boroughgate, 16 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68382031 Stephenson greengrocer (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68382028 Appleby: Boroughgate, 28 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68372028 Red House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68382026 Courtyard Gallery (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68382025 Appleby: Boroughgate, 36 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68422024 Appleby: Boroughgate, 37 and 39 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68392023 Appleby: Boroughgate, 40 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68422023 Appleby: Boroughgate, 41 to 45 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68392021 Appleby: Boroughgate, 42 and 44 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68392020 Appleby: Boroughgate, 48 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68442014 Rivlin (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68402019 Appleby: Boroughgate, 50 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68402018 Appleby: Boroughgate, 52 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68412017 Limes, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68412014 Maesy Don (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68412013 Pine Cottage (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY684204 Bridge Street (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68402041 Appleby: Bridge Street, 1 and 3 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68352039 Appleby: Bridge Street, 3 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68372042 Appleby: Bridge Street, 4 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68372039 Appleby: Bridge Street, 5 and 7 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68362041 Appleby: Bridge Street, 6 and 8 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68362039 Appleby: Bridge Street, 9 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68352041 Appleby: Bridge Street, 10 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68352039 Appleby: Bridge Street, 11 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68222042 Appleby: Chapel Street (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68162055 Appleby: Chapel Street, 1 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68222045 Appleby: Chapel Street, 16 to 19 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68232042 Appleby: Chapel Street, 20 to 26 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68242040 Appleby: Chapel Street, 27 to 29 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68242038 Appleby: Chapel Street, 30 to 32 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68252035 Appleby: Chapel Street, 33 and 34 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68252030 Appleby: Chapel Street, 39 and 40 (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY682198 Colby Lane (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68361980 Appleby: Colby Lane, 1 and 2 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68322013 Doomgate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68282025 Appleby: Doomgate, 1 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68282024 Appleby: Doomgate, 2 to 4 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68292023 Appleby: Doomgate, 5 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68292020 Appleby: Doomgate, 11 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68312022 Appleby: Doomgate, 13 to 15 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68302025 Appleby: Doomgate, 18 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY683203 N J and M Dowding (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68282037 Emerald Laundry (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68342035 T M Ewbank, butcher (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY683203 High Wiend (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68352028 Appleby: High Wiend, 1 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68352030 Desi Spice (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68312028 Appleby: High Wiend, 12 and 14 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68282028 School House (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68202026 Holme Street (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY682203 Low Wiend (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68382033 Midland Bank (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68821987 Mill Hill (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68771981 Mill House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68262031 H Pigney and Sons (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68362030 Appleby Post Office (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY686203 Sands, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68462042 Appleby: Sands, 1 to 3 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68612031 Appleby: Sands, 3 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68602031 Appleby: Sands, 4 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68582032 Appleby: Sands, 5 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68421984 Scattergate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68371988 Appleby: Scattergate, 1 (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68372006 Shaw's Wiend (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68382013 Square, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68232026 Armoury, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68232039 Bainbridge Inscriptions (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68412025 Bank House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68231982 Banks Cottage (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68122006 Banks, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68171981 Barbadoes Lodge (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68292021 Bardon House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68371990 barn, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68392073 Barrowgarth (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY682208 Battlebarrow House (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68402041 Bay Tree Cafe (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68592003 Lady Anne's Bee House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68892012 Beech Croft (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68762021 Bongate House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68741981 Bongate Mill (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY69041985 Bongate Town Head (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY688197 Bongate Weir (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69652078 boundary stone, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68142025 bridge, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68282054 Butts, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68621952 Cadber Lane (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68641969 Castle Bank House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68481997 Castle Park (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY69102007 cemetery, Bongate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY684202 chapel, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68272028 chapel, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68582034 St Michael's Church Institute (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68941992 Church View (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY684207 Clappersgate (Appleby-in-Westmorland) once?
NY68332040 Cloisters, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68712012 Coudy Rock (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68881980 Courtfield Hotel (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY69061985 Crossfield (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68322039 Crown and Cushion (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY67812008 Dowpits Wood (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY67941952 Dowstones Lane (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68572033 drain, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68562033 drain, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68622032 drain, Appleby (3) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68322041 drain, Appleby (4) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68752029 Drawbriggs (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68452045 Eden Bridge Cafe (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68722063 Appleby West Engine Shed (Appleby-in-Westmorland) gone
NY68372146 Fair Hill (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68701979 ford, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68372078 Friary Cottage (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68412077 Friary, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY69552058 Gale House (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68412041 gaol, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland) gone
NY68431978 Gardeners Cottage (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY6820 Gilshaughlin (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68342030 Golden Ball (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68432056 Grapes Inn (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68322020 Hall's Warehouse (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68372035 Hare and Hounds (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68432014 High Cross (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY67631984 High House (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68052050 Holme Wood (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68042027 Holme (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68372034 hydrant plate, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68582034 hydrant plate, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68362028 hydrant plate, Appleby (3) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68691981 Jubilee Bridge (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY682203 King George's Field (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68282029 Kingdom Hall (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L gone
NY6820 King's Head (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68312086 Kingstone House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68432014 lamp post, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68752083 level crossing, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68332039 Low Cross (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68832018 milestone, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY67512003 milestone, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland) not found
NY68362032 Moot Hall (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68411950 New House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68311937 Oak Bank (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68312015 Old Brewery (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY69051980 Old Hall (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68302024 Old Hall, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68331940 Parkinhill (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY67612154 Peg Sneddle's Trough (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68322029 Pinfold Cottage (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69131998 pinfold, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68111984 pinfold, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland) gone
NY68352031 post box, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68372077 post box, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68691984 Primrose Stone (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68602073 railway bridge, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69012034 railway bridge, Appleby (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69082046 railway bridge, Appleby (3) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69402008 railway bridge, Appleby (4) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69252002 railway bridge, Appleby (5) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69401970 railway bridge, Appleby (6) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68511975 Rhondda House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68912002 Rock House (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69011984 Rose Cottage (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68881989 Royal Oak Inn (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68572051 Sands Methodist Church (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68401977 Scattergate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68232047 Appleby School (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68602036 Appleby School (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68242042 Appleby School (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY6820 Sheepfold Centre (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68532041 Shire Hall (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68211907 Slosh (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68432043 St Lawrence's Bridge (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68861987 St Michael's Church (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68032027 St Nicholas's Hospital (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68041981 Tarka (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68332036 Tufton Arms Hotel (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68322041 war memorial, Appleby (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY69122009 war memorial, Bongate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68911988 war memorial, Bongate (2) (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68921947 Well Bank (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68322037 Spar shop (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY67712043 Whirly Lum (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68372026 White Hart Hotel (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68392030 White House, The (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68412027 White Rails (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68292039 Wiend House (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY689199 Bongate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68382027 Boroughgate (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68432020 Hospital of St Anne (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68471994 Appleby Castle (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY688198 Mill House (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68232058 Appleby Pool (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68182057 Appleby Flood Alleviation Scheme (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY681205 Water Marks (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
NY68332044 St Lawrence's Church (Appleby-in-Westmorland) L
NY68512042 Appleby Gaol (Appleby-in-Westmorland)
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