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placename:- Naworth Castle
locality:- Naworth
parish Brampton parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
castle
coordinates:- NY559625
10Km square:- NY56

1Km square NY5562

photograph

Naworth Castle (?) -- Naworth -- Brampton -- Cumbria / -- 16.1.2009
photograph

Naworth Castle (?) -- Naworth -- Brampton -- Cumbria / -- 16.1.2009

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Naworth Castle
Building and park.

placename:- Naworth Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 112:-
...
NAWORTH CASTLE.
Here, however, we should recommend the carriage to be sent up to the Castle, while the stranger pursues the banks of the Irthing by a footpath which leads to the right from the river up a deep ravine, whose steep sides wave with aged woods. The oaks are splendid, and the grey turrets and battlements of the Castle, seen in combination with them, impress the mind with feelings of solemn grandeur.
A short distance in front of the keep is a circular bastion or barbican. The keep stands a little in advance of the main body of the Castle, and over the archway are carved in bold relief the armorial bearings of the family. The Castle forms a complete quadrangle, the front being an extended curtain, battlemented, and connecting the two square and lofty towers at the angles. Having entered this through a small passage, you stand in the court-
Page 113:-
[court]yard, and those who have visited Cambridge or Oxford will be struck with its resemblance to some of the college quadrangles. On one side a flight of steps leads to the long ancient hall, in which are a succession of portraits of the English kings, and some rude wooden armorial emblems brought from Kirkoswald Castle, besides figures clad in plate armour, one in that belonging to Lord William Howard. The chapel is in another angle; its ceiling is adorned with the genealogical tree of the Dacres and Howards. Both the hall and chapel are lighted with perpendicular windows, whose mullions are embattled. The state drawing-room and bed-room, with their tapestried walls and decaying furniture, show the poor comfort that the nobles of old times enjoyed, compared with what even poor people possess at present. The gallery is enriched with a few portraits, and several good specimens of ancient armour. But the chief objects of curiosity are the apartments of Lord William Howard, which are entered through a small door-way, strongly barred by a massy iron door, having the pannels filled with oak, and strengthened with a couple of bolts of corresponding dimensions. One person at a time only can enter; then the stair-case winds spirally up to the oratory and study, similarly protected, and thus rendering the access still more difficult. His bed is still preserved, but sadly tattered and torn by persons anxious to possess some memorial of Belted Will, the severe but salutary scourge of a race of bold, reckless, murderous
Page 114:-
moss-troopers. His books, at least some of them, remain to show what his studies were in those intervals, which his important and busy and watchful situation as Lord Warden of the Marches allowed for such peaceful, soul-soothing pursuits. The ceiling is of massy oak, in plain intersecting pannels. The dungeons below are arched and without light; the rings still remain to which men, whose fierce untamed nature could not otherwise be subdued, or taught that there was neither honour nor glory in such wild raids and burnings, were chained and treated as the wild beasts of the forests. And the tourist will happily think how blessed he is, that his line has been thrown upon quiet waters and in such peaceful times, and under a constitution that both wills and enables every man to sit under his own vine, and eat with thankfulness the labour of his own hands. There are other apartments which are kept for the Earl of Carlisle and his family, whenever they visit this part of their possessions. The Castle is situated on the tongue of a precipice, surrounded on all sides by deep glens, except the front, from which the park extends up a gradually-rising ground, so that to the spectator approaching from Brampton it appears very low.

placename:- Naworth Castle
person:- : Howard Family
person:- : Dacre Family
person:- : Howard, William, Lord; Belted Will
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
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Neward [Cas]

placename:- Neward Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38321, button to large image
page 321-322
2 Miles on r. of Brampton is Naworth Castle, Earl of Carlisle.
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page 699-700
Between Temmon and Brampton, on r. is Naworth Castle, Earl of Carlisle.

placename:- Naworth Castle
person:- : Carlisle, Earl of
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 190:-
...
... The hall [Kirkoswald Castle] I have seen 100 yards long, and the great pourtraiture of king Brute, lying in the end of the roof of this hall, and of all his succeeding successors, kings of England, portraieted to the waist, their visages, hats, feathers, garbs, and habits, in the roof of this hall; now translated to Naward
Page 191:-
castle, where they are placed in the roof of the hall, and at the head thereof, where many of them still remain. ...

placename:- Naward Castle
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 204:-
...
Naworth, "a fair castle called the lord Davers," is still intire and inhabited, though not by the earl of Carlisle, whose property it is. It is large, and built round a square court, overhanging the river Irthing at a great height, with towers at each corner. Over the south gate and door are the arms of the Dacres and Howards. The rooms are numerous, ascended to by 16 staircases, the great hall 25 paces long by nine and a half, with a gallery at one end. The top and upper end painted on wood in squares with Saxon kings and heroes brought from Kirk Oswald castle, when it was demolished. Within this is another room hung with tapestry, with portraits of Anne of Cleves and the family. Lord William Howard's bed-room has his arms and motto over the chimney. His library is a small room in a very secret place high up in one of the towers well secured by doors and narrow staircases; not a book added since his time. In it is a vast case, three feet high, opening into three leaves, on which are pasted in six great pages an account of the foundation of Glastonbury abbey by Joseph of Arimathea, and a long history of saints with their indulgences. The roof is coarsely carved, the windows high, ascended by three stone steps. It is said lord William was very studious, and wrote much; and that once when he was thus employed, a servant announced the arrival of a prisoner, and asking what was to be done with him, his master, vexed at the interruption, peevishly bid him hang him, which order he wished to have recalled when he found it was executed. He constantly kept a garrison of 140 men here, and his severity was of great importance in this lawless tract. his dungeon consists of three dark apartments below, and one above up a long staircase all well secured. In the upper a ring to which criminals were chained, and the marks of many more. The gallery is 150 feet long. Close by the library is an antient oratory well secured, the cieling richly ornamented with coats of arms and carving painted and gilt. On one side a good painting on wood of the style of Lucas van Leyden, of the Scourging, Crucifixion, and Resurrection of Christ; also various sculptures in white marble. Here his lordship enjoyed his religion in privacy. The chapel is below stairs, the top and part of the sides painted in pannels like the hall, and with the crests and arms of the family to 1623 and 1644. On the ceiling a man with a genealogical tree, and under him Pictor MCXII. In the east window a knight and lady, with three escallops and chequè on their mantles. This castle is first mentioned 18 Richard II. It continued in the Dacres till the death of lord George 1569, whose sister married lord William Howard. It was again repaired by Charles Howard earl of Carlisle, who left the library in good order. The MSS. were enumerated in the Cat. Manuscriptorum Ang. & Hib. tom.II. p.14. chiefly relating to heraldry and English history, but not above one or two are now here. In the garden walls was fixed a collection of Roman inscriptions from the neighbourhood (this being the greatest receptacle in this county except that at Elenborough hall), which, when Dr. Stukeley was here, were neglected, and some even cut up to make gateposts. The remainder were given by the late earl to sir Thomas Robinson, and are now neglected and abused in the museum at Rookby, the seat of Bacon Morrit, esq. Among these are Horsley's Cumb. viii. ix. x. lviii. Others first published by Horsley, and not traceable since his time, when they were all much neglected, are Cumb. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. p.255. and an altar cut through the middle for a gate post, which never had an inscription. Bishop Gibson has copied Horsley's viii. ix. at Naworth, though Camden had given it at Burdoswald. Horsley takes no notice of the other two which he gives. We have copied from Horsley those in Pl.XIV. fig.2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.

placename:- Naworth castle
person:- : Davers, Lord
person:- : Dacre Family
person:- : Howard Family
person:- : Anne of Cleeves
person:- : Howard, William, Lord
person:- : Robinson, Thomas, Sir
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 176:-
...
... Naworth castle, now belonging to William Howard before-mentioned, who is repairing it, lately the barons Dacre, the last of whom dying a few years ago under age, his uncle Leonard who chose rather to carry on a war with his sovereign than a suit about the estate with his nieces, seized this castle, and levied a body of rebels against his prince, which lord
Page 177:-
Hunsdon, the warden, with the garrison of Berwic, easily dispered with great slaughter and disorder, Leonard himself escaping by flight. This last circumstance proved the security of their chief. ...

placename:- Naworth Castle
person:- : Howard, William, Lord
person:- : Dacre Family
person:- : Hunsdon, Lord
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 105:-
...
I do not find any ancient authors mention a castle here [Castlerigg], Speed, who speaks of twenty-five in Cumberland, hath found out every one I ever heard or knew of, except Kirkoswald; how that has escaped him I cannot tell. I shall here put down their names, and, as well as I can, their most ancient owners, and supposed founders.
...
Page 106:-
...
4. NAWORTH. Built by Hubert de Vallibus, and repaired by Ranulph de Dacre, now the Earl of Carlisle's.
...

placename:- Naworth Castle
person:- : Vallibus, Hugh de
person:- : Dacre, Ranulph de
person:- : Carlisle, Earl of
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P197, button   goto source.
... Naworth Castle, the Sea[t] of the Right Honourable Henry Howard, Earl of Carlisle. ...

placename:- Naworth Castle
person:- : Howard, Henry; Carlisle, Earl of
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY56, button   goto source.
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Naworth Castle
Circle, building with two towers.

placename:- Naworth Castle
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jenner 1643 -- presumably relevant

Table of distances and map, Cumberland, now Cumbria, scale about 21 miles to 1 inch, by Thomas Jenner, London, 1643.
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Naworth
circle

placename:- Naworth
date:- 1643
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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Naworth cast
circle, building, tower

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY56, button   goto source.
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Building with two towers, symbol for a castle.
Naworth cast:

placename:- Naworth Castle
county:- Cumberlandia
castle
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Naworth Castle in Cumberland from the South East, Brampton, Cumberland, by Robert Carlyle snr, 1791.
Included in an album The Antiquities of the City of Carlisle. View of Naworth Castle from the south on the site of the curent walled garden. Two men and two women with a dog are conversing and walking in open meadow in front fo the cstle beside two cattle. Beyond the castle Walton Wood can be seen and a cottage on the far right.
inscribed at bottom centre:-
NAWORTH CASTLE in CUMBERLAND from the S.E.
signed at bottom left:-
Drawn on the spot by Robert Carlile.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1791
period:- 18th century, late

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1251, button to large image
Drawing, Sculptures at Naworth, Nworth Castle, Cumberland, by Robert Carlyle snr, 1791.
Included in an album The Antiquities of the City of Carlisle. Drawing of four individual stone carved religious sculptures in Naworth Castle near Brampton.
inscribed at top centre:-
SCULPTURES at NAWORTH.
signed at bottom left:-
R.Carlile.del.
date:-
period:- 18th century, late

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Marble Sculptures in the Oratory at Naworth, Naworth Castle, Cumberland, by Robert Carlyle snr, 1791.
Included in an album The Antiquities of the City of Carlisle. Drawing of seven marble sculptures of religious figures in the oratory at Naworth Castle near Brampton.
inscribed at top centre:-
MARBLE SCULPTURES in the ORATORY at NAWORTH.
signed at bottom left:-
R.Carlile.del.
date:-
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
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Print, Naworth Chapel, attributed to Thomas Miles Richardson snr, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, 1820s-30s.
Chapel with slanting sunlight streaming through the windows to right of composition. A couple wearing seventeenth century dress stand conversing; the chapel is otherwise deserted.
inscribed at bottom left of paper:-
NAWORTH CHAPEL
date:- 1600=1699
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumbria, by Thomas Bushby, 1907.
View taken from road above Naworth Castle looking north with Naworth Castle in the middle distance and Lanercost and border hills beyond.
signed at bottom right:-
Thos: Bushby.1907
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old print:-
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Print, coloured, Belted Will at Naworth, Bampton, Cumberland, by Joseph W Simpson, 1924.
Belted Will, Lord Wiliam Howard, stands in profile wearing armour in front of Naworth Castle, near Brampton.
signed at bottom left on print:-
Simpson
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person:- : Howard, Lord William; Belted Will
date:-
period:- 1920s

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Lord Will Howard's Cradle, Gloves, Saddle etc, Scene in the Gallery, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1830s-40s.
A collection of seventeenth century objects. To left, a breastplate, halberd and sword lean against the panelled wall beside a cradle above which a pair of elaborately decorated gloves are suspended from a nail. A helmet lies on the cradle's hood. A pike and a saddle lie in front of it and to the right of the composition a padded stool stands in front of a further piece of armour hanging from a nail driven into the wall.
signed at bottom left:-
M Nutter
inscribed at bottom centre:-
Lord Will. Howard's Cradle, Gloves, Saddle etc. Scene in the Gallery
date:- 1830=1849
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Outside of the Strong Door Leading to Lord William Howard's Sleeping Room etc, from the Gallery, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1830s-40s.
Stone passageway with boarded floor and mullioned window to right; a sword and breastplate lean against the left hand wall. At the far end of the gallery stands an heavy door with iron ribs, ajar.
signed at bottom left:-
M Nutter
inscribed at bottom centre:-
outside of the Strong Door leading to Lord Wilm Howards Sleeping Room etc etc. from the Gallery
inscribed at bottom right:-
Door oak with Iron ribs and bolts
date:- 1830=1849
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Lord William Howard's Bed Room, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1830s-40s.
Sparsely furnished room with a fourposter bed standing in far right corner, a recessed casement window to its left. Larger window in an alcove to extreme right of composition; fireplace to left with a stool standing in front of it. The upper portion of the walls, above the panelling, is hung with tapestry.
signed at bottom left:-
M Nutter
inscribed at bottom centre:-
Lord Willm Howards Bed Room
date:- 1830=1849
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1087, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Inside of the Strong Door from near the Sleeping Room, The Stairs Leading to the Library etc, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1830s-40s.
signed at bottom left:-
M Nutter
date:- 1830=1849
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
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Drawing, Beech Trees in the Grounds of Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Lord Frederic Leighton, 1880.
upper - Study of the end of a slender branch with separate detailed study of a leaf to right.
central - Study of the base of a tree and its roots, standing in the midst of a wood.
lower - Study of the end of a slender branch with fainter study of a similar type beneath.
inscribed & dated at bottom right:-
Beech Naworth 80
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thumbnail PR1159, button to large image
date:- 1883
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR1185, button to large image
Print, Naworth Castle, by Paul Sandby Munn, engraved by Samuel Middiman, published 1800s-10s.
View of Naworth Castle in summertime. In the foreground stand three figures; a man cutting wood, a woman cayrying a basket, and a child accompanying her. In the middle distance stand the castle and its outbuildings; distant hills rise beyond.
inscribed at bottom left on print:-
Drawn by P.S. Munn
printed at bottom centre:-
NAWORTH CASTLE
inscribed at bottom right on print:-
Engraved by S. Middiman

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1800=1819
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Belted Will's Chapel, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Thomas Miles Richardson snr, about 1833?
Empty chapel with slanting sunlight streaming through the windows to left of composition.
signed at bottom left:-
TM Richardson Senr
inscribed at bottom right:-
Belted Will Howard's Chapel, Naworth Castle

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0985, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Samuel Bough, 1840-45?
Autumnal landscape; distant view of Naworth Castle seen from an elevated perspective at the summit of a wooded hill. The castle stands in silhouette to left of composition, the fading light of sunset glowing behind it.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1840=1845
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1025, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Naworth Castle Courtyard, Bramtpn, Cumberland, by Mary Howard, 1843.
Autumn; corner of the courtyard of Naworth Castle with stairs to main entrance to right. Creeper covers the wall of the hall.
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1036, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by William Henry Nutter, 1841.
Summertime; view of the avenue approaching Naworth Castle with three figures, two of them mounted, returning from the hunt with their dogs. A fourth figure stands in the archway of the gatehouse.
signed & inscribed & dated at bottom left:-
W.H.Nutter.Del.1841
inscribed at bottom right on mount:-
Naworth Castle Cumberland

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1841
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1082, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, Entrance Hall, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1830s-40s.
Stone flagged hall empty except for three partial suits of armour suspended above the fireplace to left of composition and benches ranged along both side walls. To right, six windows placed high in the wall. Elaborately carved and painted ceiling and painted wall at the far end of the hall. Looking east.
Before the fire of 1844.
signed at bottom left:-
M Nutter
inscribed at bottom centre:-
Entrance Hall Naworth Castle

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1830=1849
period:- 19th century, early

old painting:-
thumbnail PR1083, button to large image
Painting, watercolour, West End of the Entrance Hall, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Matthew Ellis Nutter, 1830s-40s.
Stone flagged hall empty except for three suits of armour standing at the far end and three small figures standing beneath a round headed arch to right of composition. To left, a doorway with two windows above it. Elaborately carved and painted ceiling.
Before the fire of 1844.
signed at bottom left:-
M Nutter
inscribed at bottom centre:-
West end of the Entrance Hall. Naworth Castle

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:-
period:- 19th century, early

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
NAWORTH CASTLE / / / BRAMPTON / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / I / 77855 / NY5599562585
courtesy of English Heritage
Castle and seat of the Earls of Carlisle. Probably late C13, first mentioned in 1323 (V.C.H. Cumberland p.255), licence to crenellate, 1335, granted to Ranulph de Dacre; additions c1520, for and by, Thomas Lord Dacre; further additions 1602 (date & initials W.H. on rainwater head), for Lord William Howard; Vanburgh designed music gallery and screen for 3rd Earl and may have been responsible for work on the kitchen offices; Colvin mentions work by C.H. Tatham for the 5th Earl; Salvin restored the north and east ranges after the fire of 1844. Calciferous and red dressed sandstone, lead and slate roofs, stone chimney stacks. Formerly: tower house (Dacre Tower) with south curtain wall; hall and chapel ranges with north-east angle gate tower (Lord William Howard's Tower) all altered c1520 and 1602; Morpeth Tower added to hall, 1845; C18 & C19 west and south range with Stanley Tower of 1881. East range living quarters of 2 storeys, 9 bays, has flanking 3 storey, one bay towers, with battlemented parapets to each. Small square headed mullioned windows with square leaded panes: large and small round headed mullioned windows to courtyard, have diamond leaded panes. South curtain wall has large C16 pointed arch, with recessed chamfered surround and large iron studded gates, giving access to large open courtyard; arms of Lord William Howard above. North range has external but engaged, Morpeth Tower of 2 storeys, 2 bays: hall of 2 storeys, 9 bays, has raised courtyard entrance, with carved stone panel of Dacre arms above. Square 2-light and round headed 3-light mullioned windows have diamond leaded panes. Battlemented parapet and 1982 slate roof, replacing 1845 lead (grant aided by Historic Buildings Council). West range, 3 storeys, 6 bays, is of similar details, formerly kitchens and servants'quarters, now let as flats.
Interior has wood panelled library and other panelled rooms by C.J. Ferguson, with painted gesso overmantel panel of The Battle of Flodden by Burne-Jones and Sir E. Boehm, 1882. Hall gutted by fire 1844, but retains large C16 fireplace with segmental head: wooden hammer beam roof by Salvin 1845. Lord William Howard's tower is supported on ribbed arches crossing the angle of the north-east walls. Lord William's chamber has timber ceiling, c1350, from Kirkoswald Castle, with moulded beams and bosses and panels filled with flowing tracery. The oratory contains part of a screen from Lanercost Priory with crocketed ogee panels and a German painting dated 1514, representing the Flagellation, Crucifixion and Resurrection. Dacre Tower has ground floor iron yett.
Transactions, Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, old series, iv, p.486-509
Country Life, 25 March 1911, p.414-22.

placename:- Naworth Castle
district:- Carlisle
listed building
coordinates:- NY55996258
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
WALLED GARDEN EAST OF NAWORTH CASTLE / / / BRAMPTON / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / II / 77858 / NY5609362537
courtesy of English Heritage
Garden walls. Probably C18, covering site of the filled moat. Calciferous and red sandstone rubble on 3 and partly 4 sides, 2 metres high, with semicircular corner projection to south-east.
district:- Carlisle
listed building -- walled garden -- garden wall
coordinates:- NY56096253
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
GATEHOUSE EAST OF NAWORTH CASTLE / / / BRAMPTON / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / I / 77856 / NY5600262565
courtesy of English Heritage
Gatehouse. Circa 1520, for and by Thomas Lord Dacre, with additions for Lord William Howard c1602 and probably restored by Salvin 1845. Earlier dressed calciferous sandstone to ground floor and red sandstone above with battlemented parapet. 2 storeys, 2 bays. Round arched entrance has large carved stone panel of Dacre arms above, flanked by small leaded casements with chamfered surrounds: similar similar windows to rear. Built as part of the early C16 outer bailey of the castle, between the moat and east range, replacing the earlier gate in Lord William Howard's Tower. For details of arms see, Transactions, Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society old series. iv. p.496-7.
district:- Carlisle
listed building -- gate house
coordinates:- NY56006256
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

descriptive text:- Gents Mag (1746)

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
On Monday the 11th [1745] the prince's lifeguards, as they were called, came to Naworth Castle the earl of Carlisle's seat, and I went to see them, they behaved in general with much complaisance and were well-dress'd, good-looking men: they were very solicitous to see a map of England, and I carry'd them one on Tuesday morning, to try if I could penetrate their intentions; but these were inscrutable; only I observed they made great enquiry about Wales, and afterwards about other places, artfully to disguise their aim; which however I am apt to think they scarce knew themselves.
The same morning [11.11.1745] capt. Hamilton, quarter-master general of the foot [rebels], came to Naworth, demanding billets for 6000 men: the guards look'd very blank at the proposal, and began to secure their portables, and I soon found what a nest of thieves we were going to have.
About noon several hundreds of a wretched, ill-looking, shabby crew pass'd by armed with targets, broad swords, muskets, &c. and seemed very angry if no deference was paid to their flag: that afternoon and all next day they spent in shooting sheep, geese, &c. and robbing on the highway: tho' their chiefs express'd great dissatisfaction at their proceedings, yet they dar'd not restrain them for fear of putting them out of humour. Betwixt that and the 16th, I had some of their hussars, an audacious, insolent, lying rabble, and on Saturday the 16th six of the officers of the M'Phersons, who were by far the civilest of theit foot, and pay'd for what they had in a genteel manner enough; ...
person:- : Carlisle, Earl of
person:- soldier : Hamilton
date:- 1745
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R224, button to large image
Courtyard, Naworth Castle, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J C Bentley, 1833.
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R207, button to large image
Naworth Castle, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by W le Petit, 1833.
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
thumbnail BGG114, button to large image
Print, engraving, Naworth, Brampton, Cumberland, by S Harrison, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.54 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
thumbnail BGG113, button to large image
Print, engraving, The Banqueting Hall, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, by Percy Robinson, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.53 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

descriptive text:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BMZ27, button to large image
Print, engraving, East View of Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland now Cumbria, late 18th century; with descriptive text:-
NAWORTH CASTLE, CUMBERLAND.
PLATE I.
THIS Castle is still entire. For the annexed account of it, and its furniture, I am indebted to Thomas Pennant, Esq. who permitted me to transcribe it from his memorandums. A visit I made to it in August, 1774, enables me to bear testimony to the faithfulness of the description, which here follows in his own words:
'Two miles from Brampton visit Naworth Castle, once belonging to the Dacres, afterwards the property (I think by marriage) of William Lord Howard, commonly known by the name of Bauld-Willey.
IT is a large pile, square, and built about a court. In the south side is a gateway, with the arms of the Dacres; over the door, those of the Howards. On the north, it impends over the river Irthing, at a great height; the banks shagged with wood. The whole house is a true specimen of ancient inconvenience, of magnificence and littleness; the rooms numerous, accessible by sixteen stair-cases, with most frequent and sudden ascents and descents into the bargain. The great hall is twenty-five paces long, by nine and a half broad; of a good height; has a gallery at one end, adorned with four vast crests, carved in wood; viz. a griffin and dolphin, with the scollops; an unicorn, and an ox with a coronet round his neck. In front, is a figure in wood of an armed man; two others, perhaps vassals, in short jackets and caps; a pouch pendant behind, and the mutilated remains of a Priapus to each; one has wooden shoes. These seem to be the Ludibrium Aulae in those gross days.
THE top and upper end of the room is painted in figures, to the number of 107, representing the Saxon kings and heroes. The chimney here is five yards and a half broad. Within this is another apartment, hung with old tapestry, a head of Anne of Cleeves; on one side of her, a small picture of a lady full-length, &c. and many others.
A long narrow gallery.
LORD William Howard's bed-room, arms and motto over the chimney. His library, a small room, in a very secret place, high up in one of the towers, well secured by doors, and narrow stair-case. Not a book has been added since his days, i.e. those of Queen Elizabeth. In it is a vast case, three feet high, which opens into three leaves, having six great pages pasted in, being an account of St. Joseph of Arimathea, and his twelve disciples, who founded Glastonbury; and at the end, a long history of saints, with the number of years or days for which each could grant indulgences.
THE roof is coarsely carved. The windows are high, and are to be ascended by three stone steps; such was the caution of the times. It is said Lord William was very studious, and wrote much; that once, when he was thus employed, a servant came to tell him that a prisoner was just brought in, and desired to know what should be done with him? Lord William, vexed at being disturbed, answered peevishly, Hang him. When he had finished his study, he called, and ordered the man to be brought before him for examination; but found that his orders had been literally obeyed. He was a very severe, but most useful man at that time, in this lawless place. His dungeon instills horror; it consists of four dark apartments, three below, and one above, up a long stair-case, all well secured; in the uppermost is one ring, to which criminals were chained, and the marks where many more have been.
CLOSE by the library is an ancient Oratory, most richly ornamented on the sides of the ceiling with coats of arms and carvings in wood, painted and gilt. On one side is a good painting on wood, in the style of Lucas Van Leyden; it represents the Flagellation of our Saviour, his Crucifixion and Resurrection. Here are also various sculptures in white marble: an abbess, with a sword in her hand; and several others. This place is well secured; for here Lord William enjoyed his religion in privacy.
THE chapel is below stairs; the top and part of the side are painted in pannels like the hall; and on one side are the crests and arms and pedigree of the Howards, from Fulcho to 1623 and 1644. Under a great sprawling figure of an old man, with a branch rising from him (on the ceiling) is written, Pictor, MDXII. On the great window, in glass, are represented a knight and a lady kneeling; on their mantles pictured these arms, three escallops and chequers.'
person:- : Dacre Family
person:- : Howard Family
person:- : Howard, William; Bauld-Willey
date:- 1760=1799
period:- 18th century, late

descriptive text:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BMZ28, button to large image
Print, engraving, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland now Cumbria, by DL, 1774; with descriptive text:-
NAWORTH CASTLE, CUMBERLAND.
PLATE II.
TRADITION says this castle was built by the Dacres, but by which of them is not ascertained. One of these, Robert de Dacre, from a quotation in Madox's History of the Exchequer, seems to have been sheriff of Cumberland, and another, Ranulph de Dacre, 14th. of Ed. 1st, constable of the tower.
THE first mention of this castle is in the reign of Richard 2d. when in the 18th of that reign, it appears from Madox's Baronia, that William de Dacre, son and heir of Hugh de Dacre, who was brother and heir of Ranulph de Dacre, held it, with the manor of Irchington, to which it belonged; also the manors of Burgh, near Sandes, Laysingby, and Farlham, and other lands, by the service of one entire barony, and of doing homage and fealty to the king, and of yielding to him for cornage at his exchequer at Carlile yearly, at the feast of the assumption of St. Mary, 51s. 8d. By what feofment, whether old or new, says Madox, does not appear; neither in what king's reign Ranulph de Dacre, ancestor of William here named, was feoff'd; but it is plain, some ancestor under whom Ranulph claimed, was enfeft to hold by barony.
IT continued in the family of the Dacres, till the year 1569, when on the 17th of May, according to Stowe, 'George Lord Dacre of Greystoke, sonne and heire of Thomas Lord Dacre, being a child in yeere's, and then ward to Thomas Lord Howard, Duke of Norfolk, was by a great mischaunce slayne at Thetford, in the house of Sir Richard Falmenstone, knight, by meane of a vauting horse of wood, standing within the same house; upon which horse, as he meant to have vauted, and the pinnes at the feet being not made sure, the horse fell upon him, and bruised the brains out of his head.'
IN the January following, Leonard de Dacre, Esq; of Horsley, in the county of York, second son to Lord William Dacre of Gilsland, being dissatisfied with a legal decision, by which his nieces were adjudged to succeed to the estate of their brother the Lord Dacre, whose tragical death was just here related; he entered into a rebellion, with design to carry off the Queen of Scots; but being disappointed by her removal to Coventry, and having the command of 3000 men, which he been entrusted to raise for the queen's service, he seized several castles, among which were those of Greystock and Naworth; but being attacked and defeated by Lord Hunsdon, at the head of the garrison of Berwick, he fled to Flanders, where he died.
THIS castle next came into the possession of Lord William Howard, the third son of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, in right of his wife Elizabeth, sister of George, the last Lord Dacre, beforementioned. In 1607, when Cambden visited it, it was under repair; and Bishop Gibson says, it was again repaired, and made fit for the reception of a family, by the Right Hon. Charles Howard, great grandson to the Lord William Howard beforementioned.
I shall here transcribe another description of this castle and furniture, sent me by a gentleman who viewed it anno 1732, which though it repeats many things mentioned in the former account, yet it has also diverse circumstances worthy observation, not there taken notice of.
'THIS is an ancient stone building; the front long, with a square tower at each angle; then you enter a court. In the noble hall, the pictures of Anglo-Saxon kings, and painted on wooden square panels, make the ceiling, and part of the wainscot at the further end of the room: they were brought from Kirk-Oswald castle when that was demolished. The chapel has a ceiling, and part of its wainscot of the same kind, being paintings of patriarchs, Jewish kings, &c. Here is also painted a genealogy of the family from Fulcho, with their arms. It has a floor of plaster of Paris, as have some other of the rooms. Some of the apartments are very large and spacious; the ceiling of one consists of small square panels of wood, black and white interchangeably; the white has two different carvings, the black is unwrought. The very little Popish chapel is above stairs; the inside work curiously carved and gilt; here are some small figures of the passion, &c. Joining to this chapel is the library, which has a good wooden roof; the books are old; there are not above one or two of the manuscripts here now. Vide Cat. Librorum M. S. Angl. & Hib. Tom 2d, p.14, &c. The Earl of Carlisle never lives here, but at Castle-Howard in Yorkshire. In the garden wall are stones with Roman inscriptions, collected probably from the Picts Wall; a general account of these stones is given in Horsley's Britannia Romana.'
CAMBDEN, who also mentions these stones, gives the following copy of some of their inscriptions. One is,
IVL. AVG. DVO. . M SILV. . VM
On another
.I. O. M .... II .AEL . DAC .. C.P ... EST VRELIVS. FA. L. S. TRIB. PET. VO. COS.
On a third,
LEG. II. AVG.
On a fourth,
COH. J. AEL. DAC. CORD. . ALEC . PER ...
THESE stones were, by the late Earl of Carlisle, given to Sir Thomas Robinson, who married his sister, and were by him removed to his museum in Rooksby.
This view, which represents the entrance to the castle, was drawn anno 1772.
person:- : Dacre Family
person:- : Howard Family
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Pennant 1773 (edn 1801)

Book, A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
thumbnail PEN624, button to large image
Print, engraving, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland, drawn by Moses Griffith, engraved by S Sparrow, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
Tipped in opposite p.173 of A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor, 1773, by Thomas Pennant.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Moses Griffith. Del / S Sparrow Sc / NAWORTH CASTLE / Pub June 1 1801 by Edw Harding 98 Pall Mall.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1801
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0134, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, Naworth Castle, Cumberland, by William Green, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.2 p.409 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.2, page 409. / NAWORTH CASTLE.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0187, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, The East View of Naworth Castle, Cumberland, about 1769.
Included in a set of castle pictures?
printed at bottom:-
The East View of Naworth Castle, in the County of Cumberland.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1769
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0200, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Naworth Castle, Cumberland, drawn by Thomas Hearne, engraved by J Landseer, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1816.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Hearne F.S.A. delt. / I. Landseer Engraver to the King sculp. / Naworth Castle. / London: Published March 7, 1816 by T. Cadell & W. Davies Strand.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1816
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0226, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Naworth Castle, Cumberland, drawn by Moses Griffith, engraved by S Sparrow, published by Edward Harding, 98 Pall Mall, London, 1801.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Moses Griffith Del. / S. Sparrow Sc. / NAWORTH CASTLE / Pub 1 June 1801, by Edw. Harding, 98 Pall Mall.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1801
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0227, button to large image
Print, hand coloured engraving, Naworth Castle in Cumberland, engraved by J G Wooding, published by Alexander Hogg, 16 Paternoster Row, London, 1790s?
printed at bottom right, centre:-
J. G. Wooding sculpt. / NAWORTH CASTLE in CUMBERLAND. Plate 1. / Published according to Act of Parliament, by Alexr. Hogg No.16 Paternoster Row.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1790=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0418, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph copy of an engraving? Naworth Castle, published by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1820.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.2 page 409. / NAWORTH CASTLE. / Published at Ambleside, by Wm. Green, 1820.

placename:- Naworth Castle
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0425, button to large image
Print, coloured lithograph, Naworth Castle, Cumberland, drawn by G Cattermole, engraved by W Walton, ?printed by M and N Hanhart, late 19th century.
Huntsmen with a deer in the foreground.
printed at bottom:-
G. Cattermole Delt. on Stone by W. Walton M & N Hanhart, Lithogrs. / NAWORTH CASTLE, CUMBERLAND

placename:- Naworth Castle
person:- huntsman
date:- 1880=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BMZ26, button to large image
Print, engraving, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland now Cumbria, engraved by J G Wooding, late 18th century?
date:- 1760=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BMZ25, button to large image
Print, engraving, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland now Cumbria, engraved by J G Wooding, late 18th century?
date:- 1760=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:- Lowther 1780s-90s

Scrapbook, 4 volumes, of descriptive texts, maps, and prints of views and coats of arms, for Westmorland and Cumberland, assembled by a member of the Lowther Family, late 18th early 19th century.
thumbnail BMZ29, button to large image
Print, engraving, Naworth Castle, Brampton, Cumberland now Cumbria, engraved by Sparrow, 1774.
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Naworth Castle (?) -- Naworth -- Brampton -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms on the entrance arch. -- 16.1.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Naworth Castle (?) -- Naworth -- Brampton -- Cumbria / -- Coat of arms of the Howard Family, on a signboard by the gate. -- 16.1.2009

notes curtain walls, tower, gateway, boathouse, moat
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plans and illustrations

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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