button to main menu  Capper's Topographical Dictionary 1808

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     BRAMPTON, a market town and parish in Eskdale ward, Cumberland, 7 miles from Carlisle, and 311 from London; containing 339 houses and 1682 inhabitants, of whom 136 were returned as being employed in various trades. This is a very ancient town, and was formerly a Roman station, of considerable note in the second and third century. It is still the capital of the barony of Gillsland, belonging to the earl of Carlisle; and the town courts are held here twice a year. It is irregularly built, stands low and uneven on a sandy soil by the river Irthing, near its junction with the Gelt, 1 mile below the Picts Wall. It has an hospital for six poor men, and six poor women. Two miles distant stands Naward castle, the seat of the earls of Carlisle. There are several good paintings in it, brought from Kirkoswald castle when the latter was demolished. It was built in the reign of Henry III. and in the walls of the garden were stones with various Roman inscriptions; but they have been removed to sir Thomas Robinson's museum at Rooksby. It has a good market on Tuesday, and an inferior one on Saturday; and two fairs, on the second Wednesday after Whitsunday, and the second Wednesday in September, noted for the sale of black cattle and sheep. The living is a vicarage, value 8 l. in the patronage of the earl of Carlisle. - Hutchinson's Cumberland.
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