button to main menu  Old Cumbria Gazetteer
included in:-  

 road, Windermere to Penrith
 road, Ambleside to Penrith
road, Patterdale to Penrith
Patterdale to Penrith
Penrith to Patterdale
civil parish:-   Patterdale (formerly Westmorland)
civil parish:-   Matterdale (formerly Cumberland)
civil parish:-   Dacre (formerly Cumberland)
civil parish:-   Barton (formerly Westmorland)
civil parish:-   Sockbridge and Tirril (formerly Westmorland)
civil parish:-   Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (formerly Westmorland)
civil parish:-   Penrith (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   road route
10Km square:-   NY31
10Km square:-   NY42
10Km square:-   NY52

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published by Abel Swale, the Unicorn, St Paul's Churchyard, Awnsham, and John Churchill, the Black Swan, Paternoster Row, London, 1695.
Double line. 
item:-  JandMN : 24
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
Double line. 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.59
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
"F. A. to P. 23'4"
'From Ambleside to Penrith 23 miles 4 furlongs' 
double line; road; main road, with mile numbers 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Images © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P162, button  goto source
Page 162:-  "The higher end of the lake [Ullswater] is fourteen miles from Penrith, and ten from Ambleside, of good turnpike road, save only at Styboar-crag, where it is cut into the rock that awfully overhangs it, and is too narrow."

evidence:-   old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Ull) 
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Accurate Map of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, scale about 3 inches to 1 mile, by Peter Crosthwaite, Keswick, Cumberland, 1783, version published 1800.
"Road from Penrith to Ambleside, 24 Miles viz. the lower end of the Lake is 5 Miles from Penrith in the N.E. &the upper end 11 Miles from Ambleside which bears South from it."
item:-  Armitt Library : 1959.191.7
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Gilpin 1786 (?edn) 
source data:-   Print, oval sepia tinted aquatint, Ulleswater or Ullswater, Westmorland and Cumberland, by William Gilpin, 1772-74, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1786.
image  click to enlarge
Included in vol.2 opposite p.53 in Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, made in the year 1772. 
The list of plates in the preface of the book has:-  "XVIII. This print illustrates that kind of scenery, which is presented by Ulleswater. It is, by no means, a portrait: but it gives some idea of the view towards Patterdale, in which the rocky promontory on the left, and the two woody promontories on the right, are conspicuous features."
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2008.107.425
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Gilpin 1786
source data:-   Book, Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1772, on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, by Rev William Gilpin, 1772-74; published 1786-1808.
image GLP4q056, button  goto source
vol.2 p.56  "..."
"Having spent some time in examining this very inchanting scene, we skirted the lake towards Patterdale, on a tolerable road, which runs from one end of it to the other: on the south it is continued to Ambleside; on the north to Penrith. I call it a tolerable road; but I mean only for horses. It has not the"
image GLP4q057, button  goto source
vol.2 p.57  "quartering and commodious width of a carriage road."
"As we left Gobray-park, we took our rout along the margin of the first of those woody promontories on the right. We were carried by the side of the lake, through close lanes, and thick groves: yet not so thick, but that we had every where, through the openings of the trees, and windings of the road, views in front, and on the right, into woody recesses; some of which were very pleasing: and on the left, the lake, and all it's distant furniture, broke frequently upon us."
image GLP4q083, button  goto source
vol.2 p.83  "..."
"I cannot leave the scenes of Ulleswater, without taking notice of an uncommon fish, which frequents it's waters; and which is equally the object of the naturalist, and of the epicure. It is of the trout-species; beatifully clad in scales of silver; firm, and finely"

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P022, button  goto source
Page 22:-  "..."
"WE will next proceed towards Ulswater, being the first Lake on the Cumberland side of Emont, distant from Penrith 5 1-half miles. The road is extremely pleasant, winding along the banks of the Emont, through a pleasing scene of culture, and exhibiting at almost every step a new and striking landscape. A little beyond the second mile-post there is, on the left-hand of the road, an ancient cairn, said to have been raised over a Roman General who was interred here, ..."
image CL13P039, button  goto source
Page 39:-  "..."
"It makes an agreeable variety to return to Penrith down the Westmorland side of the river, and more so, as the distance is nearly equal. One small inconvenience there is indeed, I mean the number of cross roads; but by the help of my plan, No.3 there is no danger of losing the road. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ullswater) 
source data:-   Map, A Map of the Lake Ullswater and its Environs, scale about 6.5 ins to 1 mile, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland and in London etc, 1787.
"Road to Penrith"
item:-  private collection : 10.4
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Green 1810
item:-  echoes
source data:-   Set of prints, soft ground etchings, Sixty Studies from Nature, by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, drawn 1808-10, published 1810.
image GN14p110, button  goto source
page 110:-  "Penrith, it will be conveniently seen on their progress from that place to Ambleside, which is twenty-four miles; eighteen or nineteen of this ride (from Penrith to Brother Water) are by turns beautiful and sublime."
image GN14p112, button  goto source
page 113:-  "..."
"Nothing can exceed the dresses and the decorations of this sublimity; the whole space from Gow-barrow to the inn at Patterdale is one rich scene of vegetation; oak, ash, birch, alder, and other trees of stately growth, and in the wildest luxuriance, undulating, and impending over the rocky protuberances every where starting from the mountains, render this the loveliest ride amongst the lakes."
"Those who post through this country see little: Many travellers would fly as on "the wings of the wind," unless opposed by such stubborn bits of stuff as Kirkstone and the Raise, or by Whinlatter: with how much more of refined pleasure would a tour be per-"
image GN14p114, button  goto source
page 114:-  "[per]formed, were they occasionally to alight and "range the fields," either as directed, or at pleasure, where, on some commanding knoll, they might watch the progress of the clouds upon the face of the mountains, or their inverted summits as reflected in the crystal mirror; or see the declining sun with his warm rays, gilding the rocks and trees, which, gradually losing their brilliant hues, sink, at length, into complete obscurity."
"What enjoyment can be derived by such as, lolling in their coaches or their chariots, are confined to the vision of their windows! Many so bevehicled have passed from Keswick to Ambleside, and from Ambleside to Penrith, uniformly leaving the finest views behind them."
"A sociable is a better conveyance, unless it be on the barouche seat, than a coach or a post-chaise; and as heavy carriages are unfit for rough roads"
page 115:-  "the lake innkeepers ought to accommodate their guests with, not only sociables, but carts on the sociable construction; the carts to be drawn by single horses, and managed by drivers well acquainted with the country."
"Human ingenuity cannot devise a method by which the monotonies of life would be more pleasantly diversified than by such occasional jaunting: On any little eminence, a tent might be planted in a moment, and from the larder and bins of the cart refreshment procured; at the pleasure of the party, plaintive solos on the clarionet or flute would have a fine effect among the rocks, which, during intervals of rest, would echo back in soft reverberation, the melancholy notes, and produce on the mind an union of the most pleasing sensations."
"For such excursions, ten or twelve hours would be little enough for most people."
image GN14p118, button  goto source
page 118:-  "[there is a plea]sant road up the southern side of Ulls Water, from Powley Bridge to Patterdale, but this is only a horse and foot-road; it is not, however, a very safe horse road under Place Fell."

evidence:-   old text:- Green 1814
source data:-   Set of prints, soft ground etchings, Sixty Small Prints, with text, A Description of a Series of Sixty Small Prints, by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1814.
image GN09p29, button  goto source
page 29:-  "... Nothing can exceed the dresses and decorations of this sublimity; the whole space from Gowbarrow to the Inn at Patterdale is one rich scene of vegetation; oak, ash, birch, alder, and other trees of stately growth, and in the wildest luxuriance, undulating and impending over the rocky protuberances every where starting from the mountains, render this the loveliest ride among the lakes."
"... ..."
image GN09p33, button  goto source
page 33:-  "From the Inn at Patterdale, which is at the head of Ulls Water, to the Inn at Powley Bridge at its foot, it is ten miles; Powley Bridge is five miles from Penrith, ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P009, button  goto source
Page 9:-  "The only carriage road lies on the north-west side of the water [Ullswater], sometimes on a level with its surface and commanding an unobstructed view; at other times deeply shaded in ancient woods, permitting only occasional glimpses of the lake; ..."
image OT01P112, button  goto source
Page 112:-  "Ullswater may be visited from Penrith, going either by Eamont Bridge and Tirrel, or by Dalemain, to the Inn at Pooley Bridge; with carriages the former road is generally preferred."
"... the carriage may be driven along the side of the lake, by Watermillock, and through Gowbarrow Parks, by Lyulph's Tower to the inn at Patterdale, 15 miles."
image OT01P136, button  goto source
image OT01P137, button  goto source
Page 137:-  "... after entering Gowbarrow Park, the prospect of Ullswater is presented in one of its richest points of view. Airey Force and Lyulph's Tower lie a little to the left, and it is then five miles of delightful road to the inn at Patterdale. Some who travel in carriages, go from Keswick to Pooley Bridge, and thence to Penrith or Ambleside; but the want of post-horses at Pooley Bridge is sometimes felt as an inconvenience."
Miles. Miles.
6 Gowbarrow Park 17
5 Patterdale 22
Return the same way; or
10 Pooley Bridge 32
6 Penrith 38

evidence:-   old map:- Ford 1839 map
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Map of the Lake District of Cumberland, Westmoreland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, and by R Groombridge, 5 Paternoster Row, London, 3rd edn 1843.
item:-  JandMN : 100.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s
source data:-   Photograph, black and white, on the road at Stybarrow Crag by Ullswater, Patterdale, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
image  click to enlarge
item:-  Armitt Library : ALPS435
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s
source data:-   Photograph, sepia, Stybarrow Crag, Patterdale, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
image  click to enlarge
item:-  Armitt Library : ALPS382
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   gradient diagram:- Gall and Inglis 1890s-1900s (Roads) 
source data:-   Contour Road Book of England, Northern Division, by Harry R G Inglis, published by Gall and Inglis, 25 Paternoster Square, London and Edinburgh, 1898.
image  click to enlarge
Itinerary, with gradient diagram, route 177, Penrith to Windermere, and route 178, Penrith to Keswick, Westmorland and Cumberland, 1898. 
item:-  JandMN : 763.14
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evidence:-   old strip map:- Rumney 1899
source data:-   Road map, strip map, gradient diagram, and itinerary for Route XIII, The Ullswater Round from Keswick, Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
image  click to enlarge
On p.48 of the Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney. 
printed at top:-  "Route XIII."
item:-  JandMN : 147.17
Image © see bottom of page

places:-   direct route 
 Pooley Bridge, Barton
 Dalemain, Dacre

places:-   Route via Eamont Bridge, A5320 

 Pooley Bridge, Barton
 Eamont Bridge, Eamont Bridge

places:-   alternative route, S side of Ullswater 
 Howtown, Martindale
 Pooley Bridge, Barton

NY47962691 milestone, Dacre (Dacre)
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