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placename:- Windermere to Ambleside
other name:- Ambleside to Windermere
other name:- A591
parish Windermere parish, once in Westmorland
parish Lakes parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
road; route
10Km square:- SD49
10Km square:- NY40
10Km square:- NY30
road code:- Wndr=Ambl
suffix:- WtoA

photograph

Windermere to Ambleside -- Windermere and Lakes -- Cumbria / -- Map on the side of a bus, at Ambleside bus stance. -- 21.4.2008
photograph

Windermere to Ambleside -- Windermere and Lakes -- Cumbria / -- Map on the back of a bus, near Lowwood. -- 3.5.2011

old map:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
thumbnail EJB3WtoA, button to large image
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

source:- Burrow 1920s

Road strip maps with parts in Westmorland, Cumberland etc, now Cumbria, irregular scale about 1.5 miles to 1 inch, by E J Burrow and Co, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, 1920s.
[from Windermere] ... The road runs close beside the lake to its northern end at Ambleside, with Langdale Pikes, showing up as the outstanding element in the glorious mountain country ahead. Across the lake to the left rise such famous peaks as Coniston Old Man (2,633 feet); farther away and more to the north the loftier forms of Scafell Pike (3,210 feet) and Scafell (3,162 feet). But closer at hand, right upon our course, is the beauty spot of Low Wood, on the shore of the lake, where steamers embark passengers for trips down the long narrow lake. ...

date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old map:- Prior 1874 map 1

Map, Winander Mere, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1874.
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double line; road
date:- 1874
period:- 19th century, late; 1870s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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double line, bold light, major road
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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A to K 13 1/2 Ms.
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Distance Kendal to Ambleside; the old road ignores Windermere, which didn't much exist.
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 160:-
...
VII. KENDAL TO AMBLESIDE.- 13½ M.
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P005, button   goto source.
Page 5:-
... All the way, ... to the head of the lake, the views are excellent; and every rising ground affords something new in the combination. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
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though no Windermere, double line, light dark solid; road
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 317-318
LONDON to Cockermouth and Workington
part of
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road map:- Cary 1790 (Wmd/edn 1792)

Map, Westmoreland, now Cumbria, scale about 11.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, 181 Strand, London, 1790; published 1790-1828.
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no Windermere shown double line, with road distances from Kendal
date:- 1790
period:- 18th century, late; 1790s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Windermere N)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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To Kendale
road
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Gilpin 1786

Guide book, Observations, Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty, Made in the Year 1772, on Several Parts of England, Particularly the Mountains, and Lakes of Cumberland Westmoreland, by Rev William Gilpin, 1772-74; published 1786-1808.
vol.1 p.134
...
... From Ambleside we set out for Bowness, to take a view of the lake. Part of the road we had traversed, the day before, from Kendal; and were a second time amused by the woody landscape it afforded: and it's sudden, interrupted openings to the lake, before the whole burst of that magnificent scene was presented. ...
date:- 1786
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old print:- Middiman 1784-92

Set of prints, Select Views in Great Britain, by various artists, engraved and published by Samuel Middiman, 3 Grafton Street, Tottenham Court Road, and others, London, 1784-92.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, View at Ambleside, Westmorland, painted by C Powel, engraved and published by Samuel Middiman, London, 1786.
There is accompanying text in English and French:-
PLATE XXII. / VIEW at AMBLESIDE, WESTMORELAND. / THE annexed View is taken on the road from Winandermere, within a few Yards of Ambleside Turnpike, and not far distant from that represented in the preceding Plate. / From Ambleside to Keswick, is about Sixteen Miles of excellent Road; the Hills through which it leads are not difficult of Ascent, being mostly fine Sheep Walks, and well turfed. A variety of Mountain Prospects present themselves in this Tour; and the Waterfalls that appear successively, either trickling down the gray Rocks, or pouring from the Mountains in foaming Torrents, are not to be equalled in so small a Tract of Country.
date:- 1785
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Win/Ble)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT9NY30S, button to large image
double line
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double line
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double line
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To Low-wood and Ambleside
double line, and turning
to Troutbeck
thumbnail CT9SD49E, button to large image
double line, turnings labelled
to Troutbeck
to Kendal
thumbnail CT9SD49D, button to large image
double line, turning lakeside south of Bowness
thumbnail CT9SD49C, button to large image
to Kendal
double line, and other roads to Ferry Nab, and to the lakeside road, which is labelled
to Cartmel
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P073, button   goto source.
Page 73:-
From Bowness to Ambleside is six miles, along the side of the lake [2]. On the top of
[2] The Low-Wood Inn, ...
image WS21P074, button   goto source.
Page 74:-
an eminence, a little behind Rayrig, there is a fine view of the northern extremity of the lake. As you proceed along the banks, every step has importance, and the prospect becomes more and more august, exhibiting much variety of Appenine grandeur. Langdale-pikes, that guard the pass into Borrowdale on this side of the Yoak, and spiral Hill-bell; the overhanging crags of lofty Rainsbarrow; the broken ridge of Redscrees, Fairfield, and Scrubby-crag (on whose precipitous front the eagle builds his nest, secure from the envious shepherds of the vale) with a chaos of other nameless mountains, are all in sight.
image WS21P212, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 212:-
...
[from Ambleside to Windermere]... The road in general fine turnpike, but some parts (about three miles in all) not made, yet without danger.
For this determination I was unexpectedly well rewarded; for the afternoon was fine, and the road for the space of full five miles, ran along the side of Windermere, with delicious views across it, and almost from one end to the other. ...
image WS21P213, button   goto source.
Page 213:-
... The way rises continually, till a place called Orrest-head where it turns south-east, losing sight of the water. ...
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
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double line; road, bold, main road, with mile numbers
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Kitchin 1767 (plate 84)

Road book with strip road map maps, Kitchin's Post Chaise Companion, by Thomas Kitchin, published by Robert Sayer, 53 Fleet Street, John Bowles, Cornhill, and Carington Bowles, St Paul's Church Yard, London, 1767.
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date:- 1767
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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double line, solid, road distance
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double line, solid, road distance
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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The Road from Kendal to Cockermouth - from Kendal on past Keswick, Cumberland. Places labelled are:-
... 10 ... Winandermere Water on the left ... 13 / Ambleside, The Hall / 14 ...
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 259)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
Plate 259 has the title cartouche for:-
The Roads from KENDAL to COCKERMOUTH, &c. Containing 32 Comp. and 43'7 measd. Miles &c.
and a table of distances, computed and measured miles in miles'furlongs, which includes, from Kendal:-
...
Ambleside 10 / 13'3
...
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

(The road from Bowness to Ambleside.)
Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
Thence [Bowness] I rode almost all the waye in sight of this great water [Windermere]; some tymes I lost it by reason of the great hills interposeing and so a continu'd up hill and down hill and that pretty steep even when I was in that they called bottoms, which are very rich good grounds,
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96WtoA, button   goto source.
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date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, early; 1670s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

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Photograph, near Waterhead, Ambleside, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s?
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
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single line, solid; minor road; Applethwaite, Ambleside
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
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double line

county:- Westmorland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

old road map:- Rumney 1899

Guide book, The Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
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Road map, strip map, gradient diagram, and itinerary for Route I, Kendal to Keswick, Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
On p.14 of the Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney.
printed at top:-
Route I.
date:- 1899
period:- 19th century, late

old road map:- Rumney 1899

Guide book, The Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
thumbnail RUM104, button to large image
Road map, strip map, gradient diagram, and itinerary for Route II, Levens Bridge to Ambleside via Lindale, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
On p.19 of the Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney.
printed at top:-
Route II.
date:- 1899
period:- 19th century, late

places
mapping:- Windermere
Troutbeck Bridge, Windermere
Low Wood Hotel, Lakes
Ambleside

route segments
mapping:- Kndl=Cckr:m010

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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