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placename:- Greta, River
parish Keswick parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
parish St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn parish, once in Cumberland
parish Underskiddaw parish, once in Cumberland
river
coordinates:- NY2924
10Km square:- NY22

1Km square NY2924

photograph

Greta, River -- Keswick and St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn etc -- Cumbria / -- At the railway bridge. -- NY29872473 (at) -- The join of the Glenderaterra and Glenderamackin rivers. -- 17.2.2007

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY32, button to large image
Greta R.
wiggly line, river

placename:- Greta, River
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Greta R.

placename:- Greta River
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 59:-
...
THE GRETA.
There is not a more interesting walk than up this river, which presents splendid views of Blencathra as you follow the stream up its course. Downwards there is an attractive picture, the cotton-mill being in front, whilst over a bend of the stream, flanked by woods, are seen the distant mountains of Newlands.

placename:- Greta
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P040, button   goto source.
Page 40:-
...
The river issuing from Thirlmere, commonly called St. John's beck, ... the one from Mungrisdale by Threlkeld Glenderamakin; after their junction it takes the name of Greta, and receives the Glenderaterra from between Skiddaw and Saddleback; passing Keswick, it joins the Derwent, shortly after that river leaves the lake. In heavy rains the Greta sometimes rises so suddenly that it inverts the stream of the Derwent, so that the lake is for a short time literally filled from all quarters. ...
...
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Page 149:-
That rock of granite which seems best entitled to the distinction of primitive, may be seen denudated in the bed of the river Caldew, near the north-east side of Skiddaw; and in a branch of the river Greta, between Skiddaw and Saddleback, about 1400 feet above the level of the sea. This granite is of a grey kind, composed of quartz, white felspar, and black mica. It is traversed in various directions by veins of quartz; in some of which, molybdena, apatite, tungsten, wolfram, and other minerals have been found.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY22, button   goto source.
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placename:- Greta River

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 317-318
Cross the Greta River.
twice
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page 733-734
Cross the Greta River

placename:- Greta, River
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 62:-
... descend the hill; the road winds along the banks of the river Greeta, which contains the waters of Trout-Beck, Glendower-Meckine, Wanthwaite-Beck, Glendoweratera and Naddle-Beck. This river (which is here a very considerable stream) has its bottom covered with very large stones, under which fish of various kinds take shelter; here they are secure from nets, and afford excellent diversion to the angler. Salmon follow the course of this river as far as Flaskeu, so that it is well stocked with smelts, brandlings, and salmon-trouts. There are also taken in this river large quantities of what they call here Bass-bruid, from their resemblance to the perch, or bass; this fish is seldom more than three inches in length, and sometimes caught in the quantity of two or three pecks by one single person.
...

placename:- Greeta, River
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Der)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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running into the Derwent
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RIVER GREETA
river

placename:- Greeta, River
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY22, button   goto source.
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placename:- Greeta River
river
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Der)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
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Greata R.
river
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P106, button   goto source.
Page 106:-
[from Latrigg] ... Below you, rolls the Greta, and, in its course, visits the town before it joins the Derwent, where it issues from the lake, and then their united streams are seen meandering through the vale till they meet the floods of Bassenthwaite, under the verdant skirts of Wythop brows.
...
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Page 108:-
...
Return to the gate [from Latrigg], and enter the inclosure. Proceed, as soon as you can, to the right, having the wall at some distance, till you arrive at the brink of a green precipice; there you will be entertained with the noise of the rapid Greta (roaring through a craggy channel) that, in a run of two miles, exhibits an uncommon appearance, forming twelve or more of the finest bends and serpentine curves that ever fancy pencilled. The point for viewing this uncommon scene, is directly above the bridge, which hangs gracefully over the river.
...
image WS21P110, button   goto source.
Page 110:-
... [from the front of Mr. Wren's house] A river is seen on both sides of the vale, lengthening its course in meanders, till it meets Threlkeld-water, or Glenderamackin-beck, at New-bridge, where it takes the name of Greeta. This picture is improved at the brow of the hill, on the western side of the house. Here the Greeta is seen from the bridge, running under the hill where you stand, and on the right, coming forth in a fine deep-channelled stream, between steep wooded banks.
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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wiggly line, into the Derwent
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Smith 1751

Map of the Black Lead Mines in Cumberland, and area, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by George Smith, published in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1751.
thumbnail GM13b, button to large image
Greata R.
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Greata River
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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a Wood Br. over Thurlemire Flu
On far side of Keswick.

placename:- Thurlemire Flu.
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY22, button   goto source.
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county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
two lines cross a stream; bridge
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
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tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m025, button   goto source.
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In mile 29, Cumberland.
Thurlmire fluv:
alongside the right of the road then crossing under:-
a Wood bridg
no bridge drawn; tributary to the River Derwent.

placename:- Thurlmire Fluvius
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
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Double wiggly line, tapering to single.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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double line with stream lines, runs into the Derwent
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY22, button   goto source.
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county:- Cumberlandia
river
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old print:- Pyne 1853

Set of prints, The English Lake District, or Lake Scenery of England, scenes painted by James Barker Pyne, lithographed by W Gauci, published by Thomas Agnew and Sons, Manchester, 1853; published 1853-70.
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Vale of Keswick, Bassenthwaite Lake and the River Greta
Drawn by James Barker Pyne, 1848-1853, lithographed by T Picken, 1859.

placename:- Greta, River
date:- 1848=1853
period:- 19th century, early; 19th century, late; 1840s; 1850s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.44)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, Keswick, from Greta Bridge, Cumberland, drawn by H Gastineau, engraved by W le Petit, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1833.
vol.1 pl.44 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
H. Gastineau. / W Le Petit. / KESWICK, FROM GRETA BRIDGE. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1833.
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Farington 1816 (plate 33)

Set of prints, 43 engravings, The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland, drawings by Jospeph Farington, with text by Thomas Hartwell Horne, published by T Cadell, and W Davies, Strand, and by J M'Creery, Black Horse Court, Fleet Street, London, 1816.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, Saddleback and the River Rothay (the Greta), drawn by Joseph Farington, engraved by W Woolnoth, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1815.
Plate 33 in The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland and Cumberland ... with text by Thomas Hartwell Horne:-
SADDLEBACK AND THE RIVER GRETA. / ... this mountain, at whose foot flows the little river Greta, which adds much to the picturesque effect of the scenery. ...
printed at bottom:-
... Saddleback and the River Rothay. ...
date:- 1815
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Goodwin 1887 (edn 1890)

Set of prints, etchings? 56 views in Westmorland, Cumberland, etc, by Harry Goodwin, published by Swan Sonnenschein and Co, Paternoster Square, London, 1890.
thumbnail PR1618, button to large image
Print, etching? The River Greta, Keswick, Cumberland, by Harry Goodwin, published by Swan Sonnenschein and Co, Paternoster Square, London, 1890.
Tipped in opposite p.228 of Through the Wordsworth Country, by William Knight.
printed at lower right:-
The Greta Keswick

placename:- Greta, The
date:- 1886
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0494, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Bridge over the Greta, Keswick, Cumberland, by ?B Foster, engraved by E Evans, 1850s-60s?
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
[B] Foster / E. EVANS SC. / BRIDGE OVER THE GRETA - KESWICK

placename:- Greta
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0151, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Greta Hall and Keswick Bridge, Cumberland, drawn by W Westall, engraved by E Francis, about 1830s?
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by W. Westall, A.R.A. / Engraved by E. Francis. / GRETA HALL AND KESWICK BRIDGE.
date:- 1830=1839
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1809

thumbnail GN0368, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, Keswick from the Greta, Cumberland, by William Green, published by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, and Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme, Paternoster Row, London, 1809.
Plate 68 in Seventy Eight Studies from Nature.
printed in introductory pages to set of prints:-
Number 68. The source of the Greta is Leathes Water, from which it runs through St. John's vale, by Threlkeld to Keswick, and joins the Derwent at Portinscale. The view of Keswick here given, is from the road to Penrith, near the Turnpike-gate; ...
printed at bottom:-
KESWICK FROM THE GRETA. / Published Ambleside, Augst. 1st. 1809, by W. Green.

placename:- Greta
date:- 1809
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1809

thumbnail GN0369, button to large image
Print, soft ground etching, The River Greta near Keswick, Cumberland, by William Green, published by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, and Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme, Paternoster Row, London, 1809.
Plate 69 in Seventy Eight Studies from Nature.
printed in introductory pages to set of prints:-
Number 69. The Weir, which causes a supply of water for the town's Corn Mill, may be observed in this and the preceeding print; and as this view is up the river, the station to take it from will consequently be nearer Keswick than that for the former one: the Mill is beyond the building in ruins.
printed at bottom:-
THE RIVER GRETA NEAR KESWICK. / Published Ambleside, Augst. 1st. 1809, by W. Green.

placename:- Greta, River
date:- 1809
period:- 19th century, early

hearsay Peter Crosthwaite's diary 10 June 1785 notes:-
Soon this morning found six musical stones at the end of Long Tongue
in the bed of the River Greta; the stones were perfectly in tune. After another six months of finds, and some chipping away to put things in tune, he had two octaves for a lithophone.
: 1877=1878; Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature: part 3: p.155

button   bridge, Keswick (2)
button   Briery Bobbin Mill, Keswick
button   footbridge, Keswick
button   Forge Bridge, Keswick
button   Greta Bridge, Keswick
button   Greta Bridge, Keswick (2)
button   Keswick Bridge, Keswick
button   railway bridge, Briery (2)
button   railway bridge, Brundholme
button   railway bridge, Brundholme (2)
button   railway bridge, Brundholme (3)
button   station, River Greta
button   Threlkeld Bridge, Threlkeld

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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