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 road, Ambleside to Ravenglass
road, Skelwith Bridge to Ravenglass
Skelwith Bridge to Ravenglass
Ravenglass to Skelwith Bridge
civil parish:-   Skelwith (formerly Lancashire)
civil parish:-   Dunnerdale-with-Seathwaite (formerly Lancashire)
civil parish:-   Ulpha (formerly Cumberland)
civil parish:-   Eskdale (formerly Cumberland)
civil parish:-   Muncaster (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   route
10Km square:-   NY30
10Km square:-   NY20
10Km square:-   NY10
10Km square:-   SD19

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
"From White Haven"
double line; road, with mile numbers 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Images © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old map:- Cary 1789 (edn 1805) 
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, London, 1789; edition 1805.
"from Whitehaven"
road or track 
item:-  JandMN : 129
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Green 1814
source data:-   Set of prints, soft ground etchings, Sixty Small Prints, with text, A Description of a Series of Sixty Small Prints, by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1814.
image GN09p23, button  goto source
page 23:-  "..."
"The head of the lake [Wast Water], in a straight line, is about fourteen miles north-west of Ambleside; but its approach from Ambleside ... is either difficult or circuitous."
"The best pedestrian road from Ambleside to the foot of Wast Water is over Hardknott and Wrynose, and through the vale of Esk, by Santon Bridge to Nether Wasdale, which is about 22 miles; ..."
image GN09p24, button  goto source
page 24:-  "..."
"The horse-road from Ambleside is over Hardknott and Wrynose to Santon Bridge, as before, ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P103, button  goto source
"... The road ... After passing Little Langdale Tarn, the ancient pack horse road, from Kendal to Whitehaven over Wrynose, takes the left hand; ..."
image OT01P107, button  goto source
"This tour may be made on horseback, or with some little difficulty in a cart; taking the road to Little Langdale as before described, and following the old pack-horse road over Wrynose and Hardknot, both of which hills are very steep. Near the road on Wrynose are the three shire stones of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire. From Westmorland we here pass into Lancashire; and crossing the head of the Duddon at Cockley-beck, we enter into Cumberland. From the top of"
image OT01P108, button  goto source
Page 108:-  "Hardknot there is a view of the sea, and the Isle of Man in the horizon; and half way down the hill on the right, are the ruins of a place called Hardknot Castle, described in a former page; but having been built without mortar, or cement, scarcely any part of the walls are left standing."
"The small river Esk winds along a narrow valley, among verdant fields, surmounted by rugged rocks, and about a mile and a half down the valley is a public-house, formerly the sign of the Wool Pack, about 15 miles from Ambleside. On the left hand, in travelling down the valley, there are two remarkable cascades. The first is seen from the road; but the other, which lies beyond the chapel, requires a walk of more than half a mile to view it. From the hamlet of Bout, a dim tract leads over Burnmoor to Wasdale head; but the road should be kept, nearly to Santon Bridge, when it turns off to the right, to the Strands at Nether Wasdale; where there are two public-houses. After seeing Wast Water, parties on horseback may either go over Styhead and through Borrowdale to Keswick; or by Gosforth to Calder Bridge, from thence by Ennerdale Bridge, and Lamplugh, to Scale Hill, and thence by either Buttermere or Lorton, to Keswick; and with a cart it will be necessary to take the latter route. Sometimes this excursion has been varied, by returning from Wasdale, by Ulpha, to Broughton, and thence by Coniston to Ambleside."
Miles. Miles.
3 Skelwith Bridge 3
Fellfoot 7
2 Top of Wrynose 9
2 Cockley Beck 11
4 Dawson Ground, Wool Pack 15
King of Prussia 18½
3 Santon Bridge 21½
Strands, Nether Wasdale 24

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Old Bell Road
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P037, button  goto source
Page 37:-  "..."
"... Further on to the left is Fell Foot, an ancient inn, on the Old Bell road which led from Kendal to Whitehaven over Hard Knot and Wry Nose."

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
item:-  packhorse
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P115, button  goto source
Page 115:-  "... to Fellfoot, and the old road from Kendal to Whitehaven, which was the only route before carriers' carts found their way into the region. Fellfoot was the house of entertainment whence the pack-horse cavalcade began the ascent, or where they stopped to congratulate themselves on having accomplished the descent. ... ... The ascent of Wrynose from this point is long and rather steep: but the views behind become grander with every step. ..."

evidence:-   old strip map:- Rumney 1899
source data:-   Road map, strip map and itinerary for Route XIX, Seascale to Eskdale, Cumberland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by A W Rumney, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, and Liverpool, 1899.
image  click to enlarge
On p.80 of the Cyclist's Guide to the English Lake District, by A W Rumney. 
printed at top:-  "Route XIX."
item:-  JandMN : 147.31
Image © see bottom of page

places:-   [Skelwith Bridge]
 Little Langdale, Lakes
[Fell Foot, Lakes]
 Wrynose Pass, Ulpha
 Cockley Beck, Dunnerdale-with-Seathwaite
 Hardknott Pass, Eskdale
 Eskdale Green, Eskdale

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