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placename:- Grange
other name:- Grange-in-Borrowdale
parish Borrowdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
coordinates:- NY25301746
10Km square:- NY21
place code:- Grng

1Km square NY2517


Grange -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 12.4.2010

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 81:-
... A mile further lies Grange, at the entrance of the dale, with its undulating bridges crossing the windings of the river. When the Abbots of Furness owned the whole of Borrowdale, a few monks were placed at its entrance, to receive and guard the crops; and this place was their granary. It is now a picturesque hamlet, which must be familiar to all who haunt exhibitions of pictures. Nobody who carries a pencil can help sitting down on the grass to sketch it. ...
person:- : Furness, Abbot of
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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blocks, settlement

placename:- Grange
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY21, button to large image

placename:- Grange
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 56:-
... Further on is a scene greatly and deservedly admired, we mean the bridge and village of Grange, planted on the west banks of the Derwent; the sweetly-wooded Holme Crag and other knolls swell above the houses, over which masses of rock and precipitous crags sublimely tower. ...
Page 166:-
Grange is a small village, at the entrance of the narrow pass which leads into Borrodale.
Manesty.- Near this place is a medicinal spring; and the retrospective view over its woods into Borrodale, is magnificent, especially if seen under the influence of a setting sun.

placename:- Grange
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY21, button   goto source.
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placename:- Grange

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
blocks, italic lowercase text, village, hamlet, locality

placename:- Grange
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 82:-
We next arrive at Grainge, a pretty well-built village. Mr Gray speaks with raptures of this little place, and after describing his hospitable and kingly feast that was given him, says "And she brought me butter on a lordly dish, which Sisera himself would have envied me the eating."
Behind the house of Mr Ab. Banks is a delightful view; for here the river runs close to your feet, and the different objects are disposed in an extremely beautiful and picturesque manner.

placename:- Grainge
person:- : Gray, Thomas
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Der)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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scatter of buildings

placename:- Grainge
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY21, button   goto source.
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placename:- Grange
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Der)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT2NY21M, button to large image

placename:- Grange
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P093, button   goto source.
Page 93:-
... The village of Grange is under it [Castle Crag], celebrated as well for its hospitality to Mr. Gray, as for its sweet romantic site. And to affirm that all that Mr. Gray says of the young farmer at Grange, is strictly applicable to the inhabitants of these mountainous regions in general, is but common justice done to the memory of repeated favours.
   - Hail sacred flood! / May still thy hospitable swains be blest / In rural innocence; thy mountains still / Teem with the fleecy race; thy tuneful woods / For ever flourish: and thy vales look gay. // Armstrong on Health.
image WS21P094, button   goto source.
Page 94:-
... The Grange was the place where they [monks of Furness] laid up their grain and their tithe, and also the salt they made at the salt spring, of which works there are still some vestiges remaining, below Grange. ...
image WS21P204, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 204:-
... Here we met a civil young farmer overseeing his reapers (for it is now oat harvest) who conducted us to a neat white house in the village of Grange, which is built on a rising ground in the midst of a valley; round it the mountains
image WS21P205, button   goto source.
Page 205:-
form an awful amphitheatre, and through it obliquely runs the Derwent, clear as glass, and showing under its bridge every trout that passes. Beside the village rises a round eminence of a rock covered entirely in old trees, and over that more proudly towers Castle-cragg, ... ...
For me , I went no farther than the farmer's (better than four miles from Keswick) at Grange; his mother and he brought us butter that Siserah would have jumped at, though not in a lordly dish, bowls of milk, thin oaten cakes, and ale, and we had carried a cold tongue thither with us. Our farmer was himself the man that last year plundered the eagles' eyrie: ...
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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The Grange
no symbol

placename:- Grange, The
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Smith 1751

Map of the Black Lead Mines in Cumberland, and area, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by George Smith, published in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1751.
thumbnail GM13b, button to large image
circle; village

placename:- Grange
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY21, button   goto source.
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Drawing of a house.

placename:- Grange
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY21, button to large image
The Grange
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Grange, The
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY21, button to large image
The Grange
circle, tower

placename:- Grange, The
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY21, button   goto source.
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Building, symbol for a hamlet, which may or may not have a nucleus.
The grange

placename:- Grange, The
county:- Cumberlandia
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

descriptive text:- Gents Mag (1751)

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
... At the head of Keswic lake, the Darwent is contracted to a narrow river, and runs between two precipices, covered with wood to the top, the perpendicular height of which is 800 yards. ... On the West side of the Darwent in this Herculean streight, and directly under one of these stupendous precipices lies the village of Grange.

placename:- Grange
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

descriptive text:- see:- Waugh, Edwin: 1882: Rambles in the Lake Country

Development is not so unobtrusive as this author believes; and is less and less obtrusive as more and more are tempted to join in.
It matters little where you build a house in Grange, it is sure to have a pleasant outlook, and is never in the way of its neighbour; for the land over which the dwellings are so picturesquely dribbled, is all fertile dingles, and knolls, and nest-like nooks mixed with bloomy orcahrds, flower gardens and scattered tufts of wood; amd there are several mansions thereabout, whose green shades and ornamental grounds give a park-like tone to the skirts of the village.

placename:- Grange
date:- 1882
period:- 19th century, late; 1880s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.71)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0026, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Castle Crag, Borrowdale, from the Village of Grange, Cumberland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J C Bentley, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.1 pl.71 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-

placename:- Grange
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

descriptive text:- Farington 1789 (plate 2)

20 engravings, Views of the Lakes in Cumberland and Westmorland, drawn by Joseph Farington, published by William Byrne, London, 1789.
thumbnail BMZ90, button to large image
Print, engraving, The Grange in Borrowdale, painted by Joseph Farington, engraved by W Byrne and T Medland, published by W Byrne, 79 Titchfield Street, London, 1784.
Grange Bridge over the River Derwent, Grange village and Low Scawdel and High Scawdel in the background?
Plate 2 from Views of the Lakes, &c, in Cumberland and Westmorland, published 1789; with descriptive text:-
CONSISTS of a few Houses standing on the West Side of the River Derwent, about a Mile above its Entrance into the Lake. This Village is a Mile distant from the waterfall of Lowdore, and about five from Keswick. In this spot is formed by the impending Mountains what Mr. Gray calls 'THE GORGE OF BORROWDALE.' ...

placename:- Grange, The
date:- 1784
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR1418, button to large image
Print, coloured, John Ruskin in Lakeland, Grane, Borrowdale, Cumberland, by Joseph W Simpson, 1938.
John Ruskin seated on rock in foreground. Grange village Borrowdale in background.
signed at top right on print:-
thumbnail PR1419, button to large image
person:- : Ruskin, John
period:- 1930s

old painting:-
thumbnail PR0868, button to large image
Painting, oil painting, Borrowdale, by Samuel Bough, 1846.
Borrowdale 1846 oil on canvas by Sam Bough. View of Grange village in Borrowdale, the Lake District. It shows the Lakeland valley in summer with clouds gathered over the fells which rise beyond the valley. On the right stands a small stone mill, partially obscured by a stand of tall trees; two men stand conversing on the path which fords the river crossing composition diagonally from lower right corner. In the foreground two women pause in a patch of sunlight to talk to a third woman seated on a log beside the river. To their left a man on horseback turns in his saddle to regard them. To extreme left, a small flock of sheep are accompanied by a sheepdog; in middle distance a herd of cattle stand in the river beyond. Bough has dramatically altered the appearance of the valley by exaggerating the size of the fells in this painting which resemble the Scottish highlands and show a considerable amount of artistic licence. Bough would have sketched this view of Grange on the spot on his occasional visits to the Lake District, completing the finished oil painting back in his studio.
signed & dated at bottom centre:-
Sam Bough 1846
date:- 1846
period:- 19th century, early

outline view:- Red Guide 1892

Guide book, Guide to the English Lakes, published by Ward, Lock, Bowden, and Co, Warwick House, Salisbury Square, London etc, 1892.
thumbnail RG0103, button to large image
Print, engraving, pair of outline views, Mountains as seen from Castlehead, Keswick, and Mountains as seen from the West Side of Grange in Borrowdale looking west, published by Ward, Lock and Co, Warwick House, Salisbury Square, London, etc, 1892.
1 Point of Ullock 2 Langside 3 Carlside 4 Carsledam 5 Skiddaw 6 Skiddaw Low Man 7 Little Man 8 Jenkin Hill 9 Lonscale Fell 10 Littledale Pike / Latrigg (below) / Castle Head (still lower) 11 Skiddaw Forest 12 High Row Fell 13 Saddle Back & 14 Falcon Crag 15 Barrow 16 High Wood Crag 16 Castle Rigg / Lowdore (below)
On p.150 in the Red Guide guide book, Guide to the English Lakes.
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:-
thumbnail PR0576, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Grange Bridge, Entrance to Borrowdale, Cumberland, published 1830s-40s?
printed at bottom:-
date:- 1830=1849
period:- 19th century, early

hearsay There is said to be a seat by the road at the turning to Grange, with the inscription:-

hearsay A grange was a farming outstation belonging to an abbey; this Grange belonged to Furness Abbey from the early 13th century.

button   Borrowdale Freeholds, Borrowdale
button   Borrowdale Gates Hotel, Grange
button   Ellers, Borrowdale
button   Field House, Borrowdale
button   fingerpost, St John Beckermet
button   Grange Bridge, Grange
button   Grange Farm House, Grange
button   Holy Trinity, Grange
button   Holy Trinity, Grange: harvest festival 2009
button   house, Grange
button   Howe Cottage, Grange
button   Peace Howe, Borrowdale
button   Pennybrig, Grange
button   Rigg Side, Grange
button   Scarthwaite, Grange
button   school, Grange
button   war memorial, Grange
button   Wesleyan Church, Grange

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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