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placename:- Calgarth Hall
parish Windermere parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
building/s; haunted house
coordinates:- SD398996
10Km square:- SD39

1Km square SD3999

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 32 3)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Calgarth Hall
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0437, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Calgarth Hall, interior, Windermere, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0171, button to large image
Photograph, Calgarth Hall, Windermere, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1895.
Vol.2 no.171 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
171. Calgarth Hall. Windermere. K.

placename:- Calgarth Hall
date:- 1895
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0172, button to large image
Photograph, Calgarth Hall, the Drawing Room, Windermere, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1895.
Vol.2 no.172 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
172. Calgarth Hall. The Drawing Room. Windermere. K.

placename:- Calgarth Hall
date:- 1895
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0173, button to large image
Photograph, Calgarth Hall, Ceiling of the Drawing Room, Windermere, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1895.
Vol.2 no.173 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
173. Calgarth Hall. Ceiling of the Drawing Room. Windermere. K.

placename:- Calgarth Hall
date:- 1895
period:- 1890s

old map:- Prior 1874 map 1

Map, Winander Mere, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1874.
thumbnail PI03M1, button to large image
Calgarth Old Hall
block/s; building/s

placename:- Calgarth Old Hall
date:- 1874
period:- 19th century, late; 1870s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 43:-
... just beyond Troutbeck Bridge. Presently, he will pass on the left hand, the gate of Calgarth, Bishop Watson's house, now inhabited by Edward Swinburne, Esq. ...
person:- : Watson, Bishop
person:- : Swinburne, Edward
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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Calgarth Hall
block, building

placename:- Calgarth Hall
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Calgarth Hall
Building and park.

placename:- Calgarth Hall
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P004, button   goto source.
Page 4:-
... Calgarth-Park, formerly the residence of the late Bishop of Landaff, has a lowly, ... situation. ...

placename:- Calgarth Park
person:- : Llandaff, Bishop of
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY30, button   goto source.
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placename:- Calgarth

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38317, button to large image
page 317-318
Near Ambleside, at Calgarth, is a Seat of the Bishop of Llandaff.

placename:- Calgarth
person:- : Llandaff, Bishop of
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 133:-
...
... land at Crowgarth. Here the artist will have the best landscape near this Lake, ...
Whilst the landscape-painter is here exercising his pencil, let the antiquarian go to the farm-house at Crow-garth, alias Calf-garth, alias Cold-garth, now commonly called Caw-garth, be it which it will. Here are, in alto relievo over the dining-room fire-place, two good devices, remarkably well executed, (in oak-wood) one of Sampson sleeping upon Delilah's lap, whilst the Philistines are cutting off his hair. (Judges, chap. xiii.) The other, a representation of Jeptha meeting his daughter, with harp and timbrel, &c. after his rash vow, (Judges, chap. xi.) In the parlour, upon the ceiling, are several devices, particularly the Wiverne, which, according to Guillim, p.262. is the arms of Drake.
This estate belonged many years to a family of the name of Phillipson. Mr Machel says, the first he meets with was Robert Philipson, in King Henry the III's. time. The estate continued in the name and family till the year 1714, when it ended in daughters, who sold the estate to Mr Taylor; so it must have been in the name and family five hundred years: A long time, indeed, considering the intestine feuds and quarrels in these parts! The original name seems to have been Therlwall, (so it appears to me that Mr Machel must have been mistaken, when he calls them Philipsons as late as Henry the III's. time,) as appears by the grant of Robert Cook, Esq; Clarencieux, King of arms in 1581, where he says, "For as much as Rowland Philipson, alias Therlwall of Calgarth in the county of Westmorland;" and further on says, "which Rowland was descended of a younger brother, forth of the house of Therlwall in the county of Northumberland; which said Rowland, by reason of the Christian name of one of his

placename:- Crowgarth
other name:- Calfgarth
other name:- Coldgarth
other name:- Cawgarth
person:- : Phillipson Family
person:- : Philipson, Robert
person:- : Taylor, Mr
person:- : Philipson, Rowland
person:- : Therlwall Family
person:- : Philipson, Huddleston
person:- : Philipson, Robin; Robin the Devil
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Windermere N)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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Cawgarth / P. TAYLOR Esqr.

placename:- Cawgarth
house; park
person:- : Taylor, P
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map -- probably relevant

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02SD49, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02SD49, button to large image

placename:- Calgarth
building/s
county:- Westmorland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Win/Ble)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT9SD39Z, button to large image
Calgarth / Bp. Watson's
block, building/s

placename:- Calgarth
person:- : Watson, Bishop
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P063, button   goto source.
Page 63:-
[Windermere] ... Calgarth-park [2] and Rayrigg grace its banks.
[2] The old mansion here is built much in the style of Levens and Sizergh. Some of the rooms have been elegantly finished; but having been a long time in the possession of farmers, who occupy but a part of it, it is much gone out of repair, and has on the whole but a melancholy appearance. This circumstance, in concurrence with the superstitous notions which have ever been common in country places, and the particulars mentioned below, have probably given rise to a report, which has long prevailed, that the house is haunted. And many are the stories of frightful visions, and mischievous deeds, which the goblins of the place are said to have performed to terrify and distress the harmless neighbourhood. These fables are not yet entirely disbelieved. Spectres are still seen, and there are two human skulls, which have lain in the window of a large room as long as can be remembered, whose history and reputed properties are far too singular not to contribute something to this story of the haunted house, and to let them pass over in this note.
It has been a popular tale in these parts, of immemorial standing, that these skulls formerly belonged to two poor old people, who were unjustly executed for a robbery; that, to perpetuate their innocence, some ghost brought them there, and that they are for that end indestructible, and, in effect, immoveable. For, it is said, to what place soever they were taken, or however used, they were still presently seen again in their old dormitory, the window. As the report goes, they have been buried, burnt, powdered, and dispersed in the wind, and upon the lake, several times to no purpose, as to their removal or destruction. So far says common fame. Certain it is human remains still exist. And it would be thought an impeachment of the taste and curiosity of the nymphs and swains of the neighbouring villages, if they could not say they had once seen the skulls of Calgarth.
As a more rational account of the matter, (though still lame and unsatisfactory,) is told by some, that there formerly lived in the house a famous doctress who had two skeletons by her, for the usual purposes of her profession; and the skulls happening to meet with better preservation than the rest of the bones, they were accidentally honoured with singular notice. But be their origin what it may, their legend is too whimsical and improbable to deserve being recorded, otherwise than as an instance of the never-failing credulity of ignorance and superstition.
Calgarth-park was purchased by Dr. Watson, the late bishop of Llandaff, who built an elegant mansion thereon, which, with the other improvements in that fine situation, makes it one of the most elegant places of residence in this country.
...
image WS21P071, button   goto source.
Page 71, footnote:-
On the banks of Windermere-water, have been lately built many elegant villas; by ... the late Bishop of Llandaff, Calgarth; ... These objects, as works of art, most of which are done in styles suitable to their situation, give an air of consequence to the country, ...

placename:- Calgarth Park
haunted house
person:- : Watson, Dr; Llandaff, Bishop of
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5NY40SW, button to large image
Cow Garth
circle, labelled in italic lowercase text; settlement, farm, house, or hamlet?

placename:- Cow Garth
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760 -- probably relevant

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18SD29, button to large image
Camgarth
circle, tower

placename:- Camgarth
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12SD39, button   goto source.
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Cowgarth
Circle.

placename:- Cowgarth
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) -- presumably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10SD39, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10SD39, button to large image
Cowgarth
Circle.

placename:- Cowgarth
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Wmd)

the circle on the map belongs to Burneside
Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL7, button to large image
Cowgarth
no symbol

placename:- Cowgarth
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3SD39, button to large image
Cowgarth
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Cowgarth
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14SD39, button to large image
Cowgarth
circle, buildings

placename:- Cowgarth
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9SD39, button   goto source.
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Building, symbol for a hamlet, which may or may not have a nucleus.
Cowgarthe

placename:- Cowgarthe
county:- Westmorelandia
hamlet
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
CALGARTH HALL / / / WINDERMERE TOWN / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / I / 351661 / SD3988199668

placename:- Calgarth Hall
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- SD39889966
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

ghost story Myles Philipson, magistrate, owned Calgarth Hall and estate but wanted land owned by Kraster and Doreen Cooke to enlarge his lands. They refused his offers to purchase, so he invited them to dinner. Next day he had the Cookes arrested for stealing from the dinner service, and the false witness of him and other dinner guests got the Cookes hanged. Doreen cursed the magistrate:-
Guard thyself, Myles Philipson; thou thinkest thou hast managed grandly, but that tiny lump of land is the dearest a Philipson has ever bought or stole, for you will never prosper, neither will your breed - your schemes will wither, the side you take will lose, Philipsons will own no land, and while Calgarth shall stand we will haunt it night and day. Never will ye be rid of us.
The Philipson Family was haunted by two skulls, which crushed, burned, destroyed, always returned to a ledge at the top of the stairs. Squire Philipson failed to rid himself of the reminders of his wickedness. After his death the skulls appeared only at Christmas and the anniversary of the execution, until the Bishop of Llandaff exorcised the ghosts.

references Gibson, Alexander Craig, Dr: 1869: Folkes Speech of Cumberland
Robertson, Dawn & Koronka, Peter: 1992: Secrets and Legends of Old Westmorland: Pagan Press (Kirkby Stephen, Cumbria) & Cumbria CC (library service)
Strickland, Miss:: How Will it End?

notes hall
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustration

button   post box, Troutbeck Bridge

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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