button to main menu  Clarke's Survey of the Lakes, 1787

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Page 134:-
"ancestors, was called Philip, the younger son of the said Philip was called Philip-son, and so continueth the same surname, &c." How this name was changed from Therlwall to Philipson, the reader may easily perceive. We find many of them active persons in their country's troubles: there was one of them nick-named Robin the Devil, from the following story:
  Robin the Devil
The large island on Winandermere Lake belonged to Robin's brother, Huddleston Philipson , who being at the siege of Carlisle, left the care of the family treasure to Robin; this he kept in the strong house upon the island, which was on that account besieged by Col. Briggs, one of Cromwell's commanders. This siege continued eight or ten days, and the place was gallantly defended by Robin till his brother returned from Carlisle, after the siege of that city was raised. The day after Huddleston returned, which was Sunday, Robin, with three or four of his best men, set out for Kendal to take vengeance on some persons of the opposite party there: they passed the watch and rode into the church, up one isle and down another; not seeing the person they went to look for, Robin attempted to retire, but was seized on by the guards. They unhorsed him, and broke his girths, and used every other method to prevent him mounting again; his companions, however, making a desperate attack upon them, relieved him. He then placed the saddle upon the back of his horse without girths, and at one leap seated himself in it; in this situation he and his comrades killed the sentinels, and arrived safe at the island about two o'clock. Many other desperate adventures are related of Robin, who, after a tiresome and dangerous course of life, was killed in battle at Washfort in Ireland.
  skulls of Calgarth
At Crowgarth were two human sculls, of which many strange stories are told: they were said to belong to persons whom Robin had murdered, and that they could not be removed from the place where they then were; that when they were removed they always returned, even though they had been thrown into the Lake; with many other ridiculous falsehoods of the same stamp: some person, however, has lately carried one of them to London, and as it has not yet found its way back again, I shall say nothing more on so very trivial a subject.
If you travel by land to Crowgarth, you must go by Troutbeck-bridge, (see plate X.) and return there again. The river that falls down here is called Troutbeck, probably from it being more plentifully stocked with trout than any other stream which runs into Winandermere. It gives name to a town near upon its banks, which is upwards of a mile in length, and for one year, viz. part of 1784, and part of 1785, had neither within or belonging to it, either Clergyman, Miller, or Blacksmith: The reader will be more astonished, when I tell him that this town is so large as to contain 300 Constables, 300 common Carriers, and 300 Bulls *.
  Hogarth Family
In this town was born one Hogarth, a poet, who was descended from the same stock with the celebrated Painter of that name, and lived at the same time. Their great grandfather, there called Thomas Hoggart, was born at the village of Bampton in Westmorland, where he and his two sons are registered in the parish register. They always spelled it Hoggart, till the painter softened it into Hogarth. Our poet wrote three or four plays, and had a party of comedians (his own villagers,) to perform them at the Christmas entertainments: So much of late hath appeared in the news-papers and magazines of this man, that I shall in part be silent concerning him; only giving here a specimen of his poetry, copied from his own hand-writing, which is all the original I at present have. He was a poor labouring man, and wrote his pieces mostly after supper, or on Sunday afternoons; and they were generally upon some particular affair that happened in his neighbourhood, and were sung by himself to his companions over a glass of ale the next meeting; let his song speak for him.
* Troutbeck is divided into three Constablewicks, called Hundreds; each having their own Constable, Carrier, Bull, &c. called the Hundred Constable, &c.
gazetteer links
button -- (Calgarth Hall, Windermere (CL13inc)2)
button -- "Troutbeck" -- Trout Beck
button -- "Troutbeck" -- Troutbeck
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