button to main menu   West's Guide to the Lakes, 1778/1821

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Page 209:-
with a sort of terror and aversion. Armathwaite-house is a modern fabric, not large, and built of dark red stone, belonging to Mr. Spedding, whose grandfather was steward to old Sir James Lowther, and bought this estate of the Highmores. The sky was overcast, and the wind cool; so after dining at a public-house, which stands here near the bridge, that crosses the Derwent just where it issues from the lake, and sauntering a little by the water side, I came home again. The turnpike is finished from Cockermouth hither, five miles, and is carrying on to Penrith. Several little showers to-day. A man came in who said there was snow on Cross-fell this morning.
Oct. 7. I walked in the morning to Crow-park, and in the evening up Penrith road. The clouds came rolling up the mountains all round, very dark, yet the moon shone at intervals. It was too damp to go towards the lake. To-morrow I mean to bid farewell to Keswick.
Botany might be studied here to great advantage at another season, because of the great variety of soils and elevations, all lying within a small compass. I observed nothing but several lichens, and plenty of gale, or Dutch myrtle, perfuming the borders of the lake. This year the wad-mine has been opened, which is done once in five years: it is taken out in lumps sometimes as big as a man's fist, and will undergo no preparation by fire, not being fusible: when it is pure, soft, black, and loose-grained, it is worth sometimes thirty shillings a pound. There are no char ever taken in these lakes, but plenty in Buttermere-water, which lies a little way north of Borrowdale, about Martinmas, which are potted here. They sow chiefly oats and bigg here, which are now cutting and still on the ground; the rains have done much hurt; yet observe, the soil is so thin and light, that no day has passed in which I could not walk out with ease; and you know I am no lover of dirt. Fell mutton is now in sea-
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gazetteer links
button -- "Armathwaite House" -- Armathwaite Hall
button -- "Bassenthwaite Water" -- Bassenthwaite Lake
button -- (black lead mine, Dunnerdale with Seathwaite)
button -- Buttermere
button -- "Lake of Keswick" -- Derwent Water
button -- Derwent, River
button -- Ouse Bridge
button -- Ouse Bridge Inn
button -- Skiddaw
button -- "Vale of Derwent Water" -- Vale of Keswick

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