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placename:- Roughtongill Mines
other name:- Roughton Gill Mines
other name:- Silver Gill Mine
other name:- Mexico Mine
locality:- Roughton Gill
locality:- Caldbeck Fells
parish Caldbeck parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
copper mine; lead mine; mine; zinc mine; mine
coordinates:- NY298339, NY309345
10Km square:- NY23
10Km square:- NY33
References Adams, John: 1988: Mines of the Lake District Fells: Dalesman Books (Lancaster, Lancashire):: ISBN 0 85206 931 6

1Km square NY2933

photograph

Roughtongill Mines -- Roughton Gill -- Caldbeck Fells -- Caldbeck -- Cumbria / -- Works. -- NY30263444 (at) -- 15.8.2007

source:- OS County Series (Cmd 47)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Roughtongill Mining Works (Lead)

placename:- Roughtongill Mining Works
date:- 1867=1868
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 174:-
...
On the Caude, besides the copper mines at Caudebeck, ...
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760 -- probably relevant

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY23, button to large image
Copper Mines
in hills near Uldale
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY23, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY23, button to large image
The Mines
No symbols.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd) -- probably relevant

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
the Myne
two spots; mines
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY23, button to large image
The Mynes
Two black spots drawn on the hillock.

placename:- Mynes, The
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text -- perhaps relevant

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 166:-
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY23, button to large image
The Mynes
two ?adits on a hillock
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY23, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY23, button to large image
The mynes
4 or 5 black diamond shapes, the mine holes, in the hillocks N of Mosedale.

placename:- Mynes, The
county:- Cumberlandia
mine
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

sketch map:- KDMRS 1979-82

Log book and sketch maps from the Kendal and District Mine Research Society, 1979-82.
Geological Outing of the Kendal and District Mine Research Society
Log book page 15:-
DATE - 27/5/79 SUNDAY. / MAP REF - (SHEET 33) 3025/3450 / LOCATION - ROUGHTON GILL CALDBECK / NAME - ROUGHTON GILL MINES / TYPE OF SITE - MINES. / WORKING OR DISUSED - DISUSED / PEOPLE IN PARTY [ ] / NOS. OF PHOTOS - 13 / SPECIMENS FOUND - PIECES OF AGATE, MALACHITE BROCHANITE, COPPER PYRITES, PYROMORPHITE AND AZURITE. / COMMENTS - SHOWERY DAY, BUT WARM. NO LEVELS OPEN TO ENTER. VERY INTERESTING AREA.

placename:- Roughton Gill Mines
coordinates:- NY30253450
date:- 1979
period:- 1970s

Group of mines on the Caldbeck Fells, worked by the Company of Mines Royal, late 16th century. A smelting work was installed here 1794. Worked up to 1870s. It was later a source of umber and other pigments.
Silver Gill Vein; Dobson's Vein; Roughton Gill North Vein; Great South Roughton Gill Lode. Ores of lead, copper and zinc, some silver: chalcopyrite, copper iron sulphide, CuFeS2; galena, lead sulphide, PbS.
Famous for unusual and colourful minerals, decomposition products of sulphide ores.
Adams, John: 1988: Mines of the Lake District Fells: Dalesman Books (Lancaster, Lancashire):: ISBN 0 85206 931 6

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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