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placename:- Inglewood Forest
county:- Cumbria
forest

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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Inglewood Forest
area

placename:- Inglewood Forest
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 267-268
Over Inglewood Forest to ...
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page 283-284
Over Inglewood Forest to ...

placename:- Inglewood Forest
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 189:-
...
At the Conquest the manor of Penrith and the forest of Englewood, in which it is situate, were in the possession of the Scots, who were soon after dispossessed, but kept up their claim to the three counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Northumberland, to which king John seems to have consented on payment of 15,000 marks by William king of Scotland, and an intermarriage of John with one of his daughters; but these claims were renounced by king Alexander to Henry III. on the latter's granting him 200 librates of land in this county or Northumberland, in any town where there is no castle, or in places in the said counties. Alexander's son and successor married Henry's daughter, and had the said land confirmed to him, and a bond of 5000 marks of silver for her marriage portion. Hence these lands had the name of the queen's haims or desmenes. They were Penrith, with the hamlets of Langwathby, Scotby, Great Salkeld, and Carleton. Baliol held them till Edward I. quarreling with him seized them, and granted them to Anthony Bek, bishop of Durham, from whom the parliament took them, and they remained in the crown. Richard II. gave them to John duke of Bretaign and Richmond, and shortly after to Ralph Neville of Westmorland, whose heir Richard of Warwick, being slain at Barnet 11 Edward IV. the whole estate for want of heirs male reverted to the crown, and continued as part of the royal desmene till William III. gave the honour of Penrith and all its dependances with the appurtenances within the forest of Englewood, whose boundaries may be seen in Burn, III. 522. to William Bentink, afterwards created earl of Portland, and they are still held by his great grandson William Henry duke of Portland.
...
Page 189:-
...
"Yn the forest of Ynglewood, vi myls from Caerluel, appere ruins of a castel, called Castle Luen."
Englewood forest was disforested by Henry VIII. who allowed the inhabitants greater liberty and freer use of it. Hutton and Edenhall were parishes in it t. Henry I. who gave them to Carlisle church, and Wedderhall, Warwick, Lazonby, Skelton, Sowerby, St. Mary's, St. Cuthbert's, Carlisle, and Dalston, were all included in it, or bordering on it, as early as the Conquest. It was 16 miles long from Penrith to Carlisle; and Edward I. hunting in it is said to have killed 200 bucks in one day. It is now a dreary moor with high distant hills on both sides, and a few stone farm houses and cottages on the road side.

placename:- Forest of Englewood
person:- : Scots
person:- : William, King of Scots
person:- : Alexander, King of Scots
person:- : Henry III
person:- : Edward I
person:- : Balliol, John; John, King of Scots
person:- : clergyman
person:- : Richard II
person:- : Henry VIII
person:- : Neville, Ralph
person:- : William III
person:- : Bentink, William; Portland, Earl of
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page xi:-
I cannot quit this subject, without taking notice of that superiority in archery which the English have always boasted, and which has had so material an effect in almost all the battles which they formerly fought, against different modes of discipline, and different nations. Whatever effect political regulations might have had in preserving this superiority, or whatever the consequent practice of it as an amusement may have done, I think I may safely aver, that the custom of poaching occasioned by the severity of the game-laws established by the conqueror, had no small effect in preserving it. It was this that produced so many noted archers and outlaws in the forest of Englewood as well as that of Sherwood. For, not to mention Adam Bell and his partners, tradition still preserves the name of Watty of Croglin, Woodhead Andrew, Robin Oth'moors, Gruff Elleck (Alexander,) and of several others, as of persons distinguished in that line, even amongst a people who were almost to a man of the same stamp. ...

placename:- Englewood
person:- : Bell, Adam
person:- : Watty of Croglin
person:- : Woodhead Andrew
person:- : Robin Oth'moors
person:- : Gruff Elleck
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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Englewood Forest
trees

placename:- Englewood Forest
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746 -- possibly relevant

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P190, button   goto source.
Upon the Banks of the little River Peterell, lay Plompton-Park, a very large Piece of Ground, and formerly set apart by the Kings of England for the Keeping of Deer for their own Use and Hunting, with which it was so well stocked once, that King Edward I. is said to have killed 200 Bucks in one Day in hunting in this Forest.

placename:- Plompton Park
park
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 94)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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At mile 289-292 alongside road.

placename:- Engelwood Forest
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY44, button   goto source.
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Inglewood Forest
Forest, tree symbols.

placename:- Inglewood Forest
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m287, button   goto source.
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In mile 290, Cumberland.
Englewood Forest
labelled both sides of the road.

placename:- Englewood Forest
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
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Inglewood forest
Group of tree symbols.

placename:- Inglewood Forest
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 166:-

placename:- Iinglewood Forrest
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
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Inglewood for:
Tree, huntress carrying a spear.

placename:- Inglewood Forest
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cum/EW) -- perhaps relevant

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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a tree
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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group of trees, S of Newbiggin
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Inglewood Forest
groups of tree symbols

placename:- Inglewood Forest
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
foresta de Inglewode
Written in a cartouche south of Carlisle.
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placename:- Foresta de Inglewode
other name:- Inglewode, Foresta de
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Saxton 1579

Inglewood Forest is a large area.
image Sax9NY44, button   goto source.
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Inglewood forest
No trees with the label, but a group of trees north of Petterell wrey.

placename:- Inglewood Forest
county:- Cumberlandia
wood
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

hearsay In the 15th century there was a thorn tree near Hesket in the Forest where tenants of Inglewood Forest would meet in a Forest Court.

story Sir Gawain rode through this forest on his way to the Green Knight:-


button   castle, Wreay
button   Hutton-in-the-Forest, Skelton
button   oak, Wragmire Moss
button   Tarn Wadling, Hesket

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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