button to main menu  Otley's Guide 1823 (5th edn 1834)

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Page 83:-
Upon the summits of Grasmoor, Binsey, and Carrock Fells, there are remains of basin-shaped cavities, walled round, and apparently intended as Beacons. The Beacon, standing in the centre of a large plantation on Penrith fell, is a more modern erection of hewn stone, and commands extensive views of the country. On the west side of the mountain Hardknot, a space of about two acres is encompassed by the remains of a wall, with places of entrance on each of the four sides. There seem to have been towers at the different gates and corners, and several interior erections.
Stations retaining the name of Castles, when scarcely a vestige of their works remains, are found in several places upon the mountains. They are generally characterized by pieces of freestone, which must have been brought from a distance of several miles, at a time when the roads were very imperfectly formed.
  roman forts?
Remains of Castles of a more permanent construction are to be seen at Cockermouth, Egremont, Penrith, Brougham, Dacre, and Kendal. Part of that at Cockermouth has been repaired and is inhabited; the one at Dacre is used as a farm house; the rest are in various stages of decay.
  Furness Abbey
Furness Abbey is situated in a narrow dell, in a fertile district of Lancashire, called Low Furness. It was founded in 1127, by Stephen, afterwards king of England, and involved in the general wreck of religious houses in 1537.
gazetteer links
button -- (beacon, Binsey)
button -- (beacon, Carrock Fell)
button -- (beacon, Grasmoor)
button -- (Cockermouth Castle, Cockermouth)
button -- Dacre Castle
button -- Furness Abbey
button -- Penrith Beacon
button -- Mediobogdun
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