button to main menu  Martineau's Complete Guide to the English Lakes, 1855

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Page 171:-
family could not get him past, (though they had all seen it "dozens of times,") when, failing and infirm, he set out on his last sad journey, in pursuit of health. Passing through Penrith, he would see the Giant's Grave; and thither he limped, to wonder once more what it could mean.
The parish of Brougham, Burg-ham (meaning Castle-town) was the Brovacum of the Romans, where, as we learn from Nicolson and Burn, they had a company of Defensores, and left many tokens of their presence in antiquities which have come to light from time to time. The Village of Brougham passed into the hands of the Veteriponts in the reign of John or Henry III. The Castle of Brougham has been held by the Veteriponts, Cliffords and Tuftons, and is now the property of the Earl of Thanet. It is now in ruins; and fine ruins they are. They stand at the confluence of the Eamont and Lowther Rivers, at the distance of a mile from Penrith.
Brougham Hall, the seat of Lord Brougham, is within a mile and a-half of Penrith. The traveller should walk along the river bank from the bridge at Brougham Hall to Askham, and then ascend the steep bank of red sandstone, overshadowed by trees, to the park of Lowther Castle. The grounds here are fine; especially the terrace, which affords a noble walk. It is very elevated; broad, mossy, shady, breezy, and overlooking a considerable extent of country,- some of which is fertile plain, and some undulating surface,- the margin of the mountain region. The most remarkable feature of this landscape is perhaps the hol-
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button -- Brougham Castle
button -- Brougham Hall
button -- Brougham
button -- Giant's Grave
button -- Lowther Park
button -- "Brovacum" -- (roman fort, Brougham)
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