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Lowther Park, Lowther
Lowther Park
civil parish:-   Lowther (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   park
coordinates:-   NY52112428 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY5224
10Km square:-   NY52

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published by Abel Swale, the Unicorn, St Paul's Churchyard, Awnsham, and John Churchill, the Black Swan, Paternoster Row, London, 1695.
Ring of fence palings, trees. 
item:-  JandMN : 24
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evidence:-   old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) 
placename:-  Lowther
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
Circle and outline for the park. 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.59
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evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G7660166, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1766 p.166  "... Lord Lonsdale's house and park, and a large extent of his estates, beautifully interspersed with woods, water, and rich pasture, and meadow grounds, which still seem more delightful, because of the immediate transition, from barren rocks to one of the richest vales imaginable. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P200, button  goto source
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769 
Page 200:-  "... walked up beacon-hill [Penrith], a mile to the top, and could see ... Whinfield and Lowther parks, &c."

evidence:-   old map:- West 1784 map
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, about 1784.
Marked by a drawing of a building in a park enclosed by the river and a paling fence. 
item:-  Armitt Library : A1221.1
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evidence:-   descriptive text:- Baker 1802
source data:-   Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-  "Near this passage [road to Penrith] is also the seat and extensive park of Lord Lonsdale, ... observable from the woods and smaller plantations of furs and other evergreens, tastefully arranged on the summits of the hills near them. Lowther Hall, next passed, is another possession of the family of that name. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Cooke 1802
placename:-  Lowther
source data:-   Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 12 miles to 1 inch, by George Cooke, 1802, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Road, London, 1824.
image  click to enlarge
outline of fence palings; park 
item:-  Hampshire Museums : FA2000.62.4
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evidence:-   old map:- Wallis 1810 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Lowther
source data:-   Road map, Westmoreland, scale about 19 miles to 1 inch, by James Wallis, 77 Berwick Street, Soho, 1810, published by W Lewis, Finch Lane, London, 1835?
image  click to enlarge
outline with fence palings; park 
item:-  JandMN : 63
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evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Lowther Park
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P135, button  goto source
Page 135:-  "..."
"The Castle stands in a park of six hundred acres, on the east side of the delightful vale of Lowther. ..."
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Page 137:-  "The tourist who has complained of the deficiency of magnificent forest-wood, will here, at least, have found no reason to renew his complaints, and, indeed, scarcely during any of the latter part of the tour. The princely residences of the nobility are scarce in the north country - the halls of the gentry are not numerous - and the lands being in the hands of statesmen, who are in general mere agriculturalists, they look upon wood as exhausting the fertility of the land."

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
item:-  yewstormhurricaneweather
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P171, button  goto source
Page 171:-  "... The traveller should walk along the river bank ... to Askham, and then ascend the steep bank of red sandstone, overshadowed by trees, to the park of Lowther Castle. The grounds here are fine; especially the terrace, which affords a noble walk. It is very elevated; broad, mossy, shady, breezy, and overlooking a considerable extent of country,- some of which is fertile plain, and some undulating surface,- the margin of the mountain region. The most remarkable feature of this landscape is perhaps the hol-"
image MNU1P172, button  goto source
Page 172:-  "[hol]low, within which lies Hawes Water. The park has some fine old trees; and the number and size of the yews in the grounds will strike the stranger. But lasting injury was done to the woods by the hurricane of 1839, which broke its way straight through, levelling every thing in its path. On the road from Askham to Bampton, the high grounds of Lowther present on the left a nearly straight line of great elevation, along which runs the park wall, almost to the extremity of the promontory. From a distance, it looks the most enviable position for a park that can be imagined."

evidence:-   old print:- Bogg 1898
source data:-   Print, engraving, Vale of Lowther, Lowther Park, Lowther, Westmorland, by A Haselgrave, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
image  click to enlarge
Included on p.129 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg. 
item:-  JandMN : 231.34
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evidence:-   old print:- Rose 1832-35
source data:-   Print, engraving, Lowther Castle and Park, Westmorland, by Thomas Allom, engraved by W le Petit, 1830s.
image  click to enlarge
item:-  JandMN : 66.18
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evidence:-   old print:- Lowther 1780s-90s
item:-  garden
source data:-   Print, engraving, Lowther, Westmorland now Cumbria, 1700s.
image  click to enlarge
The house and gardens and surrounding lands are drawn in bird's eye view. 
Copied from the Knyff and Kip print? 
item:-  Dove Cottage : Lowther.28
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evidence:-   old print:- Knyff and Kip 1707
source data:-   Print, engraving, Lowther, Westmorland now Cumbria, drawn by Leonard Knyff, engraved by John Kip, 1707.
image  click to enlarge
The house and gardens and surrounding lands are drawn in bird's eye view. 
Probably from Britannia Illustrata, published London, 1707-1740. 
item:-  Dove Cottage : Lowther.30
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