button to main menu  Gents Mag 1816 part 2 p.599

button introduction
button list, 1st qtr 19th century
button see 1816 part 2 p.313
Gentleman's Magazine 1816 part 2 p.599

  county history

County History, Cumberland



Boundaries. North, Scotland. East, Northumberland and Durham. South Westmorland and Lancashire. West, Irish Sea.
Greatest length 72; greatest breadth 38; cicumference 224; square 1516 miles.
Province York. Diocese Carlisle, excepting the Ward of Allerdale above Derwent in Chester, and the Parish of Alston Moor in Durham. Circuit Northern.


British Inhabitants Brigantes.
Roman Province. Valentia. - Stations Amboglana, Burdoswald: Petriana, Castlesteads: Aballaba, Watch-cross: Congavata, Stanwix: Axelodunum, Burgh on the Sands: Gabrocentum, Drumburgh: and Tunnocelum, near Boulness: on the Wall. Derventio, Papcastle: Virosium, Ellenborough: Olenacum, Old Carlisle: Voreda, Old Penrith: Arbeia, Moresby or Irby: Bremetenracum, Whitbarrow or Brampton: Apiatorium, Bewcastle: Castra exploratorum, Netherby on the Esk: Luguballium, Carlisle,
Saxon Heptarchy. Northumbria.
Antiquities. The Roman Wall. "Long Meg and her Daughters," Druidical circle, 350 feet diameter. "Giant's Grave," Pillars in Penrith Churchyard. Bewcastle Obelisk. Carlisle Cathedral. Kirklinton, Aspatria, Torpenhow, and St. Bees Churches. Fortified Towers of Newton-Arlosh, Burgh on the Sands, and Great Salkeld Churches. Holme-Coultram and Calder Abbeys. Lanercost and Wetheral Priories. Seton Nunnery, Irton Cross. Bridekirk Font. Bewcastle, Carlisle, Cockermouth, Dacre, Egremont, High Head, Kirk Oswald, Naworth, Penrith, Rose, and Scaleby Castles,
Carlisle was the only Episcopal Chapter in England of the order of St. Austin; the others were all of St. Benedict.


Rivers. Bleng, Calder, Caldew, Cocker, Croglin, DERWENT, Duddon, Eamont, EDEN, Ellen, two Esks, Gelt, Greeta, Irt, Irthing, Kershope, Kingwater, Line, Liddel, Lowther, Mite, Nent, Petterell, Sark, Tees, Tyne, Wampool, Waver.
Inland Navigation. Derwent and Eden Rivers. Whitehaven Brook.
Lakes. Bassenthwaite, Crumock, DERWENT, Devock, Ennerdale, Lowes, Over, ULLS, and Wast Waters. Butter and Thirl Meres. Barnmoor, Bray, Martin, Sellafield, Talkin, Tindale, and Wadling Tarns. Anthorn Lough. The Stark.
Eminences and Views. Scafell, 3166; Helvellyn, 3055; Skiddaw, 3022; Bowfell, 2911; Cross fell, 2901; Pillar, 2893; Saddleback, 2787; Grasmere Fell, 2756; High Pike, 2101; Black Comb, 1919; Dent Hill, 1115 feet above the level of the Sea. Hardknow, Wrynose, Penrith, Beacon, Christenbury Craggs, Carrock, Scaw, and Souter fells.
Natural Curiosities. Gilsland and Melmerby Medicinal Waters. Airey Force in Gowbarrow Park, Scale Force, Lowdore and the Howk Cascades. The Bowder Stone, 31 yards long and 8 high. Borrowdale Pass.

Warnel Hall, Earl of Lonsdale, Lord Lieutenant of the County.
Armathwaite Castle, Robert Saunderson Milbourne, esq.
Carlton Hall, Rt. Hon. Thos. Wallace.
Clea Hall, Sir Henry Fletcher, bart.
Corby Castle, Henry Howard, esq.
Crofton Place, Sir Wastell Brisco, bt.
Dalehead, Thos. Stranger Leathes, esq.
Dalemain, Edward Hassell, esq.
Derwent Water, Lord Wm. Gordon.
Greystock Castle, Duke of Norfolk.
Hayton Castle, Rev. Isaac Robinson.
Hutton Hall, Sir Frederick Fletcher Vane.
Kirklinton Hall, William Dacre, esq.
Mire House, John Spedding, esq.
Muncaster Castle, Lord Muncaster.
Netherby, Sir James Graham, bart.
Nunnery, Mrs Elizabeth Bamber Ponsonby.
button next page
gazetteer links
button -- Cumberland

button to main menu Lakes Guides menu.