button to main menu  Otley's Guide 1823 (5th edn 1834)

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Page 152:-
It is not well known what place some of these granites, sienites, and porphyries hold in the series of rocks: from the scarcity of places at which their junction with the slate rock can be seen, it is not easy to ascertain whether they have been deposited upon that substance or protruded through it: but the latter seems the more probable supposition.
The greatest bulk of these mountain rocks have been commonly included under the general appellation of slate; although many of them shew no disposition to the slaty cleavage. They may be classed in three principal divisions.
Of these divisions, the FIRST or lowest in the series, forms Skiddaw, Saddleback, Grasmoor, and Grisedale Pike, with the mountains of Thornthwaite and Newlands; it extends across Crummock Lake, and by the foot of Ennerdale as far as Dent Hill; and after being lost for several miles, it is elevated again at Black Combe.
If we regard the granite of Skiddaw as a nucleus upon which these rocks are deposited in mantle-shaped strata, that which reposes immediately upon it is commonly called gneiss; but it is rather more slaty and less granular than the gneiss of some other countries. More distant from the granite, the quantity of mica in slate decreases, and it is marked with darker coloured spots; it is then provincially called whintin, and is quarried for flooring-flags and
gazetteer links
button -- Black Combe
button -- "Crummock Lake" -- Crummock Water
button -- Ennerdale
button -- Grasmoor
button -- Grisedale Pike
button -- Saddleback
button -- Skiddaw
button -- Thornthwaite
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