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placename:- Crummock Water
parish Buttermere parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
lake
coordinates:- NY158189
10Km square:- NY11
place code:- Cru

1Km square NY1518

photograph

Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- Looking north west. -- 14.10.2005
photograph

Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- From Lanthwaite. -- 14.2.2007

source:- OS County Series (Cmd 69)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Lowest point of bed of lake 177 feet above O.S. datum
elsewhere:-
Sur. of Water 321
coordinates:- NY159190
date:- 1867=1868
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

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Print, colour halftone, Crummock Water, from Scale Hill, Buttermere, Cumberland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.116 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
CRUMMOCK WATER, FROM SCALE HILL
printed at signed lower left:-
A HEATON COOPER

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old print:- Heaton Cooper 1905 (edn 1908)

thumbnail HC0142, button to large image
Print, colour halftone, Crummock Water and Buttermere, Buttermere, Cumberland, from a watercolour painting by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, London, 2nd edn 1908.
Opposite p.120 of The English Lakes, painted by Alfred Heaton Cooper, described by William T Palmer.
printed at tissue opposite the print:-
CRUMMOCK WATER AND BUTTERMERE
printed at signed lower right:-
A HEATON COOPER

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1905
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL125, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Crummock Lake, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 121 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
Crummock Lake.

placename:- Crummock Lake
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL128, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Crummock Lake, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 133 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower left:-
AG
printed at bottom:-
Crummock Lake.

placename:- Crummock Lake
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL133, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Crummock in Stormy Weather, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 155 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at lower left:-
Joseph Pennell
printed at bottom:-
Crummock in Stormy Weather.

placename:- Crummock
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old map:- Mill and Heawood 1895

Series of maps of the English Lakes, with soundings by Hugh Robert Mill and Edward Heawood, by Bartholomew, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by George Philip and Son, 32 Fleet Street, London, etc, 1895.
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placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

source:- Philip/Wilson 1890s

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CRUMMOCK WATER.
date:- 1895
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

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Photograph, black and white, Crummock Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0466, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Crummock Water and Rannerdale, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

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Photograph, sepia, Crummock Water from Lowfell, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0468, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, foot of Crummock Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0470, button to large image
Photograph, sepia, head of Crummock Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Jenkinson 1875 map1

thumbnail JK08, button to large image

date:- 1875
period:- 19th century, late; 1870s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 86:-
... Crummock Water yields char, as well as every other lake fish, in abundance. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 180:-
A TABLE OF THE LENGTH, BREADTH, AND DEPTH OF THE LAKES.
No. : Names of Lakes. : Counties : Length in Miles. : Extreme breadth in Miles : Extreme depth in Feet : Height above the Sea
12 : Crummock : Cumberland : 3 : ¾ : 132 : 240

placename:- Crummock
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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CRUMMOCK WR.
outline with shore form lines, lake or tarn

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Wyld 1847

Map of the English Lake District, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, engraved by James Wyld, Charing Cross East, London, in Sylvan's Pictorial Handbook to the English Lakes, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, T Johnstone, Edinburgh, etc, 1847.
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printed at bottom:-
LOWESWATER, CRUMMOCK, BUTTERMERE, / ENNERDALE AND WASTWATERS.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Crummock Water
Outline with form lines.

placename:- Crummock Water
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 90:-
...
CRUMMOCK LAKE
Is three miles in length, three quarters of a mile in breadth, and twenty-two fathoms in depth. This lake abounds in trout and char, and receives its main supply of water from Buttermere, from which it is parted by low flat meadows, that are little more than half a mile in breadth. Melbreak rises abruptly on the west side; Rannerdale Knott forms a bold promontory projecting from Buttermere Hawse, which advances up to Grasmire and Whiteside, that close it on the east. Its waters flow out by the Cocker under a pretty bridge. It has three small islands, one a rock, the other covered
Page 91:-
with wood, but being too near the shore, they add nothing to its beauty.
The best general views are from Buttermere Hawse on the east, and from the road between Scale Hill and Lowes Water. But the mountains of this vale, and those at the head of Newlands, are nowhere so impressive as from the bosom of this lake, some of the loftiest rising from its very margin. The middle part of the lake presents the utmost grandeur.
Page 169:-
...
CRUMMOCK WATER is separated from Buttermere by a small tract of flat meadow. The head of the lake is beautiful, the middle part grand, and the foot richly adorned with wood. ...
Page 177:-
A TABLE
OF THE LENGTH, BREADTH, &c. OF THE LAKES,
COLLECTED FROM DIFFERENT AUTHORITIES.

placename:- Crummock Lake
other name:- Crummock Water
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
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Engraving, outline view of mountains, Crummock and Buttermere from the Road near Loweswater Church, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.18 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P023, button   goto source.
Page 23:-
CRUMMOCK LAKE
Is nearly three miles in length, three quarters of a mile in breadth, and twenty-two fathoms deep. It is situated between the two lofty mountains, Grasmire or Grasmoor, on the eastern, and Melbreak on the western side; and in combination with the more distant hills, it affords some excellent views. It has three or four small islands, but they are placed too near the shore to add much to its beauty. The best general views of the lake, are from the rocky point on the eastern side, called the Hause; and from the road between Scale Hill and Loweswater: and the views of the mountains, from the bosom of the lake, are excellent.
Both these lakes are well stocked with trout and char, the latter of which are smaller in size, but perhaps not inferior in quality, to those of Windermere or Coniston.
...
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Page 152:-
The greatest bulk of these mountain rocks have been commonly included under the general appellation of slate; although many of them shew no disposition to the slaty cleavage. They may be classed in three principal divisions.
Of these divisions, the FIRST or lowest in the series, ... extends across Crummock Lake, ...

placename:- Crummock Lake
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Perrot 1823

Map, Cumberland, Westmoreland, scale about 38 miles to 1 inch, by Aristide Michel Perrot, engraved by Migneret, 1823, published by Etienne Ledoux, 9 Rue Guenegaud, Paris, France, 1824; published 1824-48.
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Cramnock
outline with form lines; lake but also marked with a circle

placename:- Cramnock
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Fielding and Walton 1821 (plate 33)

Set of prints, Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes, illustrated with hand coloured aquatints by Theodore Henry Fielding and John Walton, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
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Print, coloured aquatint, Cromack Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, drawn by Theodore H A Fielding, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
Tipped in opposite p.219 in A Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes.

placename:- Crumack Water
date:- 1821
period:- 19th century, early

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY11, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY11, button to large image

placename:- Crummock
lake

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
Crommock Water
outline with form lines; lake or tarn

placename:- Crommock Water
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
Crummok Water
outline with form lines; lake or tarn

placename:- Crummok Water
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Housman 1800 map 3

Plan of Lancaster, scale about 5.5 inches to 1 mile, engraved by McIntyre, published by F Jollie, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1800.
thumbnail HM01Cru, button to large image
CRUMMOCK WATER

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1800
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
CROMMACK WATER
image Ws02NY12, button   goto source.
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image Ws02NY11, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY11, button to large image

placename:- Crommack Water
lake
county:- Cumberland

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (But/Cru/Low)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
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CRUMMOCK LAKE
Lat. of Crummock Lake ... 54. 30. N. Long. ... 3. 26. W.

placename:- Crummock Lake
lake
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P138, button   goto source.
Page 138:-
...
CROMACK-WATER [1],
Soon opens after you leave the village [Buttermere], and pass through an oaken grove. A fine expanse of water sweeps away to the right under a rocky promontory, Randon-knot, or Buttermere-hawse. The road then serpentizes round the rock, and under a rugged, pyramidal, craggy mountain. From the crest of this rock, the whole extent of the lake is discovered. ...
This lake is beautified with three small isles. One of rock lies just before you. The
[1] This lake abounds with the finest char, and red trout, and contains also some pike and perch.
image WS21P139, button   goto source.
Page 139:-
whole eastern shore is diversified with bays, the banks with scattered trees, and a few inclosures, terminated by a hanging wood. ...
...
These lakes are of a much greater depth than Derwent-water, and this may be the only reason why they have char, and some others have not. The char, in the summer months, retire to the deeps, probably to avoid the heat. The water here is clear, but not so transparent as the lake of Derwent. The outlet is at the north-east corner, by the river Cocker, over which is a handsome stone bridge, of four arches. This lake is four miles in length, and in some places almost half a mile over.
...
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Page 190:-
A TABLE OF THE Height of Mountains and Lakes SEEN IN THIS TOUR, ... TAKEN FROM THE LEVEL OF THE SEA. ... by Mr. John Dalton.
Crummock-water ... 91 [yards]

placename:- Cromack Water
Altitude 273 feet
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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outline with form lines
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Smith 1751

Map of the Black Lead Mines in Cumberland, and area, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, by George Smith, published in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1751.
thumbnail GM13b, button to large image
CROMAC LAKE
outline with form lines; lake

placename:- Cromac Lake
date:- 1751
period:- 18th century, late; 1750s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY11, button to large image
Outline with shore shaded, dotted area.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY513, button to large image
Lake.
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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outline, shaded
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY12, button   goto source.
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Loweswater
Lake.

placename:- Loweswater
county:- Cumberlandia
lake
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Crummock Water
outline, shaded; lake

placename:- Crummock Water
locality:- Allerdale above Derwent Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Crummock [Wr.]
outline, shaded; lake

placename:- Crummock Water
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Badeslade 1742 -- possibly relevant

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
thumbnail BD10, button to large image
outline with form lines

county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

old drawing:-
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Drawing, Lake Series, Crummock Water from Ling Crag, Buttermere, Cumberland, by Thomas Bushby, 1884-89.
Cattle stand in the shallows of the lake on the far shore of which stands a farm; beyond rise rocky fells.
Designed for Hudson Scott and Sons, box mfrs.
inscribed at bottom left:-
Crummock Water FROM LING CRAG
signed & inscribed at bottom right:-
Thos Bushby 'LAKE' SERIES

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1880=1889
period:- 19th century, late

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1379, button to large image
Drawing, Near Crummock Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, by John Harper, 1840.
Valley showing hillside on right and group of trees at base of hills. Executed in pencil with touches of white gouache on buff coloured paper. Preparatory sketch drawn on the spot by the artist.
at bottom right:-
near Crummock Water. 13 Sep/40

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1840
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1401, button to large image
Drawing, Crummock Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, by William Havell, 1800s-10s.
View of Crummock Water surrounded by hills. One of a set of twenty views of the lake district executed by the artist on one sheet of paper.
at bottom:-
Crummock Water II 209

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1800=1819
period:- 19th century, early

old drawing:-
thumbnail PR1405, button to large image
Drawing, Crummock and Buttermere lakes, Buttermere, Cumberland, by William Havell, 1800s-10s.
View of Crummock and Buttermere with large hills in background. One of a set of twenty views of the lake district executed by the artist on one sheet of paper.
at bottom:-
Crummock & Buttermere II 218
date:- 1800=1819
period:- 19th century, early

old map:- Pearson 1900s map (But/Cru/Low)

Pearson's Map to the Lake District, two sheets, Northern Section and Southern Section, Westmorland, Cumberland etc, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by George Philip and Son, London, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
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Map, lithograph, Buttermere, Crummock Water and Loweswater, Cumberland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.xxv of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
By permission of the Controller of H.M. Stationery Office. / BUTTERMERE, CRUMMOCK WATER AND LOWESWATER.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Barber and Atkinson 1927

Guide book, Lakeland Passes, by John B Barber and George Atkinson, published by James Atkinson, Caxton Printing Works, Ulverston, Lancashire, 3rd edn 1928.
thumbnail AK0412, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Buttermere and Crummock with Fleetwith Pike in distance, Cumberland, by Pettit, Keswick, published by James Atkinson, Caxton Printing Works, Ulverston, Lancashire, 1928.
Tipped in opposite p.64 of Lakeland Passes, by John B Barber and George Atkinson, 1927, 3rd edn 1928.
printed at bottom:-
Photo Pettitts, Keswick.) Buttermere and Crummock with Fleetwith Pike iin distance. (To face plage 64.

placename:- Crummock
date:- 1927
period:- 1920s

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL154, button to large image
Print, engraving, Crummock Water, by the hause, Buttermere, Cumberland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.209 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
CRUMMOCK WATER.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836 (version 1869)

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT211, button to large image
Print, hand coloured, Crummock Lake, from the East, Buttermere, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, 1836, engraved by W F Topham, published by T J Allman, 463 Oxford Street, London, 1869.
Included in The Lakes of England, by W F Topham.
printed at bottom:-
CRUMMOCK LAKE, / from the East.
printed at bottom:-
Gale Fell. / Blea Fell. / Scale Knot. / Melbreak. / Whinfell. / Grasmoor. / Low Fell. / Whiteless.

placename:- Crummock Lake
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT128, button to large image
Print, engraving, Crummock Lake, from the East, Buttermere, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.74 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
CRUMMOCK LAKE. / from the East.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Gale Fell. / Blea Fell. / Scale Knot. / Melbreak. / Whinfell. / Grasmoor. / Lowfell. / Whiteless.

placename:- Crummock Lake
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0124, button to large image
Print, aquatint, Crummock Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, by William Green, 1819, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.2 p.209 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.2, page 209, line 23. / CRUMMOCK WATER. / Published at Ambleside, Augt. 1. 1819, by Wm. Green.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1819

Guide book, 2 volumes, The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green, Ambleside, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1819 and 1820.
thumbnail GN0125, button to large image
Print, aquatint, Crummock and Buttermere Waters, Buttermere, Cumberland, by William Green, 1819, published by R Lough and Co, Chronicle Office, Finkle Street, Kendal, and others, 1820.
Tipped in opposite vol.2 p.211 of The Tourist's New Guide, by William Green.
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Vol.2, page 211, line 2. / CRUMMOCK and BUTTERMERE WATERS. / Published at Ambleside, Augt. 1. 1819, by Wm. Green.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1819
period:- 19th century, early

old text:- Miller 1847

Report on the Fall of Rain in the Lake Districts of Cumberland and Westmoreland in 1846, by John Fletcher Miller, printed by G Irwin, Lowther Street, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1847.
Page 6:-
...
The following account of a whirlblast, observed on Crummock Lake in February last, may perhaps be deemed worthy of insertion, by those who take an interest in observing, and tracing the causes of atmospheric phenomena. Owing, probably, to its peculiar, twisted form, whirlwinds are of very common occurrence on this Lake:-
WHIRLWINDS ON CRUMMOCK LAKE. - On the 4th inst. (February, 1846,) as a friend of mine was proceeding along the margin of Crummock Lake, his attention was attracted by the wind suddenly taking up an immense body of water, by a sweeping rotary motion, until it formed a column 180 feet in height, and apparently five or six yards in diameter at the base; though it must, in reality, have been much more, as the observer was half a mile or more distant from the spot where the phenomenon occurred, which was about 150 yards above the Boat House, and near the centre of the Lake. Its progressive movement, if any, was exceedingly slow, and, after continuing entire for fifteen or twenty seconds, a tremendous gust, in a moment dispersed the entire body of water, sweeping it along towards the entrance of the Cocker, in the form of dense sheet of spray, which, from its whiteness, greatly resembled a rapidly falling snow shower. The sides of the column were dark, as though formed of a solid body of water, but the mass was faintly transparent, and, evidently, hollow in the middle, yet without any ascending central current. The phenomenon was, doubtless, formes by a sudden rotatory motion communicated to the water by a whirlblast, produced by the meeting of strong, opposite, and contrary currents of wind. The pillar
Page 7:-
was nearly of the same diameter throughout its height or extent, but was tending slightly towards a point when it was swept away. The water was much more agitated round the base of the pillar, than in other parts of the Lake. The day was fine, but very squally, and at the time of the occurrence, the sky was quite clear overhead; had there been a Rain cloud above, the apex of the column would probably have coalesced with the crown of the nimbus, and a waterspout would have been the result. A few minutes after the disappearance of the column, and when the observer had arrived at the edge of the clump of scraggy oaks, near the foot of Melbreck, another whirlblast occurred. The leaves, and other light substances, were rolled backwards and forwards on the ground, and then, almost instantaneously, were taken up in a conical form, by a spiral or screw-like motion, as high as the top of the mountain (about 2400 feet), and again slowly descended, like flakes of snow.
These phenomena are of frequent occurrence in vallies surrounded by lofty mountains, like those of Cumberland and Westmorland. Pikes of hay are often taken up by them, and scattered to every point of the compass.

placename:- Crummock Lake
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

old print:- Pyne 1853

Set of prints, The English Lake District, or Lake Scenery of England, scenes painted by James Barker Pyne, lithographed by W Gauci, published by Thomas Agnew and Sons, Manchester, 1853; published 1853-70.
thumbnail PY18, button to large image
Crummock Water
Drawn by James Barker Pyne, 1848-1853, lithographed by T Picken, 1859.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1848=1853
period:- 19th century, early; 19th century, late; 1840s; 1850s

old print:- Harwood 1842

Set of prints, uncoloured engravings bound in a booklet, Harwood's Views of the Lakes, drawn by John and Frederick Harwood, 26 Fenchurch Street, London, about 1842.
thumbnail HRW219, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Crummock Water and Buttermere, Cumberland, engraved and published by John and Frederick Harwood, 26 Fenchurch Street, London, 1842.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
London, J & F. Harwood, 26, Fenchurch Street. / August 17, 1842. / Crummock Water and Buttermere.
date:- 1842
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.52)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0020, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Crummock Water, Cumberland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by W le Petit, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1833.
vol.1 pl.52 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / W. Le Petit. / CRUMMOCK WATER, CUMBERLAND. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1833.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Farington 1816 (plate 28)

Set of prints, 43 engravings, The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland, drawings by Jospeph Farington, with text by Thomas Hartwell Horne, published by T Cadell, and W Davies, Strand, and by J M'Creery, Black Horse Court, Fleet Street, London, 1816.
thumbnail PR0448, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Buttermere and Crommock Water, Buttermere, Cumberland, drawn by Joseph Farington, engraved by F R Hay, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1815.
Plate 28 in The Lakes of Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland.
The accompanying text is by Thomas Hartwell Horne:-
BUTTERMERE AND CROMMOCK WATER.
...
CROMMOCK, or CRUMMOCK WATER, which is seen in the fore-ground of the present view, is separated from Buttermere by a fine level and luxuriant vale. The view form the middle of Crummock Water is singularly grand: the mountains on each side, rise immediately from the water, and consequently appear higher as well as more precipitous than some others in its neighbourhood. Some of these are naked, other wooded to their bases; some are verdant, and some rocky and heathy. This lake is nearly four miles long, and about half a mile broad.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Drawn by J. Farington. / Engraved by F. R. Hay. / Buttermere and Crommock Water. / London, Published Septr. 15, 1815, by T. Cadell & W. Davies, Strand.

placename:- Crommock Water
other name:- Crummock Water
date:- 1815
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Adams 1852

Guide book, Adams's Pocket Descriptive Guide to the Lake District, by Sir Edward Litt Laman Blanchard, illustrated by F G Delamotte, published by W J Adams, 59 Fleet Street, London, 1852.
thumbnail AD03E6, button to large image
Print, engraving, Crummock Water and Buttermere Lake, by F G Delamotte, published by W J Adams, 59 Fleet Street, London, 1852.
Tipped in opp.p.67 in Adams's Pocket Descriptive Guide to the Lake District.
printed at lower centre:-
F DELAMOTTE
printed at bottom:-
CRUMMOCK WATER AND BUTTERMERE LAKE.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1852
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Nelson 1859

Guide book, in the Nelson's Handbooks for Tourists series, The English Lakes, published by T Nelson and Sons, Paternoster Row, London, 1859.
thumbnail NS0103, button to large image
Print, engraving, Crummock Water, drawn by Keeley Halswelle, Edinburgh, published by T Nelson and Sons, Paternoster Row, London, and Edinburgh and New York, United States, 1859.
A gentleman and a group of ladies are having a picnic on the shore.
Tipped in oppposite p.86 of a guide book, The English Lakes.
printed at bottom, left, centre:-
Keley Haswell delt. / CRUMMOCK WATER.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1859
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Prior 1865

Guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
thumbnail PI0109, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Crummock Water from Lanthwaite Wood, Buttermere, Cumberland, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
Included on page 75 of the guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior.
printed at bottom:-
CRUMMOCK-WATER, FROM LANTHWAITE WOOD.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1865
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0338, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Crummock Water, Buttermere, and Honister Crag, Cumberland, by E Dalziel, published late 19th century?
On a page of The Land We Live In.
printed at lower left:-
E. DALZIEL.
printed at bottom:-
5.- CRUMMOCK WATER, BUTTERMERE, AND HONISTER CRAG.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1860=1879
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0271, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Crummock Water, Buttermere, and Honister Crag, Cumberland, published 1900s?
printed at bottom:-
5.- CRUMMOCK WATER, BUTTERMERE, AND HONISTER CRAG.

placename:- Crummock Water
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:-
thumbnail PR0267, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Crummock Lake, Cumberland, engraved by J Gellatly, published by J Menzies, 61 Princes Street, Edinburgh, early 19th century?
printed at bottom right, centre:-
J. Gellatly / CRUMMOCK LAKE. / Published by J. Menzies - 61, Princes St. Edinr.

placename:- Crummock Lake
date:- 1820=1839
period:- 19th century, early

old map:-
thumbnail PR0435, button to large image
Print, coloured aquatint, Cromack Water, Cumberland, published about 1820?
printed at bottom:-
CROMACK WATER

placename:- Cromack Water
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- 23.9.2012
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- 23.9.2012
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- From the north west. -- 7.11.2005
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- WNW from Hause Point. -- 25.12.2005
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- From Buttermere Hause. -- 24.4.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- From Buttermere Hause. -- 24.4.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- From Grey Knotts. -- 22.9.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- From Brandreth. -- 22.9.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- Near Wood House. -- 17.2.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Crummock Water -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- Looking north west. -- 25.12.2005

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button   station, Crummock Water by boat
button   station, Dob Ley Head
button   station, Flass Wood
button   station, Gatesgarth
button   Woodhouse Islands, Crummock Water

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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