button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Ennerdale
parish Ennerdale and Kinniside parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
valley
coordinates:- NY108153
10Km square:- NY11

1Km square NY1015

photograph

Ennerdale -- Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 4.4.2007
photograph

Ennerdale -- Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 1.4.2009

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY11, button to large image
Ennerdale
area

placename:- Ennerdale
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
thumbnail O80E11, button to large image
Engraving, outline view of mountains, Ennerdale from a Field near Kirkland and Salter, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.20 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Ennerdale
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P149, button   goto source.
Page 149:-
A variety of granite with reddish felspar, and which from a deficiency of mica, has sometimes been
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Page 151:-
called sienite, .... At Nether-wasdale it becomes a finer grained sienite, in which form it extends through the mountains quite across Ennerdale, as far as Scale Force, and to the side of Buttermere Lake. It contains veins of red hematite and micaceous iron ore.
image OT01P152, button   goto source.
Page 152:-
The greatest bulk of these mountain rocks have been commonly included under the general appellation of slate; although many of them shew no disposition to the slaty cleavage. They may be classed in three principal divisions.
Of these divisions, the FIRST or lowest in the series, ... extends ... by the foot of Ennerdale as far as Dent Hill; ...
...
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Page 155:-
The SECOND division [of slate rocks] comprehends the mountains of Eskdale, Wasdale, Ennerdale, Borrowdale, Langdale, Grasmere, Patterdale, Martindale, Mardale, and some adjacent places; including the two highest mountains of the district, Scawfell and Helvellyn, as well as the Old Man at Coniston. All our fine towering crags belong to it; and most of the cascades among the lakes fall over it. There are indeed some lofty precipices in the former division; ...
...
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Page 164:-
neighbourhood of the lakes. Bowlders from the sienite of Buttermere and Ennerdale are found on the west coast of Cumberland; but not in the vales of Keswick or Windermere. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY11, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY11, button to large image
ENNERDALE

placename:- Ennerdale
valley

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P293, button   goto source.
Account of Ennerdale, late 18th century
Page 293:-
IN a ride from Keswick to Ennerdale, the mountains, between whose bases an irregular avenue opens for the curious tourist, are more variegated than those in other regions of this little world of wonders. In the course of ten minutes' travelling, he will behold the most beautiful verdure climbing to the summit of one, a bushy wood creeping to the top of another, and the most tremendous fragments of rock scowling from the front of a third. The pillar challenges particular notice.
If a transient storm disturb or intercept the view, which frequently happens in the serenest days of summer, the appearance is not only awful, but pleasing; and the traveller will frequently behold a tempest, without feeling it. The commotion is far above him; and where he treads, all is calm, solemn, and silent. As he approaches the vale of Ennerdale, in whose bosom one of the most enchanting of the lakes is seated, he will find the rugged scenery of the country gradually refining; and as he winds round the foot of the Pillar, he will discover a vista, which cannot fail to strike the most indifferent observer with astonishment and pleasure.
The mountains which serve to heighten this scene, and enhance its surprise, are Sty-head, Honister-crag, Wastdale, the Pillar, and Red-pike. The Liza waters the base of the latter; and on its margin lies an even, level road, not formed by the hand of man, but presenting to the eye the appearance of a pavement. ...
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Page 295:-
...
... The lake of Ennerdale appears in view. To the left, a majestic wood, rising gradually up the side of Cold-fell from the opposite shore of the water, imparts the most graceful ornament to the entrance into a region perfectly different from the last. A short turn to the right lays the whole lake and valley open to the view, and Herd-house presents his tawny front, as regent of the scene. The furniture of the lake (if the expression may be allowed) is totally changed: on the traveller's side (the east) the farms are stretched out, and exhibit a verdure seldom exceeded in the most fertile parts of this kingdom; and in a compass of a few miles, the number of small tenements seem to say with Goldsmith,
   'Here every rood maintains its man.'
On the opposite shore of this little ocean (which is frequently seen vexed with little storms of short duration) the mountain towers with great dignity; neither terrible nor in-
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Page 296:-
[in]viting in its aspect, but suited to the serenity of the spot, which is calculated to inspire sentiments at once sublime and chearful. ...

placename:- Ennerdale
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 230:-
VALE OF ENNERDALE AND KINNISIDE.
Ashburner, Lawerence, innkeeper, Ennerdale Bridge.
Atkinson, Joseph, yeoman, Croft Foot.
Attwood, Henry, Esq., Hazel Holm.
Belt Joseph, farmer, Whins.
Bowman, Mrs., Mireside.
Buchanan, James, guide, &c., Angler's Inn.
Dixon, Thomas, yeoman, Whitebanks.
Fearon, John, miller, Ennerdale Mill.
Hunter, John, yeoman, Croft Brow.
Jackson, John, yeoman, High Cockhow.
Jukes, Rev. W. M., Parsonage.
Kitchin, H., yeoman, How Side.
Peel, Joseph, yeoman, Gill.
Ray, John, parish clerk, Lanefoot
Robinson, John, joiner, Ennerdale Bridge.
Page 231:-
Shepherd, John, yeoman, Standing Stone.
Shepherd, Rob., yeoman, Lagget
Simpson, John, miller, Kinniside Mill.
Steel, John, yeoman, Gill.
Steel, Henry, yeoman, Cotta.
Sumpton, Joseph, yeoman, Low Waterside.
Townson, W., yeoman, Swinside
Tyson, George, innkeeper, Ennerdale Bridge.
Tyson, John, yeoman, Gillerthwaite.
Williamson, Joseph, shoemaker, Little Bridge.
Wood, Joseph, yeoman, Birk Moss.
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old print:- Matthew 1866

Guide book, The English Lakes, Peaks and Passes, from Kendal to Keswick, by George King Matthew, published by J Richardson, Highgate, Kendal, Westmorland, 1866.
thumbnail MW1E04, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Ennerdale, Cumberland, published by J Richardson, Highgate, Kendal, Westmorland, 1866.
Tipped in before p.1 of The English Lakes, Peaks and Passes, from Kendal to Keswick, by George King Matthew.
printed at bottom:-
ENNERDALE

placename:- Ennerdale
date:- 1866
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Pyne 1853

Set of prints, The English Lake District, or Lake Scenery of England, scenes painted by James Barker Pyne, lithographed by W Gauci, published by Thomas Agnew and Sons, Manchester, 1853; published 1853-70.
thumbnail PY15, button to large image
Vales of Ennerdale and Buttermere
Drawn by James Barker Pyne, 1848-1853, lithographed by T Picken, 1859.

placename:- Vale of Ennerdale
date:- 1848=1853
period:- 19th century, early; 19th century, late; 1840s; 1850s

old print:- Prior 1865

Guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
thumbnail PI0113, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Upper Ennerdale, Ennerdale and Kinniside, Cumberland, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
Included on page 91 of the guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior.
printed at bottom:-
BLACK SAIL. / UPPER ENNERDALE. / SCARTH GAP.

placename:- Ennerdale
date:- 1865
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Prior 1865

Guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
thumbnail PI0104, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Ennerdale, with Revelin Crag and Angler's Crag, Ennerdale and Kinniside, Cumberland, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
Included on page 10 of the guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior.
printed at bottom:-
ENNERDALE.

placename:- Ennerdale
date:- 1865
period:- 19th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0319, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Ennerdale, from Scarf Gap, Cumberland, engraved by Whymper, published 1920s-30s?
On page 233 of Picturesque Europe, The Lake Country.
printed at lower right:-
WHYMPER. SC
printed at bottom:-
Ennerdale, from Scarf Gap.

placename:- Ennerdale
date:- 1920=1939
period:- 1920s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Ennerdale -- Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 4.7.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Ennerdale -- Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 25.6.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Ennerdale -- Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- From Crag Fell. -- 27.4.2011

button   Angler's Inn, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Beckfoot, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   bield, Ennerdale
button   Bleach Green Cottages, Ennerdale
button   Bowness Knott, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Bowness, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Braemar, Ennerdale
button   bridge, Ennerdale
button   bridge, Ennerdale and Kinniside (2)
button   Brown How, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Ennerdale Forest, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Ennerdale Mill, Ennerdale
button   Ennerdale Water
button   fence, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   fingerpost, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   footbridge, Ennerdale
button   footbridge, Ennerdale and Kinniside (3)
button   footbridge, Ennerdale and Kinniside (4)
button   footbridge, Ennerdale (2)
button   Gillerthwaite, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Grike Cottage, Ennerdale
button   Jennycrag Well, Ennerdale
button   Marble Stone, Ennerdale
button   mill, Ennerdale
button   Mireside, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Moss Dub, Ennerdale
button   Pillar Cove, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Pillar Rock, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Routen Farm, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   sheepfold, Ennerdale and Kinniside (3)
button   sheepfold, Ennerdale (2)
button   sheepfold, Ennerdale (3)
button   sheepfold, Ennerdale (4)
button   St Mary, Ennerdale
button   station, Ennerdale
button   stone wall, Ennerdale (2)
button   Windgap Cove, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Woundell Beck

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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