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 road, Windermere to Penrith
road, Windermere to Kirkstone Pass
Windermere to Kirkstone Pass
Kirkstone Pass to Windermere
civil parish:-   Lakes (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   road route
coordinates:-   SD406993
coordinates:-   NY401080
1Km square:-   SD4099
10Km square:-   SD49
10Km square:-   NY40

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
double line; road, with mile numbers 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Images © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P033, button  goto source
Page 33:-  "... he [the tourist] will take a car for the day, and go by Troutbeck to Patterdale."
"The country people will tell him, as he turns up to Troutbeck at Cook's House, that he is going to see "the handsomest view in these parts,- especially at the back-end of the year." And wonderfully fine the views are, as the road ascends, commanding the entire lake, and the whole range of mountains from Coniston Old Man to Fairfield. ..."
image MNU1P035, button  goto source
Page 35:-  "... The dale [Troutbeck] looks from the uplands as if it had been scooped out between the ridges with a gigantic scoop. Its levels are parcelled out into small fields, of all manner of shapes; and the stream,- the beck abounding in trout,- winds along the bottom, from the foot of High Street, to fall into the lake just by Calgarth."
"The road now followed by the tourist descends into the vale sharply, by the abode of John Wilson, Esq., at The How, and crosses the bridge, in full view of the chapel, ... Immediately beyond the bridge, the road mounts again very steeply, till it joins that which runs along the hill sides, on the western side of the valley. This road is to be followed up the valley; and the tourist must lose none of its beauties. Behind him, there are views of the receding lake, now diminished to the likeness of a cabinet picture:- below, is the deep vale with its green levels: opposite, the grassy slopes ascend to the ridges of High Street and Hill Bell; and before him, Troutbeck Tongue"
image MNU1P036, button  goto source
Page 36:-  "protrudes, splitting the valley into two, and being itself most lovely with its farmstead, and dropped thorns, and coppice and grey rocks: while, behind and above it, the vale head rises into grandeur, with its torrents leaping down, and its pathway winding up, indicating the pass into Mardale. The stranger is not going that way, however. He turns over a gentler pass to the left, which leads him, on the slope of Wansfell, away from Troutbeck. As he bids farewell to the Tongue, he sees the summit of Kirkstone before him. He is passing over the somewhat boggy upland where the Stock takes its rise, to flow down to and through Ambleside, after having taken the leap called Stockghyll Force. The tourist may see that in the evening, if there is time:- he is going the other way now."
"His road meets the one from Ambleside at a small public-house, ... In clear weather, the sea is seen hence, and the thread of smoke from its steamers. The head of Windermere lies like a pond below: the little Blelham tarn, near Wray Castle, glitters behind; and range beyond range of hills recedes to the horizon. Near at hand, all is very wild. The Ambleside road winds up steeply between grey rocks and moorland pasture, and dashing streams; and the Kirkstone mountain has probably mists driving about its head. There is something wilder to come, however,- the noted Kirkstone Pass,- the great pass of the district. The descent begins about a quarter of a mile beyond the house. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Prior 1874 map 1
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving or lithograph? Winander Mere, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1874.
image  click to enlarge
"To Troutbeck"
double line; road 
item:-  private collection : 133.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   gradient diagram:- Gall and Inglis 1890s-1900s (Roads) 
source data:-   Contour Road Book of England, Northern Division, by Harry R G Inglis, published by Gall and Inglis, 25 Paternoster Square, London and Edinburgh, 1898.
image  click to enlarge
Itinerary, with gradient diagram, route 177, Penrith to Windermere, and route 178, Penrith to Keswick, Westmorland and Cumberland, 1898. 
item:-  JandMN : 763.14
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old strip map:- CTC 1911 (Roads) 
source data:-   Page 93 of Cyclists' Touring Club British Road Book new series vol.6, edited by F B Sandford, published by Thomas Nelson and Sons, London etc, 1911.
image  click to enlarge
Strip road map, route 42, Kirkstone Bowness Grange-over-Sands, part of Haydon Bridge to Grange-over-Sands, scale roughly 5 miles to 1 inch. 
Together with an itinerary and gradient diagram. 
item:-  JandMN : 491.93
Image © see bottom of page

places:-    Windermere
 Cook's Corner, Windermere
 Kirkstone Pass, Patterdale

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