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Stake Pass, Borrowdale
Stake Pass
civil parish:-   Borrowdale (formerly Cumberland)
civil parish:-   Lakes (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   pass
coordinates:-   NY26530869 (pile of stones) 
1Km square:-   NY2608
10Km square:-   NY20
altitude:-   1575 feet
altitude:-   480m

BNL57.jpg  Stake Gill towards Stake Pass, from SW.
(taken 26.3.2007)  
BRW48.jpg (taken 11.11.2009)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 18 13) 
placename:-  Stake Pass
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
OS County Series (Wmd 25 1) 

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
placename:-  Stake of Borrowdale
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P101, button  goto source
Page 101:-  "Whoever chooses an Alpine journey of a very extraordinary nature, may return thro' Borrowdale to Ambleside, or Hawkshead.- A guide will be necessary from Rosthwaite, over the Stake of Borrowdale (a steep mountain so called) to Langdale Chapel. This ride is the wildest that can be imagined, for the space of eight miles [1]. Above the culti-"
"[1] Every part of nature has something to recommend it to the observation of the susceptible and ingenious. A walk or ride, on the summits of mountains, will afford a species of ideas, which, though often neither of the social or luxuriant kind, will, nevertheless, greatly affect and entertain. The large unvariegated features of these hills, their elevation, and even their desolate appearance, are all sources of the sublime. ..."
image WS21P102, button  goto source
Page 102:-  "[culti]vated tract the dale narrows, but the skirts of the mountains are covered with the sweetest"
image WS21P103, button  goto source
Page 103:-  "verdure, and have once waved with aged wood. Many large roots still remain, with some scattered trees."
"Just where the road begins to ascend the Stake, are said to be the remains of a bloomery, close by the water-fall on the left; but no tradition relates at what time it was last worked. This I could never verify from any visible remains. The mineral was found in the mountain, and the wood used in smelting had covered their steep sides. The masses of iron found on Castle-crag were probably smelted here. Cataracts and water-falls abound on all sides. A succession of water-falls will meet you on the ascent up the Stake, and others will accompany you down the most dreadful descent in Langdale. The scenes on the Borrowdale side are in part sylvan"
image WS21P104, button  goto source
Page 104:-  "and pastoral, on the side of Langdale entirely rocky. The Stake exhibits a miniature of very bad Alpine road, across a mountain, just not perpendicular, and about five miles over. The road makes many traverses so close, that at every flexture it seems almost to return into itself, and such as are advancing in different traverses, appear to go different ways. In descending the Stake, on the Langdale side, a cataract accompanies you on the left, with all the horrors of a precipice. Langdale-pike, called Pike-a-Stickle, and Steel-pike, is an accessible pyramidal rock, and commands the whole. Here nature seems to have discharged all her useless load of matter and rock, when form was first impressed on chaos. Pavey-ark is a hanging rock 600 feet in height, and under it is Stickle-tarn, a large bason of water, formed in the bosom of the rock, and which pours down in a cataract at Mill-beck. Below this, White-gill-crag opens to the centre, a dreadful yawning fissure. Beyond Langdale chapel the vale becomes more pleasing, and the road is good to Ambleside or Hawkshead, by Scalewith-bridge."

evidence:-   old map:- West 1784 map
placename:-  Stake
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, about 1784.
item:-  Armitt Library : A1221.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
placename:-  Stake
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Stake, The
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
"The Stake"
pass, between hachures 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P145, button  goto source
Page 145:-  "..."
"The top of the Stake Pass is five miles and a-half from Rosthwaite. The last house,- Stonethwaite,- is left behind at the end of a mile. The path follows, and at length crosses, the stream, which is the infant Derwent,- finding its way down from Angle Tarn, lying high up in a recess of Bowfell. The rocky mass of Eagle Crag rises on the left; and further on, the curious stone called Black Cap. At the top of the Stake, the guide (who may be had from the inn at Rosthwaite) will point out the great summits,- the Scawfell Pikes, Bowfell, Hanging Knotts and Great Gable. Half a-mile of moorland leads to the descent on the Langdale side; a zigzag path which keeps near the stream that dashes down into Langdale. The"
image MNU1P146, button  goto source
Page 146:-  "traveller is under the shadow of Bowfell now, and in the very centre of the mountains. Four miles from the top of the Stake will bring him down to Langdale Head; and two miles more, to the farmhouse of Milbeck."

evidence:-   old print:- Barber and Atkinson 1927
placename:-  Stake Pass
source data:-   Print, halftone photograph, Top of Stake Pass, Borrowdale, Cumberland, by E H Atkinson, published by James Atkinson, Caxton Printing Works, Ulverston, Lancashire, 1928.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.57 of Lakeland Passes, by John B Barber and George Atkinson, 1927, 3rd edn 1928. 
printed at bottom:-  "Photo E. H. Atkinson.) Top of Stake Pass looking down Langstrath. (To face plage 57."
item:-  JandMN : 350.12
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- MacBride 1922
placename:-  Stake Pass
source data:-   Print, colour, Stake Pass and Bowfell, by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, 4-6 Soho Square, London, 2nd edn 1928.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.44 in Wild Lakeland by MacKenzie MacBride. 
printed at bottom:-  "STAKE PASS AND BOWFELL"
signed at lower right:-  "A. HEATON COOPER"
item:-  JandMN : 195.11
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Garnett 1850s-60s A
source data:-   Print, uncoloured engraving, Head of Langdale, from the Blea Tarn Road, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 2nd edn 1860s?
image  click to enlarge
item:-  JandMN : 149.3
Image © see bottom of page

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