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road, Ambleside to Hawkshead
Ambleside to Hawkshead
Hawkshead to Ambleside
civil parish:-   Hawkshead (formerly Lancashire)
civil parish:-   Claife (formerly Lancashire)
civil parish:-   Lakes (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   route
10Km square:-   NY30
10Km square:-   SD39

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
double line; road, with mile numbers 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Images © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P054, button  goto source
Page 54:-  "..."
"At Water-head, the road to the east leads to Ambleside, eight miles; to Hawkshead, three. Ascend a steep hill surronded (sic) with"
image WS21P055, button  goto source
Page 55:-  "wood, and have a back view of the lake. ... turn your face to the east, and you have a view of some part of Windermere-water. The road soon divides; the left leads to Ambleside, the right to Hawkshead, which stands under a mountain, at the upper end of a narrow valley. The church is seated on the front of an eminence that commands the vale, which is floated with"

evidence:-   old print:- Middiman 1784-92
source data:-   Print, uncoloured engraving, View near Ambleside, on the road from Hawkshead, Lancashire, drawn by F Wheatly, engraved and published by Samuel Middiman, 3 Grafton Street, Tottenham Court Road, London, 1785.
image  click to enlarge
"Drawn by F. Wheatly. / Engrav'd by S. Middiman. / VIEW near AMBLESIDE. / Publish'd as the Act directs, Decr. 12. 1785, by S. Middiman, London."
Accompanying text:-  "PLATE XVII."
"IN the Neighbourhood of Ambleside are many beautiful Waterfalls, which, in a wet Season particularly, are seen precipitating themselves down the Sides of the Hills, in a Style of Grandeur superior to any Thing observed in other mountainous Countries."
"At the Head of Winandermere Lake, and about a Mile distant from Ambleside, are the Vestiges of a Roman Camp, which commanded several Passes; it was fortified with a Ditch and Rampart, and had Access only from the South East; its ancient Name is uncertain."
"Since the Beginning of the present Century, Forges for making and working Iron have been re-introduced in these Parts. The Wood of the Mountains is appropriated to the Use of the Furnaces, which has raised the Land to many Times the Value it was sixty Years ago."
"The annexed View exhibits a romantic Scene on the Road leading from Hawkeshead to Ambleside, and about two Miles distance from the former Place."
item:-  Armitt Library : A6862.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Windermere N) 
source data:-   Map, A Map of the Northern Part of the Lake Winandermere and its Environs, scale about 6.5 ins to 1 mile, by James Clarke, engraved by Samuel John Neele, 352 Strand, published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland and in London etc, 1787.
"To Hawkshead"
item:-  private collection : 10.10
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   road map:- Cary 1790 (Lan/edn 1792) 
source data:-   Road map, hand coloured engraving, Lancashire, scale about 18 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, 181 Strand, London, 1790, edn 1792.
image  click to enlarge
double line 
item:-  JandMN : 418
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Cooke 1802
source data:-   Map, Lancashire, scale about 18 miles to 1 inch, by George Cooke, 1802, bound in Gray's New Book of Roads, 1824, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Road, London, 1824.
image  click to enlarge
double line, light dark solid; road 
item:-  Hampshire Museums : FA2000.62.6
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Ford 1839 map
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Map of the Lake District of Cumberland, Westmoreland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, and by R Groombridge, 5 Paternoster Row, London, 3rd edn 1843.
"H to A 5 Ms."
item:-  JandMN : 100.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Prior 1874 map 1
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving or lithograph? Winander Mere, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1874.
image  click to enlarge
"To Hawkshead"
double line; road 
item:-  private collection : 133.1
Image © see bottom of page

places:-    Ambleside
 Clappersgate, Lakes
 Outgate, Hawkshead

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