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Great Mell Fell, Hutton
Great Mell Fell
civil parish:-   Hutton (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   hill
coordinates:-   NY39672538 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY3925
10Km square:-   NY32
altitude:-   1760 feet
altitude:-   536m

BXP07.jpg (taken 27.10.2012)  
BNE95.jpg  From NW.
(taken 17.2.2007)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 57 15) 
placename:-  Great Mell Fell
placename:-  Mell Fell, Great
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   old map:- Donald 1774 (Cmd) 
placename:-  Mell Fell
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
"Mell Fell"
hill hachuring; a hill or mountain 
item:-  Carlisle Library : Map 2
Image © Carlisle Library

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
placename:-  Mell fell
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P054, button  goto source
Page 54:-  "... On the left is Mell-Fell, a beautiful, smooth, verdant mountain, of a shape almost conical, ..."

evidence:-   old print:- Clarke 1787
placename:-  Great Mellfell
source data:-   circle
image  click to enlarge
"Great Mellfell"
item:-  Armitt Library : A6615.12
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
placename:-  Mell Fell
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   perhaps (height wrong) descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
item:-  geology
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P160, button  goto source
Page 160:-  "..."
"A conglomerate, composed of rounded stones of various sizes, from the smallest gravel, to the weight of several pounds, held together by a ferruginous, calcareous cement, forms a hill of a parabolic shape, about 1200 feet in height, called Mell Fell; and some lesser elevations extending to the foot of Ullswater. These pebbles are apparently fragments of older rocks, rounded by attrition, and must have been transported from some distance, as their composition does not correspond with the rocks of the"
image OT01P161, button  goto source
Page 161:-  "neighbourhood. This has been taken by some to belong to the old red sandstone formation; but whether it passes under or only abuts against the adjacent limestone, I have not yet myself had an opportunity of observing; but have been told that their junction may be seen near Shap Abbey; and in a quarry near Greystoke. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Ford 1839 map
placename:-  Mell Fell
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Map of the Lake District of Cumberland, Westmoreland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, and by R Groombridge, 5 Paternoster Row, London, 3rd edn 1843.
"Mell Fell"
Hill hachuring. 
item:-  JandMN : 100.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Mell Fell
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
"Mell Fell"
hill hachuring 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
placename:-  Mell Fell
item:-  larch
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P104, button  goto source
Page 104:-  "... Mell Fell, the ugliest of hills,- like a tumulus planted all over with larch, grows larger as the traveller proceeds, till he finds he is to make a sharp turn to the right, and pass directly under it. Judging from our own experience, we should say that this part of the journey is always broiling hot or bitterly cold. ..."

BND97.jpg  Dockray and Great Mell Fell.
(taken 5.2.2007)  
Click to enlarge
BXP08.jpg  Great Mell Fell and Little Mell Fell.
(taken 27.10.2012)  

It is said that the last wild cat in Cumbria was killed on Great Mell Fell in the mid 19th century. A fearsome and aggressive beast that attacked man and sheep.

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