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placename:- Buttermere
parish Buttermere parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
building/s; locality
coordinates:- NY175169
10Km square:- NY11
place code:- Bttr

1Km square NY1716


Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- 7.11.2005

Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- 3.5.2011

old print:- Bradley 1901

thumbnail BRL132, button to large image
Print, uncoloured lithograph, Approach to Buttermere, Cumberland, by Joseph Pennell, published by Macmillan and Co, London, 1901.
On page 150 of Highways and Byways in the Lake District, by A G Bradley.
printed at bottom:-
Approach to Buttermere.

placename:- Buttermere
date:- 1901
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0426, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Buttermere looking towards Newlands, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower right:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 131:-
... Buttermere ... the attention of the traveller has hardly been sufficiently called to the stormy character of this central district, as shown by the aspect of the mountains. No where else are they so scarred with weather marks, or so diversified in colouring from new rents in the soil. Long sweeps of orange and grey stones descend to Crummock Water; and above, there are large hollows, like craters, filled now with deep blue shadows, and now with tumbling white mists, above which yellow or purple peaks change their hue with every hour of the day, or variation of the sky. The bare, hot-looking débris on the Melbreak side, the chasms in the rocks, and the sudden swellings of the waters, tell of turbulence in all seasons. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY11, button to large image
blocks, settlement, and cross, a church

placename:- Buttermere
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY11, button to large image

placename:- Buttermere
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P154, button   goto source.
Page 154:-
... Veins of lead ore occur in several places; and have been worked between Skiddaw and Saddleback, in Thornthwaite, Newlands, and Buttermere; but one in the parish of Loweswater, and one below the level of Derwent Lake, are the most productive at present in this district.
image OT01P164, button   goto source.
Page 164:-
neighbourhood of the lakes. Bowlders from the sienite of Buttermere and Ennerdale are found on the west coast of Cumberland; but not in the vales of Keswick or Windermere. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY11, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY11, button to large image

placename:- Buttermere

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 85:-
Buttermere is a small chapelry, consisting of about sixteen or eighteen families, who each of them keep a few sheep as in Borrowdale, and all the mountainous parts; the men mostly work at the blue-slate quarries, which here are carried on to a great extent. ...
Buttermere is a chapel of ease under Lorton, though Lorton is but a chapel of ease under Brigham. ...
Page 86:-
The rocks and mountains about Buttermere are truly awful and romantic; but, as I said before, the same kind of views may be seen where the roads are better, and the valleys more inhabited. The landscape-painter will find variety of excellent stations here, as in many other places with stupendous amphitheatres of broken-toped mountains, whose bases are scattered with woods; and as every station adds a fresh view, the greatest connoisseur can hardly distinguish the best. ...

placename:- Buttermere
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (But/Cru/Low)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT8NY11T, button to large image

placename:- Buttermere
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P135, button   goto source.
Page 135:-
... Some traces of industry obtruding
image WS21P136, button   goto source.
Page 136:-
themselves at the foot of the glen, disturb the solemn solitude with which the eye and mind have been entertained, and point out your return to society; for now you approach the village of Buttermere, which is situated between the lakes and consists of sixteen houses. The chapel here is very small, the stipend not large, for though twice augmented with the queen's bounty, it exceeds not twenty pounds per annum. This is one of the cures Mr. Pennant mentions; but the perquisites of the clog-shoes, harden-sark, whittle-gate, and goose-gate, have no better support than in some ancient, and probably idle tale.
The life of the inhabitants is purely pastoral. A few hands are employed in the slate quarries; the women spin woollen yarn, and drink tea. ...
person:- : Pennant, Thomas
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 229:-
Benson, General, Hasness.
Clark, John, farmer, Syke House
Clark, Mrs., innkeeper, Fish Inn
Cowman, Isaac, farmer, Crofts.
Cowman, Jo., innkeeper, Bridge Inn.
Fleming, Daniel, farmer, Wilkin Syke.
Jopson, Charles, gentleman, Wood House.
Nelson, Edward, farmer, Gatesgarth.
PATTERDALE. (Head Office:- Penrith.)
Abbott Joseph, farmer, Hartsop
Alcock, Wm, joiner Bleeze End.
Askew, Henry W., Esq., Glenridding House.
Backhouse, John, boatman.
Bell, John, mining agent, Glenridding.
Bland, Rev. J., Side, Placefell.
Dobson, Benjamin, yeoman, Newhouses.
Dobson, Hiram, joiner and lodging-house, Newhouses.
Dobson, Lancelot, boot and shoe maker, Newhouses.
Gelderd, John, Family Hotel, (Post Office.)
Grisdale, Robert, farmer, Hartsop Hall.
Grisdale, George, yeoman, Greenbank.
Grisdale, John, farmer, Beckstones.
Grisdale, John, miller, Hartsop Mill.
Harrison, Thomas, Cross Keys Inn, Kirkstone Foot.
Hogarth, William, farmer, Deepdale Hall.
Irving, George, tailor & grocer, Township.
Kirkland, John, farmer, Low Hartsop.
Lancaster, Joseph, cordwainer, Bridge End.
Leek, William, parish clerk and boatman.
Leek, J., blacksmith, Deepdale.
Machell, Thomas, White Lion Inn, Township.
Martin, William, farmer, Side, Place Fell.
Martin, Miss, dressmaker, Side.
Marshall, Wm., Esq., Patterdale Hall.
Mattinson, W., carrier, Township
Matthews, James, bookkeeper, Greenside Lodge.
Mounsey, Daniel, Esq., Goldrill Cottage.
Mounsey, J., yeoman, Deepdale.
Mounsey, Daniel, yeoman, Bridge End.
Nelson, Aaron, schoolmaster.
Nelson, Hannah, schoolmistress.
Nicholson, Jos., farmer, Noran Bank.
Pattinson, J., yeoman, Hartsop.
Pattinson, John, grocer, Tenter How.
Pattinson, Wm., waller, Gillside
Peal, Edward, waller & builder, Grasthwaite How.
Rickerby, Joseph, land-agent, Eagle.
Robinson, George, blacksmith, Scarfoot.
Robinson, Thomas, gentleman, Bank Cottage.
Page 230:-
Robinson, John, farmer, Gillside
Rothery, Henry, farmer, Braysteads.
Stalker, Jane, farmer, Tenter How.
Thompson, Rev. John, Parsonage
Thompson, Jos., tailor, Brother Field.
Thompson, John, farmer, Lane Head.
Todhunter, Jos., farmer, Glencoin.
Walton, John, gardener, &c., Bridge End.
Watson, Thomas, blacksmith, Row Head.
Wilson, Mrs., Placefield House.
Winder, John, farmer, Cawdale Beck.
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.3 no.67)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0056, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Buttermere Lake and Village, Cumberland, drawn by G Pickering, engraved by D Buckle, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1835.
vol.3 pl.67 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated. The shepherd gathering his sheep is in a kilt.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-

placename:- Buttermere
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL152, button to large image
Print, engraving, The Vale of Buttermere, Cumberland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.205 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-

placename:- Vale of Buttermere
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

outline view:- Red Guide 1892

Guide book, Guide to the English Lakes, published by Ward, Lock, Bowden, and Co, Warwick House, Salisbury Square, London etc, 1892.
thumbnail RG0105, button to large image
Print, engraving, pair of outline views, Mountains as seen from the Road near Buttermere Church, and Mountains as seen from the Foot of Dun Mallet on Ullswater, published by Ward, Lock and Co, Warwick House, Salisbury Square, London, etc, 1892.
1 Honister Crag 2 Green Crag 3 Green Gable 4 Great Gable 5 Hay Stacks & Eagle Crag 6 Kirk Fell / Scarf Gap (below) 7 High Crag 8 High Stile 9 Red Pike 10 Grey Crag 11 Situation of Scale Force 12 Floutern 13 Hen Combe 14 Melbreak 15 Rannerdale Knot
On p.162 in the Red Guide guide book, Guide to the English Lakes.
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

tiny photograph, 
button to large Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- 17.8.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- View of Fleetwith and Haystacks etc, from Buttermere. -- 11.12.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- Buttermere with Honister in the background. -- 1.4.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- 16.4.2008

tiny photograph, 
button to large Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- Backdrop to Buttermere from SW side; High Snockrigg toGatesgarth. -- 1.11.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Buttermere -- Buttermere -- Cumbria / -- Backdrop to Buttermere from SW side; Grasmoor to Gatesgarth. -- 1.11.2011

story Samuel Taylor Coleridge, in Letters, Conversations and Recollections of S T Coleridge, told that he passed a cottage in near Keswick where a postman was demanding a shilling for a letter. This is before the days of prepaid post. The woman refused to pay, but Coleridge paid the postman for her. Afterwards the woman told Coleridge that the letter was from her son and that the arrival of the letter was enough to let her know that all was well, she had no intention of paying, the letter was blank. This method of defrauding the post was described by Sir Rowland Hill in a pamphlet about post office reform, 1837.
Later the story gets changed: Coleridge becomes Hill; son becomes a brother; and the place becomes Buttermere.

button   Bowderbeck, Buttermere
button   Bridge Hotel, Buttermere
button   bridge, Buttermere
button   Buttermere Fell, Buttermere
button   Buttermere lake
button   Buttermere Mine, Buttermere
button   Crag Houses, Buttermere
button   Cragg Farm, Buttermere
button   Croft Farm, Buttermere
button   fingerpost, Buttermere
button   Fish Hotel, Buttermere
button   Hass Ness, Buttermere
button   High House, Buttermere
button   mill, Buttermere
button   Old Vicarage, Buttermere
button   St James, Buttermere
button   station, Buttermere
button   station, Dob Ley Head
button   station, Flass Wood
button   station, Gatesgarth
button   Syke Farm, Buttermere
button   village hall, Buttermere
button   Wilkinsyke Farm, Buttermere

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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