button to main menu  Otley's Guide 1823 (5th edn 1834)

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Page 154:-
[stratifica]tion follows the slaty cleavage, then it may be said to have its bearing tending towards the north-east and south-west; dipping generally at a high angle to the south-east, and presenting the edges of its laminae to the surface of the granite, from the proximity of which the nature and appearance of the rock must be presumed to be altered.
The rocks belonging to this division do not effervesce with acids; they contain no calcareous spar, except a little in some of the veins. They are sometimes intersected by dykes of a harder kind of rock, apparently of the nature of trap or greenstone. Veins of lead ore occur in several places; and have been worked between Skiddaw and Saddleback, in Thornthwaite, Newlands, and Buttermere; but one in the parish of Loweswater, and one below the level of Derwent Lake, are the most productive at present in this district. A copper mine had formerly been worked to a great depth in a hill called Gold Scalp, in Newlands, and is said to have produced a very rich ore, which appears to have been a yellow sulphuret or copper pyrites. A little cobalt ore has been got in Newlands, and small quantities of manganese in various places. A salt spring near the Grange in Borrowdale, has anciently been in some repute for its medicinal qualities; another has been more recently discovered in working a lead mine near Derwent Lake. They both issue from veins in this rock, but their source remains unknown.
gazetteer links
button -- Brandlehow Mine
button -- Buttermere
button -- Goldscope Mine
button -- Loweswater Mines
button -- "Newlands" -- Newlands Valley (?)
button -- Saddleback
button -- (salt spring, Borowdale)
button -- (salt spring, Borowdale (2))
button -- Salt Well Mines
button -- Skiddaw
button -- Thornthwaite
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