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Barnscar, Muncaster
City of Barnscar
site name:-   Birker Moor
civil parish:-   Muncaster (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   british settlement
coordinates:-   SD13279590
1Km square:-   SD1395
10Km square:-   SD19

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 83 9) 
placename:-  Barnscar
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
"Barnscar (Site of Ancient British Settlement)"

evidence:-   old map:- Donald 1774 (Cmd) 
placename:-  City of Barsea
placename:-  Barsea, City of
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
"Remains of the City of Barsea"
blocks and perhaps smal buildings 
item:-  Carlisle Library : Map 2
Image © Carlisle Library

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
placename:-  City of Barnscar
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P082, button  goto source
Page 82:-  "A plot of ground near the foot of Devoke Water exhibits traces of numerous buildings in the form of streets. It is called the city of Barnscar."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  City of Barnscar
placename:-  Barnscar
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P013, button  goto source
Page 13:-  "..."
"... On Birkby Fell, the antiquarian may find employment for his conjectural genius in researches among the ruins of the city of Barnscar, the site of which is an oblong of three hundred yards by"
image FD01P014, button  goto source
Page 14:-  "one hundred yards. Silver coins have been found in the ruins."

Hut circles and enclosures. Collared urns, bronze age, have been found under some of the cairns.

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