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Holy Trinity, Mardale
Holy Trinity Church
Mardale Church
site name:-   Haweswater Reservoir
locality:-   Mardale Green
locality:-   Mardale
civil parish:-   Shap Rural (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   church (flooded) 
coordinates:-   NY475117
1Km square:-   NY4711
10Km square:-   NY41

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 20 4) 
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
"Church (Per Curacy)"

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
church in Mardale 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Image © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
Marked by a cross. 
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
item:-  memorialyew
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P116, button  goto source
Page 116:-  "Those who wish to penetrate the hidden recesses of the mountains may go the whole length of the lake, and afterwards pass the chapel, which is a small building closely embowered with yews and sycamores, its walls exhibiting some neat monumental inscriptions; particularly one to the memory of one of its ministers, who died in 1799, having served the cure upwards of fifty years. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Mardale Chapel
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P138, button  goto source
Page 138:-  "..."
"About one mile further from the head of the lake [Hawes Water] stands Mardale Chapel, which is under Shap; it is a wild solitary region, surrounded by lofty mountains and fells. Near this, in former days, there stood 'a simple cottage ...' its owners had lived there in succession for many generations. A few paces took them to Mardale Chapel, their place of worship, and when they died, their long home was on their own premises."
image FD01P159, button  goto source
Page 159:-  "..."
"[Chapelhill] ... Mardale Chapel of Ease, in a picturesque and fertile situation, surrounded by lofty fells, stands here; ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
cross, a church 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   presumably old text:- Martineau 1855
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P173, button  goto source
Page 173:-  "... The path winds through the levels, round the bases of the knolls, past the ruins of the old church, ..."

evidence:-   old print:- Pearson 1900s
placename:-  Mardale Chapel
source data:-   Print, halftone photograph, Mardale Chapel, Haweswater, Holy Trinity Church, Mardale, Shap Rural, Westmorland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
image  click to enlarge
On p.228 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts. 
printed at bottom:-  "MARDALE CHAPEL: HAWESWATER. (p.227)."
item:-  Armitt Library : A1188.85
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Nurse 1918
source data:-   Map, The Diocese of Carlisle, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire North of the Sands, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Rev Euston J Nurse, published by Charles Thurnam and Sons, 11 English Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, 2nd edn 1939.
No church symbol. 
United benefice with Bampton, one parish. 
item:-  JandMN : 27
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   site plan:- Historical Monuments 1936
source data:-   Site plan, uncoloured lithograph, Parish Church of Holy Trinity Mardale, Shap Rural, Westmorland, scale about 1 to 290? published by Royal Commission on Historical Monuments England, London, 1936.
image  click to enlarge
On p.207 of the Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Westmorland. 
RCHME no. Wmd, Shap Rural 1 
item:-  Armitt Library : A745.123
Image © see bottom of page

BNO47.jpg  Penrith Museum
BQF94.jpg  Painting in St Patrick's Church, Bampton.

BVN58.jpg "MARDALE CHURCH" and monogram:-
"RED"  courtesy of John Bennet

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