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Walla Crag, Borrowdale
Walla Crag
civil parish:-   St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   rocks
coordinates:-   NY27672140 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY2721
10Km square:-   NY22

BPR19.jpg  Mosaic outline view at Blencathra Field Studies Centre, detail.
(taken 26.9.2008)  
BPR20.jpg  Walla Crag from Blencathra Field Studies Centre; Great Gable lies behind; Castlerigg Stone Circle can be seen in a field in front.
(taken 26.9.2008)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 64 10) 
placename:-  Wallow Crag
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
placename:-  Wallow Cragg
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P203, button  goto source
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769 
Page 203:-  "Oct. 3. [at Keswick] A heavenly day; rose at seven, and walked out under the conduct of my landlord to Borrowdale; ... drew near the foot of Wallow-cragg, whose bare and rugged brow, cut perpendicularly down above 400 feet, (as I guess, though the people call it much more) awfully overlooks the way. ..."
image WS21P208, button  goto source
Page 208:-  "[from Fawe Park] ... in front rises Wallow-crag and Castle-hill, the town, the road to Penrith, Skiddaw, and Saddleback. ..."
image WS21P226, button  goto source
Mr Cumberland's Ode to the Sun, 1776 
Page 226:-  "... / And you, triumphal arches, shrink; / Ye temples, tremble; and ye columns, sink; / One nod from Wallow's craggy brow / Shall crush the dome / Of sacerdotal Rome, / And lay her glitt'ring gilded trophies low."

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
placename:-  Wallow Cragg
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P071, button  goto source
Page 71:-  "From the station we have last described there is a grand view of Wallow-Cragg, a most stupendous bare rock, situated at the high end of Keswick Parks: this is the only good view of it; for if we view it from the opposite shore, the distance away takes too much from its height; and if we stand underneath, it is too terrible to be viewed with pleasure. The height of this enormous mass of stone is 1500 feet, and is so perpendicular, that a man may from the top throw a stone into the Lake. I always recommend both the traveller and painter to view these mountains from the Lake; he may anchor here in five fathoms water; and that I might, (as far as I could,) contribute to his pleasure and convenience, I have sounded the Lake in many places, and marked the soundings in the plan."

evidence:-   old print:- Green 1810 (plate 30) 
source data:-   Print, soft ground etching, Derwent Water from Castlerigg, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1809.
image  click to enlarge
Walla Crag on the left. 
Plate 30 in Sixty Studies from Nature, 1810. 
printed at top right:-  "[30]"
printed at bottom:-  "DERWENT WATER FROM CASTLERIGG. / Drawn &Engraved by William Green, and Published at Ambleside, Augst. 1st. 1809."
watermark:-  "J WHATMAN / 1813"
item:-  Armitt Library : A6641.30
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
placename:-  Wallow Crag
item:-  geology
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P120, button  goto source
Page 120:-  "... rising ground, over which Wallow Crag shews"
image OT01P121, button  goto source
Page 121:-  "his massive rocky front; ..."
image OT01P156, button  goto source
Page 156:-  "... the more compact dark-coloured rock of Wallow Crag, in which quartz, calcareous spar, chlorite, and epidote, are found in veins. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Wallow Crag
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P058, button  goto source
Page 59:-  "..."
"There is a beautiful and entertaining walk to the summit of these, which is gained by proceeding"
image FD01P059, button  goto source
Page 59:-  "a short distance on the Borrowdale road, and then turning up the woods to the left. At the commencement is a superb view of Keswick, the church, and Bassenthwaite. On the top are benches, where you may rest, and look over the soft bosom of the lake full into the gorge of Borrowdale, which is the grandest aspect. To the north is Bassenthwaite Water and the stately Skiddaw."

evidence:-   outline view:- Martineau 1855
placename:-  Wallow Crag
source data:-   Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Applethwaite near Keswick, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
image  click to enlarge
Folded in opposite p.93 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.  "MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM APPLETHWAITE NEAR KESWICK."
"L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr."
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image:-  "1 Wallow Crag, 2 Falcon Crag, 3 Shepherd's Crag / Lowdore below, 4 Glaramara, 5 Brund, 6 Castle Crag, 7 Great End, 8 Scawfell Pike, 9 Catbell, 10, High Stile, 11 Red Pike, 12 Grasmoor, 13 Causey Pike, 14 Melbreak, 15 Grisdale Pike"
item:-  Armitt Library : A1159.14
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old postcard:- 
placename:-  Walla Crag
source data:-   Postcard, colour printed photograph, Friars Crag and Walla Crag, Keswick area, Cumberland, published mid 20th century?
image  click to enlarge
item:-  JandMN : 956
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   outline view:- Jenkinson 1875
placename:-  Wallow Crag
source data:-   Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Scawfell Pike, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
image  click to enlarge
"... Wallow Crag ..."
item:-  JandMN : 28.9
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   outline view:- Matthew 1866
placename:-  Wallow Crag
source data:-   Print, engraving, outline view, View from Watendlath Road of Derwent Water and Bassenthwaite, Cumberland, published by J Richardson, Highgate, Kendal, Westmorland, 1866.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in before p.1 of The English Lakes, Peaks and Passes, from Kendal to Keswick, by George King Matthew. 
printed at caption to mountains:-  "... Wallow Cra[g ] ..."
item:-  Armitt Library : A1168.5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   outline view:- Black 1856 (23rd edn 1900) 
placename:-  Wallow Crag
source data:-   Print, lithograph, Outline Views, Skiddaw and Derwent Water - Mountains as seen at Lodore Hotel, and Mountains as seen at the Third Gate on Ascending Latrigg on the Way to Skiddaw, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1900.
image  click to enlarge
"... 1 Wallow Crag ..."
item:-  JandMN : 37.14
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   outline view:- Black 1841 (3rd edn 1846) 
placename:-  Wallow Crag
source data:-   Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains as seen at Lowdore Inn, and Mountains as seen at the Third Gate on Ascending Latrigg on the Way to Skiddaw, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1846.
image  click to enlarge
"... 1 Wallow Crag ..."
item:-  JandMN : 32.7
Image © see bottom of page

BYI34.jpg (taken 17.5.2013)  
BXN93.jpg (taken 21.10.2012)  

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