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Gowder Crag, Borrowdale
Gowder Crag
locality:-   Lodore
civil parish:-   Borrowdale (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   rocks
coordinates:-   NY26581866
1Km square:-   NY2618
10Km square:-   NY21

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 70 2) 
placename:-  Gowder Crag
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
placename:-  Gowdar Crag
placename:-  Gowdar
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P092, button  goto source
Page 92:-  "... In approaching the ruins of Gowdar-crag, which hangs towering forward, the mind recoils at the huge fragments of crags, piled up on both sides, which are seen through a thicket of rocks and wood. ... Here Gowdar-crag presents itself in all its terrible majesty of rock, trimmed with trees that hang from its numerous fissures."
image WS21P204, button  goto source
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769 
Page 204:-  "... we came under Gowdar-crag, a hill more formidable to the eye, and to the apprehension, than that of Lowdore; the rocks at top deep-cloven perpendicularly by the rains, hanging loose and nodding forwards, seen just starting from their base in shivers. The whole way down, and the road on both sides, is strewed with piles of the fragments, strangely thrown across each other, and of a dreadful bulk; the place reminds me of those passes in the Alps, where the guides tell you to move with speed, and say nothing, lest the agitation of the air should loosen the snows above, and bring down a mass that would overwhelm a caravan, I took their counsel here, and hastened on in silence."
"Non ragioniam di lor, ma guarda e passa."
image WS21P225, button  goto source
Mr Cumberland's Ode to the Sun, 1776 
Page 225:-  "And in the witching hour of night, / Whilst thy pale sister lends her shadowy light, / Summon the naked wood-nymphs to my sight."
"Trembling now with giddy tread, / Press the moss on Gowdar's head. / ..."

evidence:-   old print:- Farington 1816
source data:-   Print, uncoloured engraving and descriptive text, Lowdore Waterfall, Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn by Joseph Farington, engraved by J Landseer, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1816.
image  click to enlarge
printed, bottom left, right, centre  "Drawn by J. Farington R.A. / Engraved by J. Landseer A.R.A. / Lowdore Waterfall. / London Published Mar. 7, 1816, by T. Cadell &W. Davies, Strand."
item:-  Armitt Library : A6666.20
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Westall 1820
source data:-   Print, uncoloured mezzotint, Lowdore Waterfall, Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn and engraved by William Westall, published by Rodwell and Martin, New Bond Street, London, 1820.
image  click to enlarge
printed, bottom left, centre  "Drawn & Engraved by W. Westall A.R.A. / Lowdore Waterfall. / Published July 1, 1819, by Hurst, Robinson &Co. Cheapside."
item:-  Armitt Library : A6671.7
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P042, button  goto source
Page 42:-  "... To the left [of Lowdore Cascade], the perpendicular Gowder Crag, near five hundred feet high, towers proudly pre-eminent; ..."

evidence:-   outline view:- Tattersall 1836
placename:-  Gowder Crag
source data:-   Print, engraving, Derwentwater and Entrance to Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
image  click to enlarge
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view. 
Tipped in opposite p.60 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall. 
printed at bottom left to right:-  "Ashness. / Gowder Crag. / Hollow Stone Crag. / Glaramara. / Shepherd's Crag. / Grange Crag. / Castle Crag. / Gt. End. / Scawfell Pike. / Maiden Moor. / Higher Catbell."
item:-  Armitt Library : A1204.21
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evidence:-   old print:- Farington 1789 (plate 4) 
source data:-   Print, engraving, Lowdore Waterfall, painted by Joseph Farington, engraved by W Byrne and T Medland, published by W Byrne, 79 Titchfield Street, London, 1785.
image  click to enlarge
Plate 4 from Views of the Lakes, &c, in Cumberland and Westmorland, published 1789. 
Lodore fall in spate, between Gowder Crag and Brund Fell. 
item:-  Dove Cottage : Lowther.59
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Lowther 1780s-90s
source data:-   Print, engraving, Waterfall at Keswick, presumably Lodore falls, Borrowdale, Cumbria, published by F Blyth, 87 Cornhill, London, 1775.
image  click to enlarge
item:-  Dove Cottage : Lowther.58
Image © see bottom of page

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