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to be very considerable for its Coal Trade, which of late Years is so much increas'd, that, next to Newcastle, it is the most eminent Port in England for that Trade. The City of Dublin, and all the Towns of Ireland on that Coast, and some Parts in Scotland, and the Isle of Man, are wholly supply'd from hence. It is frequent in Time of War, on Occasion of cross Winds, to have 200 Sail of Ships at a Time go from this Place to Dublin loaded with Coals. And Sir James Lowther, particularly, is said to send from hence to Ireland, annually, as many Coals as brings him in near 20,000 l. a Year.
Here is likewise a good Trade for Salt; and by the Increase of Shipping here, and the Advantage the Place has received from two Acts of Parliament in Queen Anne's Reign, to mend and improve the Harbour, and another in his present Majesty's, in 1740, for the same Purpose, and to repair Roads leading to it, the people are led into Merchandizing, and it is now on all Accounts reckon'd a considerable trading Town; tho' in Mr. Camden's Time, it was of so little Consequence that he takes no Notice of it, and his Continuator but little.
The King has several Officers here to look after the Customs. It is 227 Miles computed distant from London, and 289 measured. The Market is kept on Tuesdays, and the Fair is annually on the 1st of September. More to the North is
Workington, a Town famous for Salmon-Fishing: The Salmon
here are very good, and are carried fresh as they are taken up to
London upon Horses, which changing often, go Night and Day
without Intermission, and, as they say, out-go the Post; so that
the Fish come very sweet and good to London, where the
extraordinary Price they yield pays very well for the Carriage.
The same is done from Carlisle.
The first Lord of the Manor of Workington, after the Norman Conquest, was William de Lancaster, who exchang'd it with Gospatrick, from whom are descended the Curwens, Knights, who have a noble Seat here; they took their present Name from one Curwen, a Family in Galloway, the Heiress of which was marry'd into this Family; and of this House Mr. Camden, with Modesty,
|-- "Whitehaven" -- Whitehaven|
|-- "Workington" -- Workington|