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Gentleman's Magazine 1790 p.1092

  roman altar

Roman Altar, Plumpton

Explanation of a Roman Altar. ...
OBSERVING in your Magazine for last month an engraving of the Roman Altar found at Plimpton Wall, in Cumberland (which altar, in the year 1786, was in the possession of a Mr. Sanderson, though now said to have been recently purchased by one Hutton, a guide to the lakes), and your correspondent Peregrinator requesting an explanation of the inscription, I beg leave, by the same channel, to submit the following to the consideration of your readers.


ro et Numi
nib(us) Augg(ustorum)
Julius Au
Actor Jul(ii) Lu
pi Pref(ecti posuit.)

To the God
Mars Belatucader
and the Deities
of the Emperors(Marcus
Aurelius and Lucius
Verus; or more probably
Severus and Caracalla,
or Caracalla and Geta)
Julius Augustalis
Agent of Juliuis Lupus
the Prefect hath placed
or dedicated.
From the foregoing inscription, which, from a gentleman's account of it who has accurately viewed it, is perfectly fair and legible, and the stone between the words Marti and Belatucadro no way injured or mutilated, so as to admit of a conjecture of there ever having been a fuller reading; it seems to me, that the term Belatucader must thereby decidedly applied to mean the same with, and synonymous to, that of Mars, or one and the same deity under two different denominations, about which there has heretofore been great contrariety of opinion among the Learned, whether that appellation belonged to Mars or Apollo. May not the inscription on this altar serve, therefore, to settle such difference of opinion, by adducing it as evidence in confirmation of its conveying those different names of the same deity in stronger and unequivocal terms? All altars dedicated to the god Belatucader, which probably might be the British or other well-known local names for, and of the same import with, the Roman Mars, have been very rare and uncommon, and are not hitherto known to have been found except in Cumberland and Westmoreland,
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