button to main menu  Gents Mag 1819 part 1 p.402

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Gentleman's Magazine 1819 part 1 p.402



'Thus by thy fall, Lowdore, reclin'd;
The craggy cliff, impending wood
Whose shadows mix o'er half the flood.
The gloomy clouds which solemn sail,
Scarce lifted by the languid gale,
O'er the capp'd hill and darken'd vale,
Channels by rocky torrents torn,
Rocks to the lake in thunder borne,
Or such as o'er our heads appear
Suspended in their mid career,
To start again at his command
Who rules fire, water, air, and land,
I view with wonder and delight,
A pleasing though an awful sight;
For seen within the verdant isles
Soften with more delicious smiles,
More tempting twine their op'ning bow'rs,
More lively glow the pruple flowers,
More smoothly slopes the border gay,
In fairer circles bends the bay;
And last to fix our wand'ring eyes,
The roofs, O Keswick, brighter rise,
The lake and lofty hills between,
Where giant Meddaw shuts the scene.'


British Inhabitants. Cumbri, a tribe of the Brigantes.
Antiquities. British: Druidical circles on Grey Yawd, or King Harry fell, Sunken Kirk, and near Keswick. - Roman: Of miscellaneous antiquities the principal collections are at Netherby, Sir James Graham's; Nether-hall, Humphrey Senhouse, esq.; Walton-house, W. P. Johnson, esq.; and Wigton, the Rev. Richard Matthews. The antiquarian brothers Lysons have given a description of 142 altars and inscribed stones found in this county. Aspatria, Cross-Canonby and Dearham fonts. Dearham and Gosforth church-yard crosses. Two pillars at St Bride's. Carlisle Deanery. Akerton, Greystock, Irthington, and Millom castles. Towers and Mansion-houses of Dalston, Drumburgh-castle, Harby-brow, Hardrigg, Hewthwaite, Irton, Kirk-Andrews-upon-Eske, Lamplugh, Muncaster, Netherby, and Nether-hall. Excavations in the rock over the river Eden, called Wetheral Safeguard, or Constantine's cells. - Glass vessel, called 'The Luck of Eden-hall,' noticed in the Duke of Wharton's ballad,

'God prosper long from being broke
The Luck of Eden-hall.'
And another called 'The Luck of Muncaster.' On the preservation of these two vessels, according to popular superstition, the prosperity of their respective houses depends. Of the Edenhall cup there is an engraving in Lysons's 'Cumberland.' The Muncaster basin is said to have been presented to Sir John Pennington by Henry VI. who was secreted at Muncaster for some time.
Among the monuments of its bishops in Carlisle Cathedral, the most curious are those of William Barrow 1429, and Richard Bull (engraved in Gough's 'Sepulchral Monuments') 1596.
St. Bees derives its name from Bega, an Irish saint, who founded a monastery here about 650. Calder Abbey was erected by Ranulph de Meschines in 1134.
Holme Cultram Abbey was founded in 1150, by Henry son of David King of Scots. In it was buried Robert Bruce, father of the Scottish King of that name. The abbot, though not mitred, was occasionally summoned to Parliament.
Lanercost priory, founded by Robert de Vaux or de Vallibus, Lord of Gilsland in 1169, was often vsited by Edward I. with his Queens Eleanor and Margaret. At his last visit with Queen Margaret he was detained by illness from October 8, 1306, to February 28, 1306-7.
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