button to main menu  Clarke's Survey of the Lakes, 1787

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Page 48:-
"[extrac]tions and propogations from Mowbray, Warren, Bruce, Dalbray, Marshall, Segrave, Plantagenett, Brotherton, Bigot, Fitz-Allen, Maltraver, Buckingham, Oxford, and Dacres. The father of Heward, (Speed calls him Hereward, but Cambden says Herwardus,) was Leofric, Lord of Bourne and the adjacent country in Lincolnshire: his mother was the Lady Edina, descended from the great Ostac, a Duke amongst the Easterlings in King Edgar's time, in whose family I also find a noble kinsman of his called Haward, (to note obiter.) This Haward was of a noble and magnificent note, a goodly personage, answered with an equal strength and valour: at nimium Bellicosus, much, or too much devoted to Mars.
"He served in the wars of Northumberland, Cornwall, Ireland, and after in the Lower Germany, where he made up much of his fame, and married a fair lady called Turfrida, the daughter of a nobleman in Flanders, where he continued till the death of his father brought him home. About this time, William Duke of Normandy made his conquest of the kingdom, and had gratified Johannes Talbois, the French Counte, now Earl of Holland, with Leofrick's country of Holland, in the Marshland; and the Counte very rudely had expulsed the lady his mother out of her possessions and dower. Hewardus set upon him with such forces as he could speedily raise, took and held him prisoner, in despite of the Conqueror, until he redeemed himself, and accompted for what he had done, with a large sum of money.
"This drew those of the nobility to the protection of his sword which the Conqueror had chased out of their country, who had fortified themselves in the Isle of Ely, and made Herwardus their General, where he built a castle, that a long time after had his name. But the Normans took the advantage to infest his country, and put him again to the recovery of it, which he so fortunately settled, that the Conqueror was contented to make him his, and hold him in good favour whilst he lived. He was buried in Crayland Abbey. Concerning his issue by the Lady Turfrida there is no mention, only of a daughter named Turfrida, married to Hugo Enermua, Lord of Deeping. But circumstances will persuade us he had other issue, if we consider him in the likelihood of his strength and ability, and that divers continued of his sirname in that country a long time after him, which makes it probable he had a natural son, (at least bearing his name of Heward,) that next to him was the original ancestor of this house of Howards. And let it not be thought any disparagement for a noble family to be raised from a natural issue; for many princely families have been derived from, and propagated from natural sons; as was Eneas Romulus, the founder of the Roman families; so was Thesus and Themistocles, as Plutarch writeth: others say as much of Hercules, &c. The King of Spain descended from Henry de Throstamara, base son of Alphonsu the Justicu, King of Castile. And who doth not honour the princely race of William the Conqueror, bastard son to Duke of Normandy? Where was a more heroical man than Robert Earl of Gloucester, base son of King Henry the I.? The Earls of Warren descended from a base son of Geoffry Plantagenet Earl of Anjou. The noble Herberts are also said to come from a base son of King Henry the I.; and the Dukes and Earls of Somerset, (which followed the red Rose,) were the offspring of the Beauforts, natural sons of John de Gaunt. For a further conjecture why these Howards must be descended from Hewardus or Herewardus, (for so some writers call him; but Jugulfus, who best knew him, constantly calls him Hewardus,) both names may signify in the Saxon or old Dutch, a chief captain of an army, whom the Romans called Imperator; and that the titles and names of great offices have given sirnames to many noble families, we have examples plenty, particularly in the Viscounts of Milan, the Chamberlains of Normandy, the Stewards of Scotland, the Butlers of Ireland, and divers others, who had their sirnames from the offices of their ancestors and fathers. And the same presumption or argument may be for taking the sirname of Howard, and the origin of their family from Hewardus: the Howards, from the time of Heward, dwelling in the countries of Holland and Marshland, and were lords of some lands belonging to him, until by their matches with the daughters and heirs of Fitton, Tendring, Mowbray,
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