button to main menu  Clarke's Survey of the Lakes, 1787

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Page 49:-
"Tillney, &c. they became possessed in Norfolk, Suffolk, and Berkshire, and were some time lords of Sunning-Hill near Windsor, and bore the sirname ever since, (or with small interruption,) the old sirname written Heward, or Hereward in charters and records, and Howard in stories. But we descend through the succession of those times to William Howard, Chief Justice in the reign of Edward the I. grandfather to Sir John Howard, Admiral of the North Fleet in the naval wars of Edward the III. His son, Sir Robert Howard, married the daughter of the Lord Scales; and John Howard, (who lived in the time of Henry the IV. and died anno 16 Henry VI.) had two wives; Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir John Plais, Knight; by whom he had Eliza, an only daughter, married to Sir John de Vere Earl of Oxford, who brough him a goodly part of the Howards lands: his heirs were married to Latimer and Winckfield, very fruitful families. His second wife was the daughter and heir of Sir William Tendering of Stocke-Nayland in Suffolk; by whom he had Sir Robert Howard, his eldest son, who married Margaret Mowbray, daughter of a Cadet of the house of Lancaster, who became co-heir with her sister the Lady Berkely, wife to Thomas Mowbray Duke of Norfolk; who died in Venice, and left his son Henry Howard heir to Howard and Mowbray: and John Howard, the son of John Howard, was created Earl of Norfolk by King Richard the III. in the right of his mother Mowbray. He married the daughter of Lord Moulines, and by her had Thomas Howard, the first Howard Earl of Surry. This is he who survived the danger of Bosworth Field, and became, after, the Duke of Norfolk, from whom all the Howards now living descended; whose family hath been so fruitful as to furnish this kingdom with four Dukes, many Earls, Viscounts, and Barons; three High Treasurers, six High or Great Marshalls, ten High Admirals, with some Honourable Customs of the Privy Seal, and sundry Chamberlains of the King's house and one lately lived who had borne the offices of High Constable, Lord Lieutenant, Lord High Steward, Marshall, and Admiral of England; Lord Chief Justice in Oyer of the better part of the Kingdom, and Chamberlain of the Royal house:- A man honourable in his departments, and fortunate in his undertakings: as at the great marine battles against the naval powers of Spain, the Pope, and Princes of Italy, Anno Dom. 1588, and at the Seige of Gadys, Anno Dom. 1596."
Much more might be said of this ancient family and its noble descendants, but it is well known by filling so many pages of general history, that I think it needless, nor is it my business as a local historian. This noble Duke hath been twice married; first to Miss Coppinger of Ballamalow of the county of Cork in Ireland, who died without bearing any children; afterwards to Miss Scudamore Fitz-Roy of Holmlacy in the county of Hereford, (descendant of Sir John Scudamore of Holmlacy aforesaid, who was standard-bearer to Queen Elizabeth's band of gentlemen pensioners,) and who is now living, but hath no issue.
The titles and bearings of the Duke of Norfolk are as follows: "The most High and Puissant Prince Charles Howard, Duke of Norfolk, Hereditary Earl Marshall, Premier Duke and Earl of England; also Earl of Arundel, Surry, and Norwich; Baron Mowbray, Howard, Segrave, Brus of Gower, Fitz-Allan, Clun, Owaldestree, Maltravers, Warren, Greystock, Furnival, Verden, Lovelot, Strange of Blackmere, and Castle-Rising. This noble Lord beareth quarterly eight coats; the first is ruby on a bend between six crosslets, [fi]tchee, pearl; an escutcheon topaz, thereon a demi-lion pierced through the mouth with an arrow, within a double tressure counterflowered of the first, which is the paternal coat of the Howards. The second is ruby, three lions passant, gardant, topaz; in chief a file of three points, pearl: this was the bearing of Thomas of Brotherton, fifth son of Edward I. The third is chequer, topaz and sapphire, which was borne by the Earls of Warren. The fourth is ruby, a lion rampant, pearl; armed and langued, sapphire, for the name of Mowbray. The fifth is ruby, a lion rampant, or, armed and langued of the first, by the name of Albany. The sixth is pearl, a chief sapphire by the name of Clun. The seventh is diamond, a frett topaz, by the name of Maltravers. The eighth is pearl, a fess and canton, ruby, by the name of Woodville. The sup-
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