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title Printed lower left:-
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In a nice selection of plain and fancy fonts.

compass rose
up is N
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Printed upper left is a compass rose; no circle, star points for cardinal directions, lines for half cardinal, North marked by a fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top of the sheet.

scale line
Printed lower left is a scale of:-
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Statute Miles.
marked and labelled at one miles intervals, the first miles marked in quarters. The 8 miles = 56.5 mm gives a scale 1 to 227872. The map scale is about:-
1 to 230000
3.5 miles to 1 inch.

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Printed in the map borders are scales of latitude and longitude for a trapezoidal projection; chequered and labelled at 5 minute intervals of longitude, but 2 1/2 minute intervals of latitude. The map includes from 2d 15m to 3d 40m W, from 54 3m to 55d 9m N; nearly all Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire north of the sands, plus parts of adjoining counties.

sea area
sea plain
The sea area is plain. Some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
Wampool Bay
Duddon Mouth

coast line
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The coast line is bold but not emphasized except by its wiggliness, which catches the eye.
Some headlands are labelled, eg:-
Grune Pt.
St. Bees Head
A lighthouse is marked by a tower symbol on St Bees Head, labelled:-
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Light House
A harbour is noticed at:-
Harrington Harb.

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River are drawn by a wiggly line tapering upstream. Some rivers are labelled, eg:-
Caldew R.
Kent River
King Water
R. Tyne
A waterfall might be marked by lines across the stream, as at:-
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[Low Dore] Waterfall
or otherwise just labelled, eg:-
Scale Force
though this be taken to be the label for the stream.
Bridges are implied where a road crosses and interrupts a stream. Some bridges are labelled, eg:-
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Newby Bridge
Lobby Br. [on the Winster]
The ferry across Windermere is not marked. But the roads are drawn to suggest the ferry, and on the Claife shore is:-
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Ferry Ho.

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Lakes are drawn in outline with form lines. Some lakes are labelled:-
Bassenthwaite W.
Brothers Water
Burnmoor Tarn
Buttermere Wr.
Coniston Water
Crummock Water
Derwent Water
Devock Water
Eastwaite Water
Elter Water
Ennerdale Wr.
Grasmere Lake
Hawes W.
Kent Mere Tarn
Lowes W.
Over Water
Rydal L.
Sparkling Tarn
Sunbiggin Tarn
Talkin Tarn
Tarn Wadling
Thirle Water
Tindal Tarn
Wast Water
Other lakes might be recognized, eg:-
Whinfell Tarn (?)

hill hachuring
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Relief is indicated by hill hachuring. Although some hachures are bolder than others, for larger mountains, you do not, for example, get any sense of the importance of Sca Fell; Black Combe is more prominent. Some hills are labelled, eg:-
Screes [by Wast Water]
Rydal Head
Red Pike
Some valleys, lying between hills, are labelled, eg:-
Sleddale [Wet Sleddale]

forests Although woodland is not indicated, some forests are labelled, eg:-
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Copeland Forest

parks Parks are drawn by an outline with fence palings, the interior pecked. The park might be labelled by name, or the name of a great house, eg:-
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Millom Park
Brayton Hall
Gowbarrow P.

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County boundaries are a fine dotted line, not continued where another features serves in its place. The county areas are labelled, eg:-
This is not a 'county map': it topographic detail over its whole area.

settlements Settlements are marked by blocks, differentiated by style of labelling.
  cities group of blocks; labelled in upright block caps:-
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  towns group of blocks; labelled in italic block caps, eg:-
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Except the de jure county town:-
and de facto county town:-
which are given in upright block caps.
  villages block or blocks, sometimes a cross for a church; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
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  hamlets block or blocks; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
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This lettering is the default style for other features.
  castles A castle might be marked by a tower symbol, eg:-
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Naworth castle
in its park. But at least on castle is marked by an H shape block, at:-
Castle [by Millom]
As this symbol is also used for Calder Abbey it should not be interpreted as a building with two towers.

road distances
toll gates
sands roads
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A network of roads is drawn by double and single lines. The most important roads are broader double lines, light bold. But the network has to be understood from the perspective of the early 19th century, and bearing in mind the interest of the author of the guide book. Notice the road up Long Sleddale, drawn as a most important route. Lesser roads are narrower double lines, and even lesser, just single lines.
Some of the important roads are marked with road distances from town to town. For example the Lancaster to Carlisle road has:-
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L to B 11 MS. / B to K 11 MS. / K to S 16 MS. / S to P 11 MS. / P to C 18 MS.
through Burton in Kendal, Kendal, Shap, and Penrith.
Not all the important routes are marked. Those that are labelled are sketched below:-
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On the road between Appleby and Brough is a label:-
which might be a toll gate.
A dotted line from Hest Bank is drawn to show the sands road across the Lancaster Sands to Kent's Bank. North of the landing place is:-
Guide's House
The route from Lancaster to Ulverston continues from Holker across the Leven Sands to the-
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Carters House
near Ulverston.
A sands road is marked across the Duddon Estuary, and, by a double line, across the estuaries at Ravenglass.

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Canals are drawn by a triple line, light bold light. The canals shown are:-
  Carlisle Canal from Port Carlisle to Carlisle, Cumberland. Labelled:-
  Ulverston Canal From Ulverston to the coast of the Leven Estuary, Cumberland.
  Lancaster Canal from Lancaster, Lancashire to Kendal, Westmorland; but the route might be inaccurate, the tunnel wiggle is not shown.

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Railways are drawn by a double line with cross ties, sometimes engraved over features on an earlier edition of the map. The railways shown are:-
  Newcastle and Carlisle Railway
  Newcastle and North Shields Railway
from Carlisle, Cumberland to beyond Haltwhistle, Northumberland, extended to Newcastle upon Tyne by a n extension piece pasted to the map sheet. Labelled:-
Printed lower left is a list of;-
Stations on the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway
Scotby / Wetheral / How Mill / Milton / Low Row / Rosehill / Greenhead / Haltwhistle / ...
  Maryport and Carlisle Railway from Maryport to Carlisle, Cumberland. Labelled:-


inns A number of inns are shown beside roads, marked by a block, labelled, eg:-
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Greyhound [Shap]
Shap Wells Inn
Wheat Sheaf [W of Brough]
Cross Keys [S of Brothers Water]

lead mines
On the west side if Derwent Water, north of Manesty, is a:-
Lead Mine

slate quarries
In the Skelwith area is:-
Flag Quarry
and to the north of Ill Bell:-
Slate Quarry

beacons On Thackmoor Fell is a tower symbol labelled:-
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Daffenside Beacon
On the hill north of Penrith is:-

crosses Near a road junction east of Kirkoswald is a cross (+) labelled:-
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Hartside Cross

stones The:-
Dunmel Raise Stones
are labelled.

stone circles
The Castlerigg Stone Circle is labelled:-
Druids Stones

antiquities Not clearly located, near Eamont Bridge, is:-
Arthur's Round Table

roman wall
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A line drawn with fence palings marks Hadrian's Wall, from Bowness on Solway by Carlisle and eastward across Cumberland into Northumberland.

roman forts
A roman fort is marked by a block, labelled:-
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Roman Fort
as west of Carlisle.

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