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placename:- Wythburn Chapel
locality:- Wythburn
parish St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
church; chapel
coordinates:- NY32431358
10Km square:- NY31

1Km square NY3213

photograph

Wythburn Chapel -- Wythburn -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- 8.10.2005
photograph

Wythburn Chapel -- Wythburn -- St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn -- Cumbria / -- 8.10.2005

old map:- Nurse 1918

Map, The Diocese of Carlisle, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire North of the Sands, now Cumbria, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Rev Euston J Nurse, published by Charles Thurnam and Sons, 11 English Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1918 and 2nd edn 1939.
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WYTHBURN
United benefice with St John's in the Vale, but separate parish.
site name:- Keswick Rural Deanery
site name:- Archdeaconry of Westmorland
site name:- Diocese of Carlisle
date:- 1939
period:- 1930s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

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Photograph, black and white, Wythburn Chapel, Wythburn, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
internegative at lower left:-
H. Bell
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
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cross, a church
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 45:-
...
... Whilst the luncheon is preparing [at the Horse Head Inn], let the tourist take a look at the little chapel on the opposite side of the road; it is an advanced post of Crosthwaite Church, and is one of five similarly situated. The building does not claim much attention, being small, yet commodious; but unfortunately for the dalesmen, the chapel-yard is unconsecrated, and thus one source of useful and heart-softening reflections, arising from the sight of their relations' graves, is closed to them.
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P110, button   goto source.
Page 110:-
... the road passes between the Inn and the Chapel of Wythburn; about eight miles and a half from Ambleside, and the same distance from Keswick. ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
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page 317-318
Wythburn Chapel

placename:- Wythburn Chapel
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 118:-
...
Wytheburn chapel is a perpetual curacy under Crossthwaite, the ancient salary two pounds ten shillings; certified to the governors of Queen Anne's bounty at three pounds six shillings and fourpence, worth now thirty-one pounds a year. The chapel is a very poor low building, and not consecrated; their burying place is Crossthwaite.

placename:- Wytheburn Chapel
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ambleside to Keswick)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
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Chapel
church; chapel
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P210, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 210:-
...
Oct. 8. I left Keswick, and took the Ambleside road, ...
Next I passed by the little chapel of Wythburn, out of which the Sunday congregation were then issuing: ...
date:- 1769
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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Wiborn Church
circle and line

placename:- Wiborn Church
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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At mile 21.

placename:- Wibourn Chappel
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m020, button   goto source.
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In mile 20, Cumberland.
Wyborn Chap:
church on the right of the road.

placename:- Wyborn Chapel
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
WYTHBURN CHURCH / / / ST JOHNS CASTLERIGG AND WYTHBURN / ALLERDALE / CUMBRIA / II / 72191 / NY3243813578
courtesy of English Heritage
Parish church. 1640 on the site of an earlier chapel, with restoration of 1740 and 1872 addition. Painted rendered walls on projecting plinth stones, with slate rubble additions, all under graduated greenslate roofs. 3-bay nave with west open bellcote and slightly higher apse of 1872 and south vestry. C20 studded plank door and C20 2-light casement windows, all within plain reveals. Triple lancet west window. Narrow round-headed windows in vestry and apse. Interior has open timber roof on C17 trusses. Stained glass in west window 1888; that in apse by Henry Holiday, 1892 and Hugh Arnold, 1906. Late C19 furnishing and fittings.

placename:- Wythburn Church
district:- Allerdale
listed building
coordinates:- NY32431357
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Pearson 1900s

Guide book, Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
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Print, halftone photograph, Wythburn's Modest House of Prayer, Wythburn Chapel, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
On p.191 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts.
printed at bottom:-
'WYTHBURN'S MODEST HOUSE OF PRAYER.' (p.190). / (The summit in the background is the shoulder of Helvellyn).
date:- 1900=1909
period:- 1900s

old print:- Goodwin 1887 (edn 1890)

Set of prints, etchings? 56 views in Westmorland, Cumberland, etc, by Harry Goodwin, published by Swan Sonnenschein and Co, Paternoster Square, London, 1890.
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Print, etching? Wytheburn, the chapel, Cumberland, by Harry Goodwin, published by Swan Sonnenschein and Co, Paternoster Square, London, 1890.
Tipped in opposite p.220 of Through the Wordsworth Country, by William Knight.
printed at lower centre:-
"Wytheburns modest House of Prayer"
date:- 1886
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
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Print, engraving, Wythburn Chapel, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by A Haselgrave, 1897, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.171 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.

placename:- Wythburn Chapel
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

story Canon Rawnsley wrote about the bell, 1894:-
We have come "over t' Raaise Gap" now. We are in Manchester at the Lakes. ... That brand-new bell and its brand-new belfry of the little Wythburn Church is a bit of Manchester work ... For how many years the little bell had hung in its simple cobble-stone rough-cast belfry at Wythburn Chapel one cannot say. ...
In a moment, at the bidding of new lords of the soil, the rough old things are demolished; replaced by something spick, span, and new. One almost wishes the good fairies would take away in the night the well-dressed stones and build up againthat queer old cobble belfry; one would forgive the parish clerk, if next Sunday he should be found as his fore-elder in the office at Wythburn was once found, "astride of the roof-ridge waiting to give the 'third ring' to call the worshippers to prayer." On asking that clerk of olden time why he was perched roof-high, his answer to the Wythburn priest was, "O Sir, Jemmy Hawkrigg brak yan o' his car reapps tudder day i' t' hayfield, and they gat t' bell reapp an's forgitten to bring 't back ageaan, seah I've been fworst to git up on t' riggin and ring wi' my hands, and I thowt it was neah use comin' doun ageaan between time and I'se stoppan to give t' third round and than I'se be wi' ye."
Rawnsley 1894

hearsay There was a chapel here from 1554. The present building dates from 1640; but rebuilt in 1740; with additions 1872.

hearsay Parson Sewell from Troutbeck was preaching here but lost his sermon between the pulpit and the wall:-
T' sarmonts slipt down t' neuk and ah can't git it out, but sitha ah'll read ye a chapter o' t' Bible worth ten on it.

hearsay William Wordsworth, The Waggoner:-
Wythburn's modest house of prayer, / as lowly as the lowliest dwelling, ...

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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