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Wythburn Chapel, Wythburn
Wythburn Chapel
locality:-   Wythburn
civil parish:-   St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   church
locality type:-   chapel
coordinates:-   NY32431358
1Km square:-   NY3213
10Km square:-   NY31

BJX81.jpg (taken 8.10.2005)  
BJX82.jpg (taken 8.10.2005)  

evidence:-   old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96) 
placename:-  Wyborn Chapel
source data:-   Road strip map, hand coloured engraving, the Road from Kendal to Cockermouth, and the Road from Egremond to Carlisle, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675.
In mile 20, Cumberland.  "Wyborn Chap:"
church on the right of the road. 
item:-  JandMN : 22
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Berry 1679
placename:-  Wiburn Chapel
source data:-   Road map, diagram, The Grand Roads of England, engraved by John Rich, made and published by William Berry, at the Sign of the Globe, London, 1679.
"Wiburn~ Chapel"

evidence:-   old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260) 
placename:-  Wibourn Chappel
source data:-   Road strip map, uncoloured engraving, pl.260, The Road from Kendal to Cockermouth, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland, published by Emanuel Bowen, St Katherines, London, 1720.
At mile 21. 
item:-  private collection : 1.260
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760
placename:-  Wiborn Church
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland Divided into their Respective Wards, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin et al, published by T Bowles, Robert Sayer, and John Bowles, London, 1760.
"Wiborn Church"
circle and line 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.10
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Donald 1774 (Cmd) 
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
item:-  Carlisle Library : Map 2
Image © Carlisle Library

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P210, button  goto source
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769 
Page 210:-  "..."
"Oct. 8. I left Keswick, and took the Ambleside road, ..."
"Next I passed by the little chapel of Wythburn, out of which the Sunday congregation were then issuing: ..."

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
placename:-  Wytheburn Chapel
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P118, button  goto source
Page 118:-  "..."
"Wytheburn chapel is a perpetual curacy under Crossthwaite, the ancient salary two pounds ten shillings; certified to the governors of Queen Anne's bounty at three pounds six shillings and fourpence, worth now thirty-one pounds a year. The chapel is a very poor low building, and not consecrated; their burying place is Crossthwaite."

evidence:-   old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Ambleside to Keswick) 
source data:-   Map, A Map of the Roads Lakes etc between Keswick and Ambleside, scale about 2.5 ins to 1 mile, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland and in London etc, 1787.
item:-  private collection : 10.9
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802) 
placename:-  Wythburn Chapel
source data:-   Road book, itineraries, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, 181 Strand, London, 2nd edn 1802.
image CY38p317, button  goto source
image  click to enlarge
page 317-318  "Wythburn Chapel"
item:-  JandMN : 228.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G8051011, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1805 p.1011  "... we passed the little modest chapel of Wythburn, noticed by Mr. Gray. The antient salary of its Curate, we were credibly informed, amounted to 2l. 10s. per annum! ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Laurie and Whittle 1806
placename:-  Wytheburn Chapel
source data:-   Road map, Completion of the Roads to the Lakes, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, by Nathaniel Coltman? 1806, published by Robert H Laurie, 53 Fleet Street, London, 1834.
image  click to enlarge
"Wytheburn Chapel 285¾"
church; distance from London 
item:-  private collection : 18.18
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P110, button  goto source
Page 110:-  "... the road passes between the Inn and the Chapel of Wythburn; about eight miles and a half from Ambleside, and the same distance from Keswick. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P045, button  goto source
Page 45:-  "..."
"... Whilst the luncheon is preparing [at the Horse Head Inn], let the tourist take a look at the little chapel on the opposite side of the road; it is an advanced post of Crosthwaite Church, and is one of five similarly situated. The building does not claim much attention, being small, yet commodious; but unfortunately for the dalesmen, the chapel-yard is unconsecrated, and thus one source of useful and heart-softening reflections, arising from the sight of their relations' graves, is closed to them."

evidence:-   old drawing:- Aspland 1840s-60s
placename:-  Wythburn Chapel
source data:-   Drawing, pencil, Wythburn Chapel, Wythburn, Cumberland, by Theophilus Lindsey Aspland, 1853.
image  click to enlarge
"Wythburn / Chapel"
page number  "64"
item:-  Armitt Library : 1958.390.81
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
cross, a church 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s
source data:-   Photograph, black and white, Wythburn Chapel, Wythburn, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
image  click to enlarge
internegative at lower left:-  "H. Bell"
item:-  Armitt Library : ALPS505
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evidence:-   old map:- Nurse 1918
source data:-   Map, The Diocese of Carlisle, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire North of the Sands, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Rev Euston J Nurse, published by Charles Thurnam and Sons, 11 English Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, 2nd edn 1939.
United benefice with St John's in the Vale, but separate parish. 
item:-  JandMN : 27
Image © see bottom of page

 notes about bells.

 stained glass

evidence:-   database:- Listed Buildings 2010
placename:-  Wythburn Church
source data:-  
courtesy of English Heritage
source data:-  
courtesy of English Heritage
"Parish church. 1640 on the site of an earlier chapel, with restoration of 1740 and 1872 addition. Painted rendered walls on projecting plinth stones, with slate rubble additions, all under graduated greenslate roofs. 3-bay nave with west open bellcote and slightly higher apse of 1872 and south vestry. C20 studded plank door and C20 2-light casement windows, all within plain reveals. Triple lancet west window. Narrow round-headed windows in vestry and apse. Interior has open timber roof on C17 trusses. Stained glass in west window 1888; that in apse by Henry Holiday, 1892 and Hugh Arnold, 1906. Late C19 furnishing and fittings."

evidence:-   old print:- Pearson 1900s
source data:-   Print, halftone photograph, Wythburn's Modest House of Prayer, Wythburn Chapel, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, published by C Arthur Pearson, Henrietta Street, London, 1900s.
image  click to enlarge
On p.191 of Pearson's Gossipy Guide to the English Lakes and Neighbouring Districts. 
printed at bottom:-  "'WYTHBURN'S MODEST HOUSE OF PRAYER.' (p.190). / (The summit in the background is the shoulder of Helvellyn)."
item:-  Armitt Library : A1188.74
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Bogg 1898
placename:-  Wythburn Chapel
source data:-   Print, engraving, Wythburn Chapel, St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn, Cumberland, by A Haselgrave, 1897, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
image  click to enlarge
Included on p.171 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg. 
item:-  JandMN : 231.58
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evidence:-   old print:- Goodwin 1887 (edn 1890) 
source data:-   Print, etching? Wytheburn, the chapel, Cumberland, by Harry Goodwin, published by Swan Sonnenschein and Co, Paternoster Square, London, 1890.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.220 of Through the Wordsworth Country, by William Knight. 
printed at lower centre:-  ""Wytheburns modest House of Prayer""
item:-  JandMN : 382.45
Image © see bottom of page

CCU71.jpg  About 1870.
CCU72.jpg  About 1750.

There has been a church here since 1554. The present nave dates to 1740, incorporating some parts dating back to 1640. The chancel and small vestry were added in 1872. It was re-roofed after a third of the slates were stolen in 1993. Once a chapel of ease to Crosthwaite, Keswick, it became a parish in 1862?

Darrall, Geoffrey: 2006: Wythburn Church and the Valley of Thirlmere: Piper Publications (Keswick, Cumbria)

Parson Sewell from Troutbeck was preaching here but lost his sermon between the pulpit and the wall:-
"T' sarmonts slipt down t' neuk and ah can't git it out, but sitha ah'll read ye a chapter o' t' Bible worth ten on it."

William Wordsworth, The Waggoner:-
"Wythburn's modest house of prayer, / as lowly as the lowliest dwelling, ..."

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