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Wrynose Fell, Lakes
Wrynose Fell
civil parish:-   Lakes (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   hill
locality type:-   fell
coordinates:-   NY27940413 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY2704
10Km square:-   NY20

BXG81.jpg (taken 3.9.2012)  
Click to enlarge
CCX77.jpg  Blakerigg etc.
(taken 22.4.2015)  

evidence:-   old map:- Mercator 1595 (edn?) 
placename:-  Wrenose hill
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Northumbria, Cumberlandia, et Dunelmensis Episcopatus, ie Northumberland, Cumberland and Durham etc, scale about 6.5 miles to 1 inch, by Gerard Mercator, Duisberg, Germany, about 1595.
"Wrenose hill"
hillock, shaded on east; hill or mountain, on county boundary 
item:-  JandMN : 169
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   probably old map:- Drayton 1612/1622
placename:-  Wenrose Hill
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton, probably engraved by William Hole, scale about 4 or 5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Mariott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
"Wenrose hill"
Hillock, gentleman sitting on top, with a staff. 
item:-  JandMN : 168
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Wrynose Knab
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
hill hachuring; hill or mountain, across county boundary 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Image © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old map:- Donald 1774 (Cmd) 
placename:-  Wrey Nose
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
hill hachuring; hill or mountain, on county boundary 
item:-  Carlisle Library : Map 2
Image © Carlisle Library

evidence:-   old map:- Cooke 1802
placename:-  Wrynose
source data:-   Map, The Lakes, Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 8.5 miles to 1 inch, engravedby Neele and Son, published by Sherwood, Jones and Co, Paternoster Road, London, 1824.
image  click to enlarge
hillock; mountain 
item:-  Hampshire Museums : FA2000.62.5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
placename:-  Wryknot
placename:-  Hardnose
item:-  placename, Wrynoseplacename, Hardknott
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G8050919, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1805 p.919  "... Before us rose, in a magnificent cluster, the rocks of Hardnose, Wryknot, ..."

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag 1805
item:-  placename, Wrynose
source data:-   image G8051012, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1805 p.1012  "..."
"Erratum.- In the last paper, for Wryknot, read Wrynose; for Hardnose, read Hardknot."
"The origin of these outlandish terms has been in some few instances successfully traced from the Greek, from the connexion existing between that language and the antient Celtic. The Author submits to the decision of his readers a conjecture with which he has been favoured on the derivation of the name Wrynose, viz. the Greek Ου[ ]ανος, from its height; the corruption is easily deduced, more especially if it is considered that the English w corresponds with the Greek letter [ ]; and that the disposition to give an intelligible pronunciation to an unintelligible term (in frequent use among the vulgar) has proved the most prolific source of etymological difficulties. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Cooper 1808
placename:-  Wry Nose
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Cumberland, scale about 10.5 miles to 1 inch, drawn and engraved by Cooper, published by R Phillips, Bridge Street, Blackfriars, London, 1808.
image  click to enlarge
"Wry Nose"
hill hachuring; mountain or hill, on county boundary 
item:-  JandMN : 86
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Wrynose
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
hill hachuring 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   outline view:- Linton 1852
placename:-  Wrynose
source data:-   Print, engraving, outline views, Mountains as Seen from the Esk Viaduct, the Eskmeals Viaduct, and Mountains as Seen from the Viaduct near Drigg, the Irt Viaduct, Whitehaven and Furness Junction Railway, Cumberland, engraved by W H Lizars, Edinburgh, published by Whittaker and Co, London, and by R Gibson and Son and by Callander and Dixon, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1852.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.86 of A Handbook of the Whitehaven and Furness Railway, by John Linton. 
item:-  Armitt Library : A1158.11
Image © see bottom of page

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