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placename:- Pillar
parish Ennerdale and Kinniside parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
parish Nether Wasdale parish, once in Cumberland
hill
Altitude 2927 feet
coordinates:- NY17121211
10Km square:- NY11

1Km square NY1712

photograph

Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 17.5.2010
photograph

Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 16.4.2008

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 74 2)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Pillar
locality
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

text:- Mason 1907 (edn 1930)

Page 23:-
...
... to know that ... Pillar is rather like a pillar; ... and that the Pikes - Sca Fell Pikes and Langdale Pikes - are pairs of giants with rounded heads, that you may always recognise.
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 161:-
... The Pillar is 2,893 feet high, and inaccessible, from its craggy and precipitous character. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 179:-
A TABLE OF THE HEIGHTS OF MOUNTAINS IN THE COUNTIES OF CUMBERLAND, WESTMORLAND, AND LANCASHIRE.
No. : Names of Mountains. : Counties. : Height in Feet above the Sea Level.
9 : Pillar : Cumberland : 2893
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY11, button to large image
Pillar
hill hachuring

placename:- Pillar
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY11, button to large image
Pillar
Hill hachuring.

placename:- Pillar
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 178:-
ELEVATION OF THE MOUNTAINS,
ACCORDING TO DIFFERENT AUTHORITIES.

placename:- Pillar
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (4th edn 1830)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
Page 57:-
thumbnail O75E02, button to large image
Some of the Western Mountains: / as seen from Helvellyn.
Wetherlam / Old Man - Coniston Fell / Carrs, or Scars / Gray Friar / Black Combe / Crinkle Crags / Bowfell / Scawfell Pike / Great-end Crag / Glaramara / Great Gable / Kirkfell / Pillar Fell / Honister and High Crag / High Stile / Dalehead and Red Pike / Robinson / Blake Fell / Witeless Pike / Grasmoor / Ill Crags / Grisedale Pike
Page 131:-
thumbnail O75E09, button to large image
The Mountains of Ennerdale: / as seen from Kirkland.
Herdhouse / Green Gable / Great Gable / The Pillar / Wind Yate / Black Crag / Steeple / Matlin Cove / Hay Cock / Iron Crag / Revelin / Crag Fell - Grike

placename:- Pillar, The
other name:- Pillar Fell
date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
thumbnail O80E11, button to large image
Engraving, outline view of mountains, Ennerdale from a Field near Kirkland and Salter, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.20 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.
thumbnail O80E17, button to large image
Engraving, outline view of mountains, A Group of Mountains seen from Helvellyn, looking towards the South West, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.50 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Pillar
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P027, button   goto source.
Page 27:-
image OT2E06, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT2E06, button to large image
image OT01P063, button   goto source.
Page 63:-
image OT2E09, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT2E09, button to large image
image OT01P070, button   goto source.
Page 70:-
THE PILLAR
- A mountain rivalling the Gable in height - is situated between the vale of Ennerdale and that branch of Wasdale-head called Mosedale. It presents towards Ennerdale one of the grandest rocky
image OT01P071, button   goto source.
Page 71:-
fronts anywhere to be met with; and has derived its name from a projecting rock on this side; which was originally called the Pillar Stone, and had been considered as inaccessible, till an adventurous shepherd reached its summit in 1826. The rock is a kind of greenstone, more porphyritic than that of Gable.

placename:- Pillar, The
other name:- Pillar Fell
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY11, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY11, button to large image

placename:- Pillar
hill

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P293, button   goto source.
Account of Ennerdale, late 18th century
Page 293:-
...
... As he approaches the vale of Ennerdale, ... he will find the rugged scenery of the country gradually refining; and as he winds round the foot of the Pillar, he will discover a vista, which cannot fail to strike the most indifferent observer with astonishment and pleasure.
The mountains which serve to heighten this scene, and enhance its surprise, are Sty-head, Honister-crag, Wastdale, the Pillar, and Red-pike. ...
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old print:- Jenkinson 1875

Guide book, A Practical Guide to the English Lake District, by Henry Irwin Jenkinson, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 4th edition 1875.
thumbnail Jk01E1, button to large image
Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Helvellyn, Westmorland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Pillar ...
thumbnail Jk01E2, button to large image
Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Skiddaw, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Pillar ...
thumbnail Jk01E3, button to large image
Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Scawfell Pike, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Pillar ...

placename:- Pillar
date:- 1875
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Matthew 1866

Guide book, The English Lakes, Peaks and Passes, from Kendal to Keswick, by George King Matthew, published by J Richardson, Highgate, Kendal, Westmorland, 1866.
thumbnail MW1E04, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Ennerdale, Cumberland, published by J Richardson, Highgate, Kendal, Westmorland, 1866.
Tipped in before p.1 of The English Lakes, Peaks and Passes, from Kendal to Keswick, by George King Matthew.
printed at bottom:-
ENNERDALE
printed at caption to mountains:-
... Piller. ...

placename:- Piller
date:- 1866
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Pyne 1853

Set of prints, The English Lake District, or Lake Scenery of England, scenes painted by James Barker Pyne, lithographed by W Gauci, published by Thomas Agnew and Sons, Manchester, 1853; published 1853-70.
thumbnail PY16, button to large image
Ennerdale Lake
Drawn by James Barker Pyne, 1848-1853, lithographed by T Picken, 1859.
date:- 1848=1853
period:- 19th century, early; 19th century, late; 1840s; 1850s

old print:- Tattersall 1836 (version 1869)

Guide book, The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
thumbnail TAT215, button to large image
Print, hand coloured, Ennerdale Lake, from the North East, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, 1836, engraved by W F Topham, published by T J Allman, 463 Oxford Street, London, 1869.
Included in The Lakes of England, by W F Topham.
printed at bottom:-
ENNERDALE LAKE, / from the North East.
printed at bottom:-
Herd House. / Green Gavel. / Gt. Gavel. / The Pillar. / Steeple Crag. / Iron Crag. / Haycock. / Revelin.

placename:- Pillar, The
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 13.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- From about Brandreth. -- 22.9.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- White Pike on the left, Windgap on the right. -- 25.6.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- Rocks; High Stile and High Crag behind. -- 25.6.2009
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- Pillar, Wind Gap, Scoat Fell, Steeple, Black Crag. -- 13.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 17.8.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Pillar -- Ennerdale and Kinniside and Nether Wasdale -- Cumbria / -- 18.6.2013

hearsay A Brocken Spectre was observed here by H Williamson of Routen, Ennerdale:-
It would be about 8 o'clock one morning, during the late spring or early summer, ... The valley was full of mist with the mountain tops showing through it. Overhaed was blue sky and brilliant sunshine. I was collecting sheep near to the top of the Pillar mountain and I walked out on an arm that sticks out about four to five hundred yards on the north-east side of the Pillar rock. I was now in such a position that the sun threw my shadow on to the mist below me where it appeared inside a complete circle of rainbow with my feet touching the bottom and my head the top.

button   Appian Way, Pillar Rock
button   Arete, Pillar Rock
button   Black Crack, Elliptical Crag
button   Central Jordan Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Curtain, Pillar Rock
button   East Jordan Climb, Pillar Rock
button   East Jordan Wall, Pillar Rock
button   East Pisgah Chimneys, Pillar Rock
button   Easter Crack, Elliptical Crag
button   Easter Traverse, Mosedale Buttresses
button   Elliptical Crag, Nether Wasdale
button   Far West Jordan Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Great Chimney, Pillar Rock
button   Great Doup Buttress, Great Doup
button   Great Doup Pinnacle, Great Doup
button   Great Doup, Pillar
button   Grooved Wall, Pillar Rock
button   Hadrian's Wall, Pillar Rock
button   Harlequin Chimneys, Pillar Rock
button   Hind Cove Buttress, Hind Cove
button   Hind Cove Gully, Hind Cove
button   Hind Cove, Pillar
button   Jordan Bastion, Pillar Rock
button   Ledge and Groove Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Left Face Route, Elliptical Crag
button   Long Chimney, West Cove
button   Mosedale Buttresses, Nether Wasdale
button   New West Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Nook and Wall Climb, Pillar Rock
button   North Climb, Pillar Rock
button   North West by West, Pillar Rock
button   Northeast Arete, Pillar Rock
button   Northeast Chimney, Pillar Rock
button   Northeast Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Northwest Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Nor'Nor'West Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Pendlebury Traverse, Pillar Rock
button   Pillar Rock, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Pisgah from Jordan Gap, Pillar Rock
button   Pisgah West Ridge, Pillar Rock
button   Proud Knott, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Pulpit Route, Pillar Rock
button   Rib and Gully Climb, Hind Cove
button   Rib and Slab Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Right Face Route, Elliptical Crag
button   Robinson's Cairn, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Route 1, Mosedale Buttresses
button   Route 1, Pillar Rock
button   Route 2, Mosedale Buttresses
button   Route 2, Pillar Rock
button   Route 3, Mosedale Buttresses
button   Route 4, Mosedale Buttresses
button   Route 5, Mosedale Buttresses
button   Route 6, Mosedale Buttresses
button   Savage Gully, Pillar Rock
button   Shamrock Chimneys, Pillar Rock
button   Shamrock Gully Route 1, Pillar Rock
button   Shamrock Gully Route 2, Pillar Rock
button   Slab and Notch Climb, Pillar Rock
button   Slab Climb Route 1, Hind Cove
button   Slab Climb Route 2, Hind Cove
button   Slab Climb, Elliptical Crag
button   Small Chimney, Elliptical Crag
button   Small Crack, Elliptical Crag
button   Southwest Climb, Pillar Rock
button   trig point, NY1712412104
button   Walker's Gully, Pillar Rock
button   West Cove, Pillar
button   West Jordan Climb, Pillar Rock
button   West Jordan Crack, Pillar Rock
button   West Jordan Gully, Pillar Rock
button   West Wall Climb, Pillar Rock
button   White Pike, Ennerdale and Kinniside
button   Wide Gully, West Cove

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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