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placename:- Piel Island
other name:- Peel Island
parish Barrow-in-Furness borough, once in Lancashire
county:- Cumbria
coordinates:- SD2363
10Km square:- SD26

1Km square SD2363

guide book:- Barber 1873

Guide book, The Tourist's Picturesque Guide to Furness Abbey, the Vicinity, and Lakes Coniston and Windermere, by Henry Barber, published by The Graphotyping Co, 7 Garrick Street and Simpkin, Marshall and Co, Stationers' Hall Court, London, and by J Atkinson, King Street, Ulverston, Cumberland, 5th edn about 1873.
thumbnail BB1E06, button to large image
date:- 1873
period:- 19th century, late; 1870s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2SD26, button to large image

placename:- Peel
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

The label is misplaced and should be between Walney and the mainland.
Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
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Pile of Foudry
The label lying about in the sea, near no feature.

placename:- Pile of Foudry
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02SD26, button   goto source.
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old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02SD26, button   goto source.
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county:- Lancashire

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Piel castle is on Piel Island, the surrounding shallows are the Fouldrey Stones.
Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P217, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 217:-
[looking from Lancaster] [Peel-]castle on the isle of Foudry, which lies off its southern extremity. ...

placename:- Isle of Foudry
date:- 1769
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old text:- Mackenzie 1776

Charts, and sailing directions, Nautical Descriptions of the West Coast of Great Britain, Bristol Channel to Cape Wrath, by Murdoch Mackenzie, published London, 1776.
Page 18:-
... ...
To sail into Piel-of-Foudray from the S.; first make the old castle on that Island ... steer ... and steer for the E. side of Piel-of-Foudray Island, giving the S. end of it a birth of a cable's-length; anchor in the bight of the Island, on four fathoms at high-water, a cable's-length from the high-water mark, when the house bears S. by W. where you will ground before low-water: ...
date:- 1776
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 136:-

placename:- Pyle of Fouldra
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

source:- Lloyd 1573

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
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The pyle of foudray

placename:- Pyle of Foudray, The
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

story Once upon a time on occasion, the King of Piel, that is the landlord of the Ship Inn, carries out a knighting ceremony. An honoured person is seated in the Abbot's Chair, wearing oilskins and a viking helmet, and holding a viking sword. Having read the words of an old charter, the victim, sorry, the new knight, is annointed with a gallon of beer and then has the duty of buying a round of drinks for all. He can, in compensation, claim a free night's lodging whenever he is shipwrecked on Piel Island.

story A 16th century herbal:-
THE HERBALL OR GENERALL Historie of Plantes. Gathered by John Gerarde of London Master in CHIRURGERIE. Imprinted at London by John Norton 1597
includes a description of the barnacle tree, that breeds barnacle geese instead of leavs.
... one of the marvels of this land ...
In the Orkneys and the north of Scotland are
trees whereon do grow certaine shells of a white colour tending to russett, wherein are contained little living creatures: which shells in time of maturitie doe open, and out of them grow those little living things, which falling into the water do become foules, which we call Barnacles; in the North of England, brant Geese; and in Lancashire tree Geese: but the other that do fall upon the land perish and come to nothing
John Gerard claims to have seen with his own eyes, and touched with his own hands, on the Pile of Foulders, Lancashire, timber from wrecked ships on which grow a froth which turns to shells
in shape like those of the Muskle, but sharper pointed, and of a whitish colour; wherein is contained a thing in forme like a lace of silke, finely woven as it were together, of whitish colour, one end whereof is fastned unto the inside of the shell, even as the fish of Oisters and Muskles are; the other ende is made fast unto the belly of a rude masse or lumpe, which in time cometh to the shape and forme of a Bird: when it is perfectly formed, the shell gapeth open, and the first thing that appeareth is the foresaid lace or strinng; next comes the legs of the Birde hanging out and, as it groweth greater, it openeth the shell by degrees, til at length it is all come foorth, and hangeth onely by the bill; in short space after it commeth to full maturitie, and falleth into the sea, where it gathereth feathers, and groweth to a fowle, bigger than a Mallard and lesser than a Goose, having blacke legs and bill or beake.
Gerard, John: 1597: Herball or General History of Plantes: Norton, John (London):: p.1391

button   house, Piel Island
button   inn, Piel Island
button   Piel Castle, Barrow-in-Furness
button   Piel Ferry, Barrow-in-Furness
button   Ship Inn, Piel Island

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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