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placename:- Caldbeck Fells
parish Caldbeck parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
hill; fell
coordinates:- NY3135
10Km square:- NY33

1Km square NY3135

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY23, button to large image
Caldbeck Fells
hill hachuring

placename:- Caldbeck Fells
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY23, button to large image
thumbnail FD02NY33, button to large image
Caldbeck Fells
Hill hachuring.

placename:- Caldbeck Fells
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY23, button to large image
thumbnail FD02NY33, button to large image
Caldbeck Fells
Hill hachuring.

placename:- Caldbeck Fells
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P156, button   goto source.
Page 156:-
... A curious mixed rock of basaltic appearance is found near Berrier; it skirts the north side of Caldbeck Fells, forms the hill called Binsey, and may be seen on the north side of the Derwent near to Cockermouth.
...
image OT01P161, button   goto source.
Page 161:-
A superincumbent bed of limestone, by some called the mountain, by others the upper transition limestone, mantles round these mountains, in a position unconformable to the strata of the slaty and other rocks upon which it reposes. It bassets out near ... Ireby, Caldbeck, Hesket, ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Gents Mag (1747)

The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1914.
Page 522:-
... Caudebeck, that lateral detachment of the British Alps, which overspreads great part of Cumberland; distinguished by insuperable precipices, and tow'ring peaks, and exhibiting landskapes of a quite different and more romantic air than any part of the general ridge, and of nearer affinity to the Switzerland Alps. ...
These mountains differ not only in figure, but are very dissimilar in property to the main body, being dry, smooth, and more agreeably verdant, where precipices occur not. The rocks upon which they are built, being of a fissile absorbent nature, serving to imbibe the descending rains, which are thrown off from the more compact strata of the general ridge, and take broken and uneven courses, through the loose and spongy texture of their outward covering, forming sometimes morasses, but more frequently rotten bogs, and sinuous mires of difficult passage
Page 523:-
No such disagreeable objects interrupt the traveller here; if he guards against the precipices, he has no other danger to encounter.
The most common plants which I observed are,
Adianthum nigrum officinarum (of Ray) black maiden hair.
Lujula, acetosa sylvestris, wood or mountain sorrel.
Muscus squammosus montanus repens, sabinae folio.
Muscus clavatus juniperinis foliis reflexis, clavis singularibus sine pediculis. Several mosses of the capsulated kind.
Brush moss.
Rorella longifolia perennis, and other sun-dews.
The shrubs rising from the latices of the rocks, are dwarf birch, dwarf mountain oak, of so untractable a genius that no soil will meliorate it.
Fraxinus sylvestris, ornus montana, wild mountain ash, with red fruit. I do not remember to have seen this tree in the South, nearer than Derbyshire; it differs both in size and leaf from the service tree, of which species it is, according to the botanists, and is a very beautiful one when the fruit is ripe; the superstitious use it against witchcraft.
The only bird peculiar to these rocks is the raven.
It is a received Cumberland proverb, that the mountains of Caudebeck are worth all England besides, but it has not yet been verify'd by experience; and if we may be allow'd to conjecture from the nature of their stones,found in the rivulets and quarries, it may be difficult to say when they will. Most of their lapilli are a fluor of the stalactite kind, or a sparry talc resembling white flint, variegated with hexagonal crystalline spars, whose points will cut glass like the adamant, but immediately lose that property from their fragil quality. Others are impregnated with the marcasite of lead, but so blended with an arsenical sulphur that they evaporate in the process of separation, and others are of the copperas kind; all of them containing such heterogeneal qualities in their composition, as never to yield a proper gratification for the tryal. Their quarries, also, only abound with a fissile blue-ish slate, useful for the covering of their houses, but very remote from the metalline nature: Indeed in Brandlegill-beck, and the Northern descents, copper has been formerly dug, but the mines are long since worn out; hereabouts the lapis calaminaris is also found.

placename:- Caudebeck
date:- 1747
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

button   1818 Level, Caldbeck
button   beacon, High Pike
button   Birk Moss, Caldbeck
button   Caldbeck Fells Barytes Mines, Caldbeck
button   Curly Job Well, Caldbeck
button   Deer Hills, Caldbeck
button   Driggith Mine, Caldbeck
button   Dry Gills, Caldbeck
button   Drygill Beck
button   Drygill Mine, Caldbeck
button   Hare Stones Umber Mine, Caldbeck
button   Hay Gill Mines, Caldbeck
button   Hay Knott, Caldbeck
button   High Pike, Caldbeck
button   house, High Pike
button   Iron Crag, Caldbeck
button   Peteraw
button   Red Gill Mines, Caldbeck
button   Roughtongill Mines, Caldbeck
button   seat, High Pike
button   sheepfold, Caldbeck Fells
button   topograph, High Pike
button   trig point, NY3187435008
button   West Fell, Caldbeck

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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