|civil parish:-||Bewcastle (formerly Cumberland)|
|evidence:-||old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 3 8)
|source data:-||Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25
inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton,
Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
|evidence:-||old map:- Donald 1774 (Cmd)
placename:- Bailey Head
|source data:-||Map, hand coloured engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1
inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29
Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
block or blocks, labelled in lowercase; a hamlet or just a house
item:- Carlisle Library : Map 2
Image © Carlisle Library
|evidence:-||old text:- Clarke 1787
item:- dog; slough hound; bloodhound; hot trod; moss trooper
|source data:-||Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland,
and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith,
Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
Page 180 (numbered 182):- "..."
"Notwithstanding the taking away their weapons, some few Scots continued to infest the county of Cumberland, who were generally men so strong and swift of foot, that they could not be taken by the watches: these Moss-troopers (as they were called) were a terror to all; many schemes were devised to suppress them, till at last an order was made for the keeping of blood-hounds, to pursue them with hot-trod."
"The slough dogs were to pursue with hot-trod fragrant delect with red-hand, (as the Scots term it) by hound, and horn, and voice. The watchers found their great use, and indeed their great use is found to this day; ..."
"Warrant for Keeping Slough Dogs."
"29th Sept. 1616."
"Sir Wilfride Lawson, and Sir William Hutton, Knights, two of his Majesty's commissioners for the government of the middle shires of Great Britain, to John Musgrave the Provost Marshall, and the rest of his Majesty's garrison of Carlisle, send salutations:"
"Whereas upon due consideration of the increase of stealths, daily growing, both in deed and report among you on the borders, we formerly concluded and agreed, that, for reformation therefor, watches should be set, and slough dogs provided and kept, according to the contents of his Majesty's directions to us in that behalf prescribed; and for that, according to our agreement, Sir William Hutton, at his last being in the country, did appoint how the watches should be kept, when and where they should begin, and how they might best and most fitly continue. And for the bettering of his Majesty's service, and preventing further danger that might ensue by the outlaws in resorting to the houses of Thomas Routledge, alias Balihead, being near and next adjoining to the Marches (he himself having also joined them, as is reported,) order and direction was likewise given, that some of the garrison should keep and reside in his, the said Thomas Routledge's house; and there to remain till further directions be given them, unless he the said Thomas Routledge shall come"
|source data:-|| goto source
Page 181 (numbered 183):- "in and enter himself answerable to his Majesty's laws, as is most convenient: Now we further, by virtue of our authority from his Majesty, so as directed, touching the border service, do command you, that the said watches be duly searched as was appointed, and present to us, or one of us to be made, of every fault, either in constables for their neglect in not setting it forth, or in any person slipping of neglecting their duties therein; and that you likewise see that slough dogs be provided according to our former directions, and as this note to this warrant particularly sets down."
"The Slough Dogs to be provided and kept at the charge of the inhabitants, as followeth:"
"Imprimis, Beyond Eske by the inhabitants there to be kept above the foot of Sarke, ... 1 dog."
"Item, By the inhabitants of the inside of Sarke, to Richmont's Clugh, to be kept at the Moate, ... 1 dog."
"Item, By the inhabitants of the parish of Arthured, above Richmont's Clugh, with the Bayliffe and Black quarter, to be kept at the Bayliehead, ... 1 dog."
"Item, Newcastle parish, besides the Baylie and Black quarter, to be kept at Tinkerhill, ... 1 dog."
"Item, The parish of Stapleton, ... 1 dog."
"Item, The parish of Irdington, ... 1 dog."
"Item, The parishes of Lanercost and Walton, ... 1 dog."
"Item, Kirklington, Skaleby, Houghton, and Richarby, ... 1 dog."
"Item, Westlinton, Roucliff, Etterby, Stainton, Stanwix, and Cargo, to be kept at Roucliff, ... 1 dog."
"The Sheriff, officers, bailiffs, and constables, within every circuit and compass wherein the slough dogs are appointed to be kept, are to take care for taxing the inhabitants towards the charge thereof, and collect the same, and for providing the slough dogs; and to inform the commissioners, if any refuse to pay their contribution, so as thereby such as refuse may be committed to the goal till they pay the same."
|evidence:-||old map:- Ford 1839 map
placename:- Bailey Head
|source data:-||Map, uncoloured engraving, Map of the Lake District of
Cumberland, Westmoreland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles
to 1 inch, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, and by R
Groombridge, 5 Paternoster Row, London, 3rd edn 1843.
item:- JandMN : 100.1
Image © see bottom of page