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Kirkby Thore Bridge, Kirkby Thore
Kirkby Thore Bridge
site name:-   Trout Beck (4)
locality:-   Kirkby Thore
civil parish:-   Kirkby Thore (formerly Westmorland)
civil parish:-   Crackenthorpe (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   bridge
coordinates:-   NY63542530
1Km square:-   NY6325
10Km square:-   NY62

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 9 1) 
placename:-  Kirkbythore Bridge
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, published by Abel Swale, the Unicorn, St Paul's Churchyard, Awnsham, and John Churchill, the Black Swan, Paternoster Row, London, 1695.
Note that the river is the Trout Beck, the Swindale Beck is a headwater. 
item:-  JandMN : 24
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
Bridge; without its road which is drawn elsewhere. 
item:-  Dove Cottage : 2007.38.59
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   probably old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland Divided into their Respective Wards, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin et al, published by T Bowles, Robert Sayer, and John Bowles, London, 1760.
road across the Trout Beck 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.10
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
double line, road, across a stream; bridge 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Image © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old map:- Cary 1789 (edn 1805) 
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, London, 1789; edition 1805.
bridge over the Eden 
item:-  JandMN : 129
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
item:-  finds
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G858A068, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1858 part 1 p.68 
At a meeting of the Society of Antiquaries.  "December 10. ..."
"... ..."
"SIR GEORGE MUSGRAVE, Bart., exhibited, through Mr. W. A. Franks, a collection of Roman remains, found chiefly in the county of Westmoreland. They consist of several objects discovered at Kirkby Thore, on the river Troutbeck, on making the foundations of a new bridge, in the year 1838, - comprising a bronze ligula, five bow-shaped fibulae, and four ring-shaped fibulae. Also four bow-shaped Roman and two enamelled fibulae, one of them crescent-shaped, the other in the form of a cock - and the upper ornament and the chape or lower end of a scabbard of Romano-Celtic workmanship. With these was included a very fine gold Roman ring found near Thursby, in Cumberland, in the year 1836. This interesting collection is destined by the liberal owner as a present to the British Museum."
"... ..."

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag 1858
item:-  roman finds
source data:-   image G858A188, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1858 part 1 p.188 
Archaeological Institute?  "... ..."
"... Mr. Franks exhibited an extensive assemblage of Roman reliques from Kirkby Thore, Westmoreland, which have subsequently been presented to the British Museum by the liberality of Sir G. Musgrave, Bart."

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