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Shepherds Crag, Borrowdale
Shepherds Crag
locality:-   Lodore
civil parish:-   Borrowdale (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   rocks
coordinates:-   NY26331854 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY2618
10Km square:-   NY21

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 70 2) 
placename:-  Shepherds Crag
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   possibly old text:- Clarke 1787
placename:-  Great Inin
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P074, button  goto source
Page 74:-  "... an opening into Borrowdale, which is almost shut up between the rock and water at the place now called Great Inin: whether it means the great hanging, or great inlet; or whether it is called Inin from entering in, I know not. It is a most awful overhanging rock, from"
image CL13P075, button  goto source
Page 75:-  "which several prodigious large stones have fallen down, and now lie on each side of the road, and several more appear ready to follow their example."

evidence:-   old print:- Farington 1816
source data:-   Print, uncoloured engraving and descriptive text, Lowdore Waterfall, Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn by Joseph Farington, engraved by J Landseer, published by T Cadell and W Davies, Strand, London, 1816.
image  click to enlarge
printed, bottom left, right, centre  "Drawn by J. Farington R.A. / Engraved by J. Landseer A.R.A. / Lowdore Waterfall. / London Published Mar. 7, 1816, by T. Cadell &W. Davies, Strand."
item:-  Armitt Library : A6666.20
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Westall 1820
source data:-   Print, uncoloured mezzotint, Keswick Lake, seen from above Lowdore, Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn and engraved by William Westall, published by Rodwell and Martin, New Bond Street, London, 1820.
image  click to enlarge
printed, bottom left, centre  "Drawn & Engraved by W. Westall A.R.A. / Keswick Lake, / seen from above Lowdore / Published July 1, 1819, by Hurst, Robinson &Co. Cheapside."
item:-  Armitt Library : A6671.8
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
placename:-  Shepherd's Crag
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P042, button  goto source
Page 42:-  "... from the fissures of Shepherd's Crag on the right [of Lowdore Cascade], the oak, ash, birch, holly, and wild rose, hang in wanton luxuriance. .."

evidence:-   :- Hullmandel 1826
source data:-   image  click to enlarge
Print, uncoloured lithograph, The Fall of Lodore, from Derwent Water, Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn by Miss I Cropper and Miss S Atkins, published by Charles Hullmandel, London, 1826.  "Drawn on Stone by I.C & S.A. / Printed by C. Hullmandel. / THE FALL OF LODORE. / FROM DERWENT WATER."
Armitt Library : ALMA370.7
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   outline view:- Martineau 1855
placename:-  Shepherd's Crag
source data:-   Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Applethwaite near Keswick, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
image  click to enlarge
Folded in opposite p.93 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.  "MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM APPLETHWAITE NEAR KESWICK."
"L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr."
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image:-  "1 Wallow Crag, 2 Falcon Crag, 3 Shepherd's Crag / Lowdore below, 4 Glaramara, 5 Brund, 6 Castle Crag, 7 Great End, 8 Scawfell Pike, 9 Catbell, 10, High Stile, 11 Red Pike, 12 Grasmoor, 13 Causey Pike, 14 Melbreak, 15 Grisdale Pike"
item:-  Armitt Library : A1159.14
Image © see bottom of page

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