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St Michael, Barton
St Michael's Church
Barton Church
locality:-   Barton
civil parish:-   Barton (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   church
coordinates:-   NY48742637
1Km square:-   NY4826
10Km square:-   NY42
references:-   : 2005: Diocese of Carlisle, Directory 2004/5

BQZ48.jpg (taken 6.7.2009)  
BZX12.jpg (taken 21.2.2014)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 7 3) 
placename:-  St Michael's Church
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
"St Michael's Church (Vicarage) / Grave Yard"

 listed gravestone 1

 listed gravestone 2

 listed gravestone 3

 listed gravestone 4

 listed gravestone 5

 listed gravestone 6

 listed gravestone 7

 listed gravestone 8

 listed gravestone 9

 listed gravestone 10

 listed gravestone 11

 listed gravestone 12

 listed gravestone 13

 listed gravestone 14

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Barton Kirk
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
"Barton Kirk"
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Image © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
item:-  memorialcoat of arms
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P040, button  goto source
Page 40:-  "..."
"The Church of Barton is an old building, and in a situation which reflects the highest disgrace on the Earl of Lonsdale, the vicar, and the owner of the rectorial tythes, who are bound to repair it. Upon the chancel there is scarcely any covering, nor one window with glass in it; nay, only a few years ago, Mr Hassel's hounds actually killed a hare in it. The patronage belongs to the Earl of Lonsdale, and is rated in the King's books at 11l. 1s. 0½d. Before the dissolution of the monasteries it belonged to Watre in Yorkshire: it was then given by Henry VIII. to the Earl of Rutland, who sold it to Lancelot Lancaster of Stockbridge, or Sockbridge. In the Lancaster family it continued until that family ended in a daughter, who was married to Sir Christopher Lowther, one of the ancestors of the present Earl."
"On a brass plate in the chancel is the following monumental inscription of the Dawes's, an ancient and respectable family:"
""Hic jacet Francisca Dawes, filia Thomae Fletcher de Strickland, armigeri, natu maxima, perquam charissima, quidam et perdilecta uxor Lancelot Dawes de Barton Kirke, generosi. Quae huic mundo spe multo melioris 23 Feb. valedixit, Anno AEtatis 23, Anno Dom. 1673."
"Under this stone, reader, interr'd doth lye
Beauty and virtue's true epitomy.
At her appearance the Noon-sun
Blush'd, and shrunk in cause quite outdone."
"In her concenter'd did all graces dwell:
God pluck'd my rose that he might take a smell.
I'll say no more; but, weeping, wish I may
Soon with thy dear chaste ashes come to lay."
""Sic efflevit maritus." ---"
image CL13P041, button  goto source
Page 41:-  "Above the altar are four or five rows of escutcheons, but so defaced by the weather that I could not make them out: but Mr Machel says, that he remembers among them the arms of Arundel, Percy of Northumberland quartering Lucy, Dacre, Lowther, Lancaster, Strickland, Threlkeld, Machel, Moresby, Orpheur, and Crackenthorp. Upon the porch are three harts heads for the family of Faldo, (vide Guillim, p.186.) In this church was likewise buried Daniel Fleming of Skirwith, Esq; who died A.D. 1657, aged 37. ..."

evidence:-   old map:- Cary 1789 (edn 1805) 
placename:-  Barton Kirk
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Westmoreland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Cary, London, 1789; edition 1805.
"Barton Kirk"
church symbol; church or chapel 
item:-  JandMN : 129
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
cross, a church 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Nurse 1918
source data:-   Map, The Diocese of Carlisle, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire North of the Sands, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Rev Euston J Nurse, published by Charles Thurnam and Sons, 11 English Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, 2nd edn 1939.
item:-  JandMN : 27
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   site plan:- Historical Monuments 1936
source data:-   Site plan, uncoloured lithograph, Barton, Parish Church of St Michael, Barton, Westmorland, scale about 1 to 290, published by Royal Commission on Historical Monuments England, London, 1936.
image  click to enlarge
On p.36 of the Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Westmorland. 
RCHME no. Wmd, Barton 1 
item:-  Armitt Library : A745.28
Image © see bottom of page

 stained glass

evidence:-   database:- Listed Buildings 2010
placename:-  Church of St Michael
source data:-  
courtesy of English Heritage
"CHURCH OF ST MICHAEL / / / BARTON / EDEN / CUMBRIA / I / 74507 / NY4875426367"
source data:-  
courtesy of English Heritage
"Church. Nave and central tower, C12; south aisle and arcade, mid C13; north aisle, arcade and south chapel, c1300; chancel, tower arches and chapel arch, early C14. West and north windows, and south-east chapel window, early C16; south porch, stabling to north of tower, part of chancel south wall and roof, C17; vestry and some restored tracery to south windows, c1904. Dressed stone with ashlar dressings and slate roof. Coped gables and catslide roofs to aisles and chapel. Most windows of paired round-headed lights, 3-light window to south aisle, and 3-light east and west windows. Squat tower has paired bell openings and plain parapet. South porch has elliptical arch with key and panel bearing Lowther arms to gable; inner entrance is round-headed, of 3 orders. Some memorials attached to walls. Interior: Nave has waggon boarded roof, 3-bay arcades on octagonal piers to south, quatrefoil piers to north. West window has stained glass probably by Kempe, dated 1912. C13 or C14 font, octagonal bowl splayed out from base, moulded angles. C19 timber pulpit and reading desk. Tower has round arches to east and west, cut through by later segmental arches; royal arms, 1730. Barrel vault to tower, and lancet to south. Chancel has waggon roof, arch to chapel has armorial bearings to responds. Altar rail and east panelling, late C17, some late C17 panelling to C19 parclose screen. C19 stalls. Various wall and floor memorials, medieval to C17. Chapel has 2 piscinas and decorative wall slab. See RCHM Inventory: Westmorland for fuller description."

evidence:-   database:- Listed Buildings 2010
source data:-  
courtesy of English Heritage
source data:-  
courtesy of English Heritage
"Mounting block in angle of chancel and vestry. Date uncertain. Stone rubble with dressed steps. rectangular structure with 4 steps to north side. Included for group value."


evidence:-   old print:- Bogg 1898
source data:-   Print, engraving, Barton Church, ie St Michael's Church, Barton Westmorland, by A Haselgrave, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
image  click to enlarge
Included on p.137 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg. 
item:-  JandMN : 231.38
Image © see bottom of page

 cross slab gravestones

Corbrigge, William de 
Lowther, John de  1304 -  
Sandale, Gilbert de  1320 -  
Elvington, William de  1322 -  
Kyrkton, William de  1336 -  
Fenton, John de  1345 -  
Sherborn, John de 
Ferby, Robert de  1354 -  
Wyston, John de 
Newton, William de  1361 -  
Spenser, William  1422 -  ? 
Wresyl, Robert  1476 -  
Hudson, John, Sir  1566 -  
Dawes, Lancelot  1608 -  
Hudson, George 
Roberts, Timothy  1653 -  
Harrison, John  1660 -  
Stainton, Richard  1705 -  
Jackson, Richard  1734 -  
Lindsey, William  1738 -  
Wilson, Joseph  1753 -  
Cowper, John  1759 -  
Fletcher, James  1789 -  
Gibson, Thomas  1825 -  
Wilkin, Arthur  1847 -  
Gibson, Thomas Unthank  1849 -  
Hodgson, George Courtenay  1856 -  
Watson, Shipley Watson  1876 -  
Hodson, Thomas  1878 -  
Sharp, Thomas  1899 -  


Described in:-

Butler, Lawrence (ed): 2011: Church Notes of Sir Stephen Glynne for Cumbria, 1833-1872: CWAAS:: ISBN 978 1 873124 52 9
Extracted from the original notes made by Sir Stephen, now in Deiniol's Library, Hawarden, Flintshire, contact through Flintshire Record Office

BXO21.jpg  Organ, 1871.
(taken 21.10.2012)  
BQG69.jpg  Organ, 1871, makers label:-
"ABBOTT / ORGAN BUILDER / LEEDS." (taken 17.3.2009)  
BQG70.jpg  Coat of arms, George II, 1730.
(taken 17.3.2009)  
BXO24.jpg  Slab behind altar, perhaps from a sarcophagus, late 16th century.
(taken 21.10.2012)  
BTR86.jpg  Coat of arms, Lancaster Family of Sockbridge
(taken 20.10.2010)  
BXO98.jpg  Structure at the base of the tower.
(taken 26.10.2012)  
BLN22.jpg  Coat of arms over the door; Lowther quartered with Lancastre, Beetham, and Hartsop.
(taken 4.1.2006)  
BXO80.jpg  Mounting block, N side of church.
(taken 4.1.2006)  
BLN21.jpg (taken 4.1.2006)  

Click to enlarge
BTR81.jpg  Pews, before the restoration of 1903-04.
(taken 20.10.2010)  
Click to enlarge
BTR82.jpg  Pews, before the restoration of 1903-04.
(taken 20.10.2010)  

The building dates from the 12th century, with alterations and additions in the medieval, renaissance and modern periods. The nave and tower were built about 1154; the south aisle added, about 1250; the north aisle, about 1280; the south chapel, about 1300; the chancel altered, 1330. In the 14th century the church was probably thatched, and the walls plastered and decorated.
In the 17th century there were repairs, and perhaps the roof was slated. In 1703 there were repairs to roofs which needed 32 cart loads of slates; the floor was flagged, replacing an earthen floor, 1704; the nave was roofed again in 1752; the floor had new flags over the old in 1860. There was major restoration in 1903-04, when plaster was removed, the stonework repointed, and some interior fittings altered.

: : St Michael's Church, Barton; a short guide to church and parish: Barton PCC
: : church leaflet

An epitaph on a gravestone:-
"Under this stone, reader, interr'd doth lie
Beauty and virtue's true epitomy;
At her appearance the noon sun
Blush'd and shrunk in cause quite undone.
In her concentre'd did all graces dwell;
God plucked my rose that he might take a smell."

person:-    : St Michael
place:-   Barton / Carlisle Diocese

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