button to main menu  Martineau's Complete Guide to the English Lakes, 1855

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Page 152:-


Sty Head Pass
We have noticed the eastern prong of the fork into which Glaramara divides the head of Borrowdale. We now have to notice the western,- the Sty Head Pass. The Stake Pass descends, as we saw, upon Stonethwaite. The Sty Head Pass descends upon Seathwaite,- each of these farms being the last dwelling at the head of the dale.
  wild boar

Antiquarians tell us that Borrowdale was anciently called Boredale, "having its name probably from the wild boars which used, in former times, to haunt the woody part of Wastdale Forest; the hill above it being called Sty Head, where the swine were wont to feed in the summer, and fall down in autumn into this dale, where they fed upon nuts and acorns. Here are large flocks of sheep; and anciently were mines of lead and copper. Here also, in a very high and perpendicular rock called Eagle Crag, is every year an eyrie or nest of eagles." So says the old history. [1] But the traveller will find no swine near Sty Head now, summer or winter. No creature comes to drink at the tarn,- the little clear rippling lake, where the mountaineer throws himself down to rest on the bank, when heated by the ascent from the vales. He has found
[1] History and Antiquities of Westmorland and Cumberland, ii. p.69.- Nicholson and Burn.
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button -- Borrowdale
button -- Eagle Crag
button -- Sty Head
button -- Styhead Tarn
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