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Gentleman's Magazine 1792 p.1197


Weather in Kendal

Kendal, Jan. 8.
PERHAPS the following remarks on the weather and natural history of a part of the country, where nothing of the kind has been before attempted, may prove acceptable to your philosophical readers, It will be necessary to add, that this year has been the wettest we have experienced since the commencement of my Journal in 1787.
Abstract of a Meteorological Diary, kept at Kendal for 1792.
Explanation of the Table. - The first column contains the month; the second, the mean height ofthe barometer in inches and decimals; the third and fourth, the greatest and least heights; the fifth, the space moved through by the mercury; the sixth, the mean of the thermometer; the seventh and eighth, the mean of the hottest and coldest days; the ninth, the height of the rain in inches; the tenth, the number of wet days.

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N.B. The means in the foregoing Table are taken from three observations each day, without one ommission. The space moved through by the mercury is found by adding together the differences arising from the subtraction of the different heights of the column, in the barometer, at each successive change.
Notes for the year 1792.
February 1. The hedge-sparrow, motacilla modularis, singing.
4. Thrush, turdus musicus, singing.
12. Rooks, corvus fragilegus, building.
15. The chaffinch, fringilla coelebs, singing. The female was seen on the 25th: none were observable in January. Is the return of these birds proclaimed by the song of the male?
March 6. Yellow wagtail, motacilla flava, singing.
18. Woodcocks, scolopax rusticula, are very abundant at present, after disappearing for a fortnight. These visitors, perhaps, are on their return from Ireland to the Continent.
24. The wheatear, motacilla oenan; the female taken on the hills.
29. The sand martin, hirundo riparia, two seen, and again on the 31st.
April 4. The redbreast, motacilla rubicula, has reired to the woods.
6. Bees busy on the gooseberry blossom.
8. The redstart, motacilla phoenicurus, seen; the same began to sing on the 25th.
11. Swallows, hirundo rustica, two seen; they were numerous on the 13th.
15. Blackcap, motacilla atracapilla, singing.
23. Phryganea bicaudata, plentiful. Few swallows seen since the 13th. The sand-martins mentioned in March have been stragglers, as they disappeared again. The cuckow, cuculus canorus, heard this day.
25. The whitethroat, motocilla sylvia, singing.
29. The shrew, sorex araneous, abroad, and a wasp, vespa vulgaris, and the stonechatter, motacilla rubicola.
30. The swift, hirundo apus.
May 14. The corncrake, rallus crex, crying in the grass. n.b. This bird breeds here in June.
15. Young sparrows, fringilla domestica, fledged.
22. The quail, tetroa coturnix, rare here.
June 4. Cockchaffer, scaraboeus melolontha, on the wing.
A little hay cut between the 16th and 27th.
August 7. The swifts have been gra-
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