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Gentleman's Magazine 1742 p.30

  roman altar
Roman Altar

The Inscription on the Roman Altar, and an Account of the other Figures. p.627 (sic)by George Smith Esq.

Jovi optimo maximo
et Numinibus nostrae
Cohorti Secundae Tungrorum
Gordianorum Mille Equitum
cataphractariorum Legionis
cui praesest Sicilius Claudianus, *
Praefectus instante Aelio Martirino
Principe decimo Kal. I. imperatoris
Dom. nostri Gordiani III. Pompeiano Consule
Or probably these last all in the Ablative.
† Cohorts of Horse were most necessary to guard the Frontiers, but whether the Cataphractariorii were ever formed into regular Cohorts, Mr Ward knows better than I
* The CI is CL. for the bottom of these letters is destroy'd, and I read it Sicinus or Sicilius or Sicilianus Claudianus. I observed Something like an -ON before PRAFEC. But as they were very small to the rest, I shall not read them Pannonia,
In the N of MART N there seem'd to be a connection of an R I and O, which induces me to read it Martirino, but I think the Name hardly Roman, and submit to Mr Ward's reading.
Fig.1. Is the Altar which was found in the bank of the Rivulet Cam beck near a very large Roman Fort, call'd Petrianis by Horsley, just where the wall of Severus crosses the said Rivulet; and removed by Mrs Appleby to her house at Cast-steeds where it now is.
Fig.2. Is the Rota on the Side opposite to the fulmen. Fig.3. another Fragment of an Altar. Fig.4 and 5. are two curious pieces of a Glass bowl preserved by Mrs Appleby, one of them has the Name of Acteon in Greek capitals, cut with the adamant I suppose, and the other which is a Piece of the same Bowl, has a Dog's head fair on it, so that the Fable of that Prince has been engraved on the Bowl.
Fig 6 Another fragment of a Stone, found at Cast-steeds.
In the Wood where the fort has been, that Lady found some time ago buried in the Rubbish a regular Clay floor with several Pedestals upon it, and betwixt every two of them a hollow Parallelopipedon of burnt clay of 16 Inches long and 6 wide with a Hole thro' the opposite Sides.- The Use of these Pedestals is hard to be conjectured, unless to carry off the Damp from the Floor which was laid over it, but as Pipes went thro'these holes, it would rather seem like a Contrivance to warm a hot Bath, Mr Ward's Opinion about these would be of Service. I have drawn what are left of them, with the Form of the hollow Clay at A, but the Lady tells me there is not one fourth of them left that were there when She first discover'd it.
Boothby Nov. 7. 1741.
G Smith
Explanation of the Roman Altar and Figures; aforesaid by Mr Ward, Professor ef (sic) Rhetoric in Gresham College London.


1. Jovi optimo maximo,
2. et numini domini
3. nostri, cohors secunda Tun-
4. grorum Gordiana millenaria equitum
5. centum quinquaginta, cui prae-
6. est Silius Clau-
7. dianus prae
8. fectus, instante
9. Aelio Martiano
10. Principe, decimo kal. I.
11. imperatore domino nostro Gordiano Augusto tertium Po-
12. mpeiano consulibus.

Observations on the inscription.

1. THERE can be no doubt, I think, but the first line ought to be thus supplied, which so often precedes et numini or numinibus in our British inscriptions; and the fulmen
The illustration referred to is on Gents Mag 1741 p.650, not p.627.
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