button to main menu  Gents Mag 1907 part 1 p.175

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Gentleman's Magazine 1907 part 1 p.175
troops to exercise. On its north side is a great mound (of artifical construction) probably a kind of grand stand from which the officers could watch the manoeuvres of their men.
At the south side of the camp, about two hundred feet below the east tower on the side of the road leading to the south-east gateway (the porta praetoria), are two buildings which were cleared under the immediate direction of Mr. Calverley. One of these buildings contains three large rooms and one small one. It is provided with the usual hypocausts for heating. The small compartment is supposed to be either a cistern or a bath; it is in the room at the north end of the building. At the southern end of the house is a large praefurnium for heating the hypocausts. Adjacent, but quite separate, is a circular building some fifteen feet in diameter, which has evidently been plastered with a red-coloured plaster. Its use has not definitely been ascertained, though the late Chancellor Ferguson suggested that it might be a shrine to the goddess Feronia, while the building nearby was a wayside tavern.1
list, list, Inside the walls are three groups of buildings, the praetorium being in the middle; east of the praetorium is a smaller building that might have been officers' qtrs, and west of it is another structure that some believe to have been stables, while other authorities incline to think that it formed soldiers' qtrs.
Water for the camp was probably obtained from a stream issuing from the fell behind. In an account of the camp in Hutchinson's History given by Abraham Marshall, for many years incumbent of Eskdale (he rests now in the churchyard beside the river Esk), we read that pieces of a leather water-pipe were found leading to the fort from a well called Maddock How. I have not heard, however, that the excavations yielded any further traces of water-pipes or conduits.
During the excavations many relics were found both of
1 See "Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian Society," vol.xii. p.389.
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