button to main menu  Clarke's Survey of the Lakes, 1787

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Page 126:-
water called Stock-Gill-Beck divides it from the parish of Winandermere. It is a manor within the barony of Kendale, but not held under it, and was granted by Margaret de Brus (or Bruce) to Roger de Lancaster, a natural son of William de Lancaster, Baron of Kendale. This Margaret de Brus was grand-daughter to the said William, and I have seen a copy of the original grant: I shall not, however, insert it, as it contains, like many others, not much more than the boundary marks.
  Fleming Family
Rydale came into the family of the Flemings by the marriage of Sir Thomas le Fleming of Coniston in 1420, with Isabel, second daughter of Sir John de Lancaster of Howgill-Castle in this county. Mr Burn has employed 23 folio pages in tracing this family, most of which he copied from the manuscripts of a Sir Daniel Fleming of Rydale, Dr Fleming, bishop of Carlisle, and several others of the Flemings of Rydale.
The first, says he, "was Michael le Fleming, commonly called also Flandrensis. He came with William the Conqueror, and had lands given him by William de Meschiens," and adds, "that he was of a great family, and of especial favour; for when Stephen of Boulogne, (afterwards King of England,) built Furness Abbey, he granted all the lands in Furness thereto, except those of Michael Fleming; and that Pope Eugenius confirmed the same grant with the same exception."
Of this family there have been several public and valuable characters, who have married into some of the first families in the kingdom; as the Nevil, Brandon Duke of Suffolk, &c. others forfeited their estates, as most of the northern Barons did at one time or other. I shall here transcribe an indenture made between Ralph Lord Greystoke and John Fleming, Esq; of Rydale-Hall: I cannot, however, find any tradition of the particular occasion upon which it was made: It runs as follows:
THIS indenture, made the 9th day of December in the 7th year of the reign of King Edward the IV. betwixt Rauf Lord Greystoke and Wemm on the ton party, and John Fleming Esquire the todir party, wittness, that the said John is reteined and behest with the said Lord for terme of his life, as well in were as in peace, against all manner of men, except his legeance. The John taking yearly of the said Lord four pounds of lawfull money of England; and in the time of were, such wages as the king giffs to such men of such degree, and he go with the said lord. And the said John to take his said fee be the hands of the receiver of Greystoke, that is, or shall be, that is to say at Whitsuntide and Martynmas. And if the said John go with the said Lord over the sea, or into Scotland, and then it happen the said John Fleming, or any of his servants, to take any prisoners, that then the said Lord to have the third and the third of thirds. And if it happen that the said Lord send for the said John, to come to him and to ryde with him to London, or for any other matter, that then the said Lord to pay for his costs, and to give him bouche court for him and his feliship. In witness hereof, ayther party to the partyes of these indentures enterchangably hath set to their seales, wretyn the day and yere aforesaid.
By the above the reader will form some idea of border or knight-service, and that the Knights and Esquires held their estates of the Barons by that service, and were under the necessity of keeping in pay a certain number of men, ready at all times for war. The wages of Knights and Esquires were not generally paid in money as appears from the above, but in certain portions of land: Coin they had little, as will appear by the following story, taken likewise from the same family of Flemings.
gazetteer links
button -- "Rydale" -- Rydal
button -- "Stock Gill Beck" -- Stock Ghyll
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